Equatorial Guinea has a single University, Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, the main campus is 5 miles from Malabo, with a Medical School at Bata on the mainland. 7.- Secretary of State for National Defence, Mr. … Equatorial Guinea is a LDC situated in the Central African Coast, near Cameroon and Gabon. With the phasing out of the French franc during 1999–2002, the CFA franc became linked to the euro. 6.- Secretary of State for Justice, Worship and Penitentiary Institutions, Ms. RIMMÉ BOSIO RIOCALO. The mainland coastal settlements of Mbini and Kogo (Cogo) are minor ports of call. There are also subordinate courts. Equatorial Guinea, country located on the west coast of Africa. Since then several other parties have formed, including the Convergence for Social Democracy (Convergencia para la Democracia Social; CPDS) and the Popular Union (Unión Popular; UP). The United States, China, Japan, Spain, and France, among others, are major trade partners of Equatorial Guinea. Economy. Once they began to be exploited in the late 20th century, hydrocarbons quickly dominated the economy. The country has vast resource of gas and timber but does not manufacture anything. Many are subsistence farmers who clear the land by burning off the vegetation cover. In 2007, Equatorial Guinea's exports totaled $10.03 billion. Live estimate for national public debt today and since the beginning of the year. The Constitutional Court sits in Malabo. Current GDP (estimated data for 2020) and national debt. of Equatorial Guinea’s economy should include a description of the evolution of its most important sectors: oil, timber and agriculture. The inflation rate remains low, at 1.4% in 2019 versus 1.3% in 2018, below the CEMAC target of 3%. Its overall score has increased by 0.8 point due to an improvement in the score for fiscal health. It consists of Río Muni (also known as Continental Equatorial Guinea), on the continent, and five islands (known collectively as insular Equatorial Guinea): Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), Corisco, Great Elobey (Elobey Grande), Little Elobey (Elobey Chico), and Annobón (Pagalu). Undeveloped mineral resources include gold, zinc, diamonds, columbite-tantalite, and other base metals. There are international airports at Malabo and Bata as well as several regional airports. On Bioko the road system is of a higher standard, with a semicircular tarred road linking Malabo and Luba to the eastern Bubi villages. Equatorial Guinea’s economy traditionally depended on three commodities—cocoa (from the cacao tree), coffee, and timber—but the discovery and exploitation of petroleum and natural gas changed the country’s economic profile virtually overnight in the 1980s. This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for Equatorial Guinea Unemployment Rate. After the discovery of large oil reserves in the 1990s, Equatorial Guinea became the third-largest producer of oil in Sub-Saharan Africa, after Nigeria and Angola. Property Rights 38.1 Create a Graph using this measurement, Judicial Effectiveness 19.5 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Integrity 15.1 Create a Graph using this measurement. Equatorial Guinea continues to struggle to emerge from the economic recession caused by the 2014 slump in oil prices. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into two régiones (regions), which are subdivided into provincias (provinces); the provinces are further divided into districts and municipalities. Opposition parties do not wield much influence in the government, however, as Pres. Business Freedom 37.5 Create a Graph using this measurement, Labor Freedom 34.2 Create a Graph using this measurement, Monetary Freedom 78.1 Create a Graph using this measurement. All Rights Reserved. On the external front, lower commodity prices and a global economic slowdown could undermine growth in Guinea. In a series of annual reports, Doing Business assesses regulations affecting domestic firms in 189 economies and ranks the economies in 10 areas of business regulation, such as starting a business, resolving insolvency and trading across borders. Economy | November 19th 2020 Opposition activist found dead in Equatorial Guinea The incident comes at a bad time for the regime as it works to rejoin the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. The total value of exports and imports of goods and services equals 97.5 percent of GDP. In 2016, the economy of Equatorial Guinea was still dominated by the petroleum sector, which accounted for 85% of gross domestic product (GDP) and more than 94% of exports in 2015, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Equatorial Guinea is among the countries worst hit by the Central African Economic Monetary Community (CEMAC) crisis which started in 2014, facing twin deficits and a rapid loss of international reserves stemming from dependence on oil exports, lack of sufficient buffers, and weak public financial management (PFM) procedures. Petroleum now accounts for the vast majority of Equatorial Guinea’s exports and contributes more than four-fifths of its gross domestic product (GDP). Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years. Equatorial Guinea Economy. The National Economic Development Plan: Horizon 2020 in Equatorial Guinea was launched in 2007 with the goal of overcoming social and economic challenges in the country. Equatorial Guinea’s economic freedom score is 48.3, making its economy the 167th freest in the 2020 Index. Most of Equatorial Guinea’s cocoa is still produced on the island. The National University of Equatorial Guinea is located in Malabo. The petroleum sector accounted for … The initiative is divided into two phases beginning in 2008 and ending in 2020. Spending on subsidies in such categories as fuel, aircraft maintenance, and family benefits increased in 2018. The economy of Equatorial Guinea has been repressed for the past decade. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Equatorial Guinea has been the fastest -rowing economy in Africa over the past 15 years and one of the fastest growing in the world. In January 1985 the country entered the Franc Zone, whereby its currency, the epkwele (formerly linked to the Spanish peseta), was replaced by the CFA (Communauté Financière Africaine) franc and linked to the French franc. Petroleum soon became the primary export, and the country’s GDP increased dramatically in less than a decade; it continued to grow in the early 21st century. Tax Burden 75.1 Create a Graph using this measurement, Government Spending 86.4 Create a Graph using this measurement, Fiscal Health 77.2 Create a Graph using this measurement. President Teodoro Obiang, currently Africa’s longest-serving leader, seized power in a 1979 coup and won reelection to another seven-year term in 2016 with 93 percent of the vote. Equatorial Guinea was once one of Africa’s fastest-growing economies and sub-Saharan Africa’s third-largest oil producer, but its economy is now in decline because of corruption, falling oil revenues, and lack of diversification. Other taxes include value-added and inheritance taxes. Foreign companies must guard against the taint of money laundering, which occurs frequently through cross-border currency transactions and illegal international cash transfers by local companies or corrupt individuals. Equatorial Guinea economy 2007-2008. The comparable figure for imports was $3.219 billion in same reference period. This economy profile presents the Doing Business indicators for Equatorial Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is ranked 42nd among 47 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region, and its overall score is well below the regional and world averages. Home | Country Rankings | Graph The Data | Heat MapExplore the Data | Downloads | FAQs| About The Index. Economy. Equatorial Guinea: The Economy. Guinea’s economic freedom score is 56.5, making its economy the 121st freest in the 2020 Index. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Equatorial Guinea’s economy traditionally depended on three commodities—cocoa (from the cacao tree ), coffee, and timber—but the discovery and exploitation of petroleum and natural gas changed the country’s economic profile virtually overnight in the 1980s. From being an impoverished economy , largely agricultural, it has become the leading oil producer in the CEMAC zone and the third largest oil … The Supreme Court of Justice in Malabo is the highest judicial authority. There is also a cross-country road from Bata, branching at Niefang and Ncue, to Ebebiyín, Mongomo, and Nsoc near the Cameroon frontier. Equatorial Guinea’s economic freedom score is 48.3, making its economy the 167th freest in the 2020 Index. Before independence Equatorial Guinea exported cocoa, coffee and timber, mostly to its colonial ruler, Spain, but also to Germany and the UK. The average applied tariff rate is 15.6 percent, and nontariff barriers further impede trade flows. The gap was narrowed only by external aid—including large subsidies from Spain and help from many other countries and international agencies—which increased after the coup in 1979. Equatorial Guinea’s economy was transformed by the discovery of oil in 1996, leading to a massive increase in government revenues. National airlines have been unsuccessful. Obiang has won every election since taking office; likewise, the PDGE has maintained a decisive majority in the legislature. Current GDP (estimated data for 2020) and national debt. Equatorial Guinea’s real GDP growth has been weak in recent years, averaging -0.5% per year from 2010 to 2014, because of a declining hydrocarbon sector. See more from the 2020 Index. Undeveloped mineral resources include gold, zinc, diamonds, columbite-tantalite, and other base metals. The national currency, the ekwele, had