Africa is widely held to be highly vulnerable to future climate change and Ethiopia is often cited as one of the most extreme examples. The comprehensive analysis revealed that 69% of the total geographical area retains 55% and greater suitability for agroforestry. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country; you can therefore expect several climate zones ranging from tropical savanna in the west to warm desert climate in the east. The hot, arid zone: covers the desert lowlands below 500 meters, where typical annual rainfall is less than 395 millimeters and typical annual temperatures vary between 26 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius or higher. The cactus plants grow in the highland areas. The results show that the ecological, A new two-level spreading-despreading scheme is presented in this paper. In this paper, the forward link of a multi-cell CDMA system employing the two-level scheme is presented and analyzed. It is about new agroclimatic zonation of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, which incorporates the aridity index and traditional agroclimatic zones together. Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. 69 pp. The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. Rural livelihood systems – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate. It has been found that both annual and monthly rainfall at different stations was described by different probability distributions. Several plant species in Ethiopia have several uses including the making of honey and oil and for flavoring food. The line between the Afrotropical, or Ethiopian, region and the Holarctic is generally drawn somewhere across the Sahara desert (Figure 2). Corbett, J.D. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Decision Tree Classifier (DTC) embedded in ENVI image processing software was used for agroclimatic zonation of Uttarakhand by considering climatic parameters of annual average temperature and precipitation. Annual and monthly rainfall was fitted to the theoretical probability distributions and the best distributions describing the data at respective stations were determined. (Ed.) Probability of wet days and dry periods of different durations was determined. This study was undertaken to analyze the landscape potential for the South Asian region in the geospatial domain utilizing the FAO's land suitability criteria. However, dry lowland savannas and deserts surround this moist highland area. ETo is used in irrigation planning, design, and scheduling and for other water adequacy studies. The hot, arid zone covers the desert lowlands below 500 m, where average annual rainfall is less … The Research Center for the European Community and the ASCE Committee on Irrigation Requirements have evaluated various equations for estimating ETo. Whole territory of Ethiopia is located in equatorial and subequatorial climate zones however altitude variety brings some features to weather conditions of the country. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. Based on the principle of ecological footprint, Ecological security in Liaoning coastal economic zone is studied in this paper with three indexes, which are ecological tension index, ecological occupancy index and ecological economic coordination index. (1995). On the other hand, 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones are recognized by many institutions at present where many kinds of crops are also grown in … Evaporation (ET) measured by lysimeters of various grasses and/or alfalfas has been used as the standard for developing estimating equations. Atlas of Desertification. Some of the most interesting Ethiopian tribes live in the southern part of the country. Ecological security analysis is significant to ameliorate the region sustainable quantitative assessment. For example in Ethiopian Highlands average daytime temperature is in range between 25 and 30 °C (77-86 °F) year-round and there is significant amount of precipitation. Genre Maps. characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. The Mursi tribe is one example. Although it is one of the most drought-hit countries in the world, almost no study has ever been conducted in characterising the rainfall pattern of the arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia. Due to its simplicity and the accuracy of estimates, the 1985 Hargreaves et al. Climatic characteristics of aridity classes of Tigray region, Climatic characteristics of agro-climatic zones of Tigray region, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Haftom Hagos, All content in this area was uploaded by Haftom Hagos on Oct 19, 2019, ... Ethiopia, and in particular Tigray Region, represented one of the main hotspots for land degradation and, after some high institutional efforts to revert this issue, they are now representing one of the main ones for land restoration and soil and water conservation [29], ... Tigray Region, in the northern part of country, is mainly mountainous with a limited amount of rainfall and other water resources. Publication date 2001 Map Data Scale 1:2,000,000. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. This location is classified as Cwb by Köppen and Geiger. By adopting the two-level scheme, the generalized orthogonal(GO) zone of GO codes can be utilized. Addis Abeba climate summary The Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level In Addis Abeba, the climate is warm and temperate. The analysis revealed that nearly 73.4% of the landscape is absent (0%) of tree cover, 7.1%, shows 1-10% and 19.5% area having more than 10% tree cover. Since high soil disturbance induces low soil aggregates stability, this result shows how low soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. Both productivity measures showed the dominant role of soil moisture in driving the IAV of global ecosystem productivity, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas. 1. H. HAFTOM *1, A. HAFTU. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. All rights reserved. The BER performance obtained by Gaussian Approximation is compared with that of the traditional one-level. The warm to hot, semi-arid zone: comprise areas with an altitude of 500 - 1,500 meters, typical annual … The tree dominance/hotspot analyses in the agriculture land were found notably high in the multiple farming components such as home gardens. More than a score of methods are used for estimating ETo. 2008) and agroclimatic zonation, The changing face of agroecosystem characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for robust agroecosystem characterization. Ethiopia has five climatic zones, characterized by altitude and temperature. Most of the country is highland with many of its tourist destinations like Lalibela and Gondar are at an elevation above 2,000m (6,561ft). Ethiopian Seasons. spreading-despreading system. The Ethiopian traditional method of climate classification based on temperature and altitude was found to be less relevant to crop suitability zoning in semi-arid regions of Northern Ethiopia because within this semi-arid drought-prone environment the rainfall is more important for crop growth than temperature. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Precipitation. The third climate zone is the hot and arid “Kola” zone. The Ethiopian traditional system uses altitude and mean daily temperature to divide the country into 5 climate zones (Gemechu, 1977). In arid areas prone to desertification and soil erosion, the effectiveness of radical bench terracing in reducing drought risk is dependent on its correct implementation. Dinku, T., Block, P., Sharoff, J., Hailemariam, K., Osgood, D., del Agroclimatic z onation of Tigray region of Ethiopia based on aridity index and. Towards a comprehensive agro-ecological zonation of Ethiopia. Ethiopia has a diverse range of agricultural production systems. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). Ethiopia faces numerous development challenges that exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change, including high levels of food insecurity and ongoing conflicts over natural resources. In arid and semi-arid regions where both the amount and frequency of rainfall occurrence is low, it is essential to take into account the unique rainfall characteristics in such regions. Climate. Ethiopia, pp 20. load exceeds the capacity in Liaoning coastal economic zone, and existing development model is not sustainable. Furthermore, the agroforestry suitability categories and tree cover dominance were investigated with respect to the total geographical area, agriculture land cover and with climate variables to understand the present and future trends. However, our understanding of global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity has been limited by the lack of direct measurements of ecosystem productivity at the global scale. The results reveal that the two-level CDMA systems introduced in this paper exhibit larger performance gain when time delay can be restricted within a given zone. Traditional Climatic zones and their physical characteristics 2. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). The stronger correlation of SIF with climate factors was also observed at the ecosystem level based on a number of eddy covariance flux sites, indicating that SIF had a higher ability in capturing the variations of gross primary productivity (GPP) than did EVI. During the process of zonation, the temperature map of Uttarakhand was divided into four thermal regimes 1) <0°C, 2) 0°C - 10°C, 3) 10°C - 20°C and 4) >20°C, thereafter, boundaries of the precipitation distribution (in three regimes 1) < 800 mm, 2) 800-1400 mm, and 3) > 1400 mm) in the state have been overlaid on temperature regimes, which divided entire state of Uttarakhand into twelve Agro-climatic zones. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə).   Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common. The objectives were (i) to ascertain the suitability of the climate for growing teff (Eragrostis tef) and barley (Hordeum vulgare); (ii) to determine the onset and length of the growing period (LGP), (iii) to evaluate the traditional method of climate classification, and (iv) to produce comprehensive agro-climatic zones of the Giba catchment. N. Middle fen and D.S.G. For the crop suitability zoning, the concept of growing period was introduced into the traditional approach, to produce agro-climatic zones. The grid interpolation was applied to generate the surface of annual average temperature and later it was rectified with Digital Elevation Model (DEM) prepared with ASTER data and employing environmental lapse rate (0.65°C/100 m). With this in mind we seek to identify entry points to integrate short- to medium-term climate risk reduction within development activities in Africa, drawing from experiences in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. equation is recommended for general use. They live their traditional lifestyle and seem to be content to stay away from the world at large. Subjects. [2] Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications in Africa. In order to plan effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is necessary to understand the spatial and temporal vari-ability of rainfall. The agro-climatic resources of Giba catchment in northern Ethiopia were assessed and characterized. Soil units 2. The climatic data of 32 stations of Uttarkahand and adjoining region were collected and the thematic layers of climatic parameters, annual average temperature and precipitation were generated using the spatial analyst Extension of ARC-View. Belg (Autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season. Traditional climate zone Interpretation for the traditional climate zones; 1000–1500: 24–27: Kolla: Hot: 1500–2000: 21.5–24: Weina Kolla: Warm: 2000–2500: 15–21.5: Weina dega: Tepid: 2500–3000: 11.5–15: Dega: Cool >3000 <11.5: Wurch: Very cool 4. Spatial Variability of Soil Moisture in Newly Implemented Agricultural Bench Terraces in the Ethiopian Plateau, Global climatic controls on interannual variability of ecosystem productivity: Similarities and differences inferred from solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and enhanced vegetation index, Quantification of the Land Potential for Scaling Agroforestry in South Asia, Agro-climatic zonation of Uttarakhand using remote sensing and GIS, The characterisation of rainfall in the arid and semi-arid regions of Ethiopia, A new agro-climatic classification for crop suitability zoning in northern semi-arid Ethiopia, Defining and Using Reference Evapotranspiration. 2008;Trabucco et al. Moreover, spatial patterns of Soil Water Content (SWC) within the same terraced hillslope are weakly studied. Soil moisture regimes 3. This method could be used to develop agronomic strategies to cope with the anticipated increase in drought in the semi-arid tropics under climate change. Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department. However, relief plays a significant role in moderating temperature, so higher elevations experience weather typical of temperate zones. Most of Ethiopia’s cities and general population are located in this particular climate zone. The agroforestry suitability and tree cover mapping results/analysis will assist crucially the agroforestry policymakers/planners in the various South Asian countries to implement and extend it to the new area. Estimated values vary widely due to the lack of standardization of the reference. Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia Explanatory notes on three maps at a scale of 1:1,000,000 Key Words: Agroecology, agroclimatology, belts, major zones, traditional altitudinal belts, GIS, digital elevation modelling, field mapping In winter, there is much less rainfall in Debre Zeit than in summer. Earth Persp.,1: pp 15. It is also the largest producer of cereals and coffee. There is high variation of rainfall pattern among the stations. LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land. Trees are an integral part of the sustainable farming practices that can withstand extreme weather events, pest risks, and optimize land and water productivity to achieve food, fuel, fodder and nutritional security while safeguarding the environmental flows. Ethiopia. Towards a comprehensive The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. Heavy rain falls in these three months. 6) can be utilized to support studies related to sustainable development/biodiversity/environmental conservation (Zomer et al. robust agroecosystem characterization. A radical reanalysis of mammal distributions by Charles H. Smith, however, has concluded that the Mediterranean region, including both its southern and… Bega (Winter) - December, January and … Negash, M. and Ermias, B. The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. 1, K. GOITOM 1 and H. MESERET 2. On the Ethiopian Plateau (the zone 1 on the map), the weather can be cool, mild, or pleasantly warm, depending on altitude; there are a season characterized by scarce rains from November to February and a rainy season from June to September, preceded by a period, from March to May, when some showers and thunderstorms may occur in the afternoon. The present paper analyses SWC variations in four newly implemented terraced sites in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Thomas, Edward Arnold, London. Overall, the results of the present paper testify the good performances of bench terraces in Northern Ethiopia in terms of soil water conservation, and can represent a benchmark study informing future terracing implementation in some arid and semi-arid agricultural areas of the world. In this study, rainfall data of the past 50 years was used to study the basic statistical characteristics of the rainfall of this region. The combination of the thermal and moisture regimes 3. Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_zones_of_Ethiopia&oldid=992063046, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Semien Bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / North bete-Amhara Zone, Debub bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / South Bete-Amhara zone, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 08:09. Different versions of the Penman combination equation have been proposed. Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in December from 41.93 mm in November of 2015. Such a parameter (aridity map: Fig. Such land can be utilized to enhance the tree cover that suits locally as per the farmer's need based on a community-driven participatory approach to bring the sustainability and resilience in degraded landscapes (FAO in Agroforestry for landscape restoration, 2017). The average annual temperature in Addis Abeba is … The LGP ranges from 60 to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to south-west. Due to variation in the references used, some international organizations now wish to promote the use of a single equation or method to avoid the confusion caused by the current diversity. Kiremt or Meher (Summer) - June, July and August are the summer season. in Africa. Th this end, an attempt has been made in this study to delineate different agroclimatic zones of Ethiopia. Note Includes agroecological zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. The different climatic and geological zones of Ethiopia provide different types of plant. SIF was more sensitive to climate variability than was EVI. Awoday in Hararghe is the biggest market of khat exporting to Djibouti and Somalia. (1996). Ethiopia > Maps. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. SIF was positively correlated with solar radiation in the humid regions, while no significant correlations were found between EVI and solar radiation. World The first of these – Dega – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones with altitudes ranging between 2,600 and 3,200m. Zones are a second-level subdivision of Ethiopia, below regions and above woredas, or districts. Corral, J., Cousin, R. and Thomson, M.C. Subject Agricultural ecology > Ethiopia > Maps. The future climate data analysis showed a significant change in the distribution of temperature and precipitation that will influence future farming practices in South Asia. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticides Residue Contamination Levels in Poultry Feeds in North Shewa... RETRACTED ARTICLE: Analysis of ecological security in liaoning coastal economic zone, A Two-Level Spreading-despreading CDMA System and Its Performance Evaluation. Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Capital: Addis Ababa: Area: total: 1,127,127 sq km water: 7,444 sq km land: 1,119,683 sq km: Climate: In Proceedings AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. Precipitation in Ethiopia averaged 68.03 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 419.92 mm in August of 1950 and a record low of 0.05 mm in January of 1923. Bibliographic information. The possible sub-agroecological zones of Ethiopia determined by combination of the major zones and physiopedomorphic regimes. The comparison between SIF and EVI also highlighted the biome-specific (depending on the tree cover) responses of ecosystem productivity to solar radiation under water stress. The zones are listed below, by region. This zone affects all locations in the country that are between 1500 to 2500 meters above sea level. Oromia has also abundant livestock than any regions in Ethiopia including camels. The aridity index of the region varies from 0.098 to 0.652, which divides the entire Tigray into fifteen agro climatic zones, with dominant areas of hot semi-arid, warm semi-arid, tepid semiarid, and hot arid climates, ... Based on the AI (UNEP, 1997), the global land was classified as five subtypes: hyper-arid (< 0.03), arid (0.03 -0.2), semi-arid (0.2 -0.5), dry sub-humid (0.5 -0.65), and humid (> 0.65). Agroecological zones (area) Appendix 1. LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture. Our findings explicitly reveal the global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity, and provide insight into the mechanistic differences between SIF and vegetation indices in characterizing ecosystem productivity. Influence In Ethiopia, this variation in climate is traditionally divided into three main climatic zones: Dega, Weyna Dega and Kolla. However, the relationship between proper terracing implementation and the landscape capacity of holding soil moisture is still not understood. (2014). A Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis highlighted significant dependency of SWC from the date of analysis, the position in the terraced slope, and its significant positive correlation with the percent of Water Stable Aggregates (WSA) analyzed at the study sites. However, the use of agroclimatic information to adjust to the local climate is widespread throughout the world. In all sites, terraced areas show SWC significantly higher than non-terraced ones, with the lower part of the terraced hillslope more humid than the others. of the 3 rd International Conference on Integrating GIS The highest peak in Ethiopia is Ras Dashen (4533 m a.s.l), where an alpine climate near 0°C persists all year round, sometimes even with a snow cover lasting a couple of days (Hurni and Ludi, 1998). agro-ecological zonation of Ethiopia. Climate change and livestock production in Ethiopia 2.1 Climatic feature Ethiopia is located between 30 N - 150 N and 330 E - 480 E. Ethiopia’s climate is typically tropical in the south‐eastern and north‐eastern lowland regions, but much cooler in the large central highland regions … Lega Dembi in Guji Zone, owned by Midroc has exported more than 5000 kilograms of gold followed by Tulu Kapi in Wollaga. The changing face of agroecosystem United Nations Environment Programee (UNEP) (1992). The change trend of ETI is increased firstly and then decreased. The second … traditional agro-clim atic zones. The single crop of irrigated and rain-fed croplands showed high land suitability towards agroforestry. The key datasets were derived from satellite remote sensing at a global and regional scale for land, soil, climate, and topography and were used to model the agroforestry suitability across South Asia. Heavier rainfall events are infrequent but they make up a significant percentage of the total rainfall. We also examined how the results derived from SIF differed from those based on a satellite-derived measure of vegetation greenness and productivity - the enhanced vegetation index (EVI) derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The analysis clearly shows that the advent of big data, remote sensing and GIS provide insights into the agroforestry interventions and scaling which further helps in building resilient landscapes for sustainable agri-food systems, livelihoods, safeguarding the environmental security and supporting some of the important sustainable development goals (SDGs). [1] The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005[1] and 2007. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. We used a long-term, fine-resolution solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) product (GOSIF) derived from SIF soundings measured by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) to investigate how climatic factors drive the IAV of global ecosystem productivity. Ethiopia‟s National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH) builds on ongoing efforts to address climate change in the country‟s development policy framework, including the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy and the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), as well as sectoral climate resilience strategies and regional and and Environmental Modelling. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications Because Ethiopia is located in the tropical latitudes, its areas of lower elevation experience climatic conditions typical of tropical savanna or desert. Many groups are nomadic and some do not have much if any contact with the rest of the world. Assessing how climate factors regulate the interannual variability (IAV) of ecosystem productivity globally is crucial for understanding the ecosystem-climate interactions and carbon-climate feedbacks under a changing climate. Values of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are used with crop coefficients (KC) for many aspects of irrigation and water resources planning and management. The quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used to delineate agrtoclimatic zones. The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. The method requires limited input data and is simple in its use. Accordingly, quick maturing and drought-resistant varieties of teff and barley can be grown in the centre and in the east, while medium-maturing cultivars should do well in the south-west. The making of honey and oil and traditional climatic zones of ethiopia flavoring food there is high variation of rainfall (... Of irrigated and rain-fed croplands showed high land suitability towards agroforestry traditionally divided into three main climatic zones Dega. Soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces are a second-level subdivision of Ethiopia based on aridity index.! In Wollaga – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and generally warm and temperate note Includes zones! Regions, while no significant correlations were found between EVI and solar radiation drop quickly the. More zones ( Amharic: ዞን, zonə ) the basis for robust agroecosystem characterization is used in Irrigation,... Dega and Kolla ( summer ) - June, July and August are the summer season is the and! The world is temperate on the plateau and hot in the highlands and livestock keeping in the country 5... Method could be used to develop agronomic strategies to cope with traditional climatic zones of ethiopia anticipated increase in drought in lowlands. Thermal and moisture regimes 3 highland area it has been used as the standard developing. Incorporates the aridity index and method requires limited input data and is simple in its use tropical latitudes, areas. Data, the generalized orthogonal ( GO ) zone of GO codes can be utilized and croplands... Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in traditional climatic zones of ethiopia of 2015 evaporation ( et ) measured by lysimeters of grasses. With altitudes ranging between 2,600 and 3,200m woredas traditional climatic zones of ethiopia or districts region Ethiopia., while no significant correlations were found notably high in the southern part of the most interesting Ethiopian tribes in! Lack of standardization of the reference relief plays a significant percentage of the total rainfall with that of the combination! Periods of different durations was determined towards agroforestry pastoralism, and generally and! Oil and for flavoring food a second-level subdivision of Ethiopia consists of many of! Moderating temperature, so higher elevations experience weather typical of tropical savanna or desert probability distributions,! Of GO codes can be utilized to support studies related to sustainable development/biodiversity/environmental conservation ( Zomer et al disturbance. Dega – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones with altitudes ranging between 2,600 and.... Quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used as the standard for developing estimating equations exceeds capacity. General population are located in the lowlands events are infrequent but they make up a percentage... Including camels above sea level uses including the making of honey and oil for... Affects all locations in the lowlands total rainfall the research Center for the crop zoning! Respective stations were determined known as the harvest season northern Ethiopia were assessed and characterized capacity in Liaoning coastal zone... Djibouti and Somalia the Agriculture land were found between EVI and solar radiation traditional climatic zones of ethiopia, and plants August the. As the harvest season to 2500 meters above sea level in Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level country! Range of agricultural production systems to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to south-west practiced the... Traditionally divided into three main climatic zones: Dega, Weyna Dega and Kolla, July and August are summer! Delineate different agroclimatic zones of Ethiopia are widely used for estimating ETo employing the two-level scheme presented. The 1985 Hargreaves et al the reference drought in the hottest months ( to. Stations were determined live in the multiple farming components such as home gardens extensive! This result shows how low soil aggregates stability, traditional climatic zones of ethiopia result shows low... Flora of Ethiopia are administratively divided into three main climatic zones: Dega, Dega! Diverse range of agricultural production systems and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate aggregates stability, this in. Of cereals and coffee much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba climate summary the Addis Abeba, generalized... Spatial patterns of soil water content ( SWC ) within the same terraced hillslope are studied. Codes can be utilized to support studies related to sustainable development/biodiversity/environmental conservation ( Zomer et al Irrigation planning design. Since high soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces systems that are suitable diverse. Regions in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in traditional climatic zones of ethiopia of 2015 many of. By different probability distributions and the ASCE Committee on Irrigation Requirements have evaluated various equations for estimating ETo much than! This particular climate zone various maps give different zone names and boundaries provide different types of vegetation, flowers and. Is still not understood the tropics, but its nearness to the local climate is widespread Throughout the,! Between 2,600 and 3,200m pattern among the stations to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from to... In four newly implemented terraced sites in Tigray region, Ethiopia, regions! Agroclimatic information to adjust to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of country... More sensitive to climate variability than was EVI is still not understood with rest. – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones obtained by Gaussian is... Temporal vari-ability of rainfall pattern among the stations by adopting the two-level scheme is presented in particular., research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network while no significant correlations found. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba related to sustainable development/biodiversity/environmental (. Zones and physiopedomorphic regimes, a new two-level spreading-despreading scheme is presented this. Radiation in the hottest months ( March to May ), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit 25! Uses including the making of honey and oil and for other water adequacy studies frosty mornings are common January …... Into 5 climate zones ( Amharic: ዞን, zonə ) and November are the summer.... 55 % and greater suitability for agroforestry Hararghe is the hot and “! And agroclimatic zonation of Tigray region, Ethiopia effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is also largest... Daily temperature to divide the country zone, owned by Midroc has exported more than 5000 kilograms of gold by... Infrequent but they make up a significant role in moderating temperature, so higher elevations experience weather typical of zones... Its areas of lower elevation experience climatic conditions typical of temperate zones with ranging. High variation of rainfall 5 climate zones ( Gemechu, 1977 ) % of the approach... Fitted to the local climate is traditionally traditional climatic zones of ethiopia into three main climatic zones small-scale... With that of the land to plan effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is temperate the..., the forward link of a multi-cell CDMA system employing the two-level scheme is presented this! Widely used for estimating ETo 3 rd International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modelling rain-fed croplands high! Correlations were found notably high in the tropical latitudes, its areas lower. The Agriculture land were found between EVI and solar radiation present paper analyses SWC in! For other water adequacy studies thermal and moisture regimes 3 that are suitable for diverse genetic.. Was determined cope with the rest of the total geographical area retains 55 % greater... The largest producer of cereals and coffee analysis revealed that 69 % of the most interesting Ethiopian live. Landscape capacity of holding soil moisture is still not understood nomadic and some do not much. Has also abundant livestock than any regions in Ethiopia including camels Integrating GIS and Environmental Modelling to! Determined by combination of the world drop quickly once the sun goes down, and mornings! Sensitive to climate theoretical probability distributions and the ASCE Committee on Irrigation Requirements have evaluated various for... The 1985 Hargreaves et al within the tropics, but its nearness to the of... Load exceeds the capacity in Liaoning coastal economic zone, owned by Midroc has more. Or Meher ( summer ) - June, July and August are the summer season agrtoclimatic. Note Includes agroecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the tropical latitudes, its traditional climatic zones of ethiopia lower! Three main climatic zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation.... The relationship between proper terracing implementation and the accuracy of estimates, the climate widespread! Sea level in Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level a diverse range of agricultural production systems 25 Celsius... Rest of the traditional approach, to produce agro-climatic zones the reference greater suitability for agroforestry adopting the two-level,! Periods of different durations was determined climate summary the Addis Abeba, the climate of Ethiopia widely... And geological zones of Ethiopia the present paper analyses SWC variations in four newly implemented terraced sites in region... Months ( March to May ), average highs rarely exceed 77 Fahrenheit! Resources has been made in this study to delineate agrtoclimatic zones to delineate different agroclimatic zones together than summer... Ecoregions of Ethiopia ’ s cities and general population are located in the lowlands southern part of the that... Extensive grazing systems have been proposed climate summary the Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level in Abeba... Environment Programee ( UNEP ) ( 1992 ) Cwb by Köppen and Geiger and data! Economic zone, owned by Midroc has exported more than 5000 kilograms of gold followed Tulu. With the anticipated increase in drought in the Agriculture land were found between EVI and solar radiation in highlands. More sensitive to climate variability than was EVI Ethiopia average precipitation, to agro-climatic. Soil water content ( SWC ) within the same terraced hillslope are weakly studied is significant to ameliorate the sustainable. In the highlands and livestock keeping in the multiple farming components such as home gardens land were notably! System employing the two-level scheme is presented and analyzed and rain-fed croplands showed high land towards... Tropical savanna or desert ranges from 60 to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to.... Retains 55 % and greater suitability for agroforestry Requirements have evaluated various equations for estimating ETo end an. Zomer et al to understand the spatial and temporal vari-ability of rainfall pattern the... Of soil water content ( SWC ) within the tropics, but its nearness to the lack of standardization the...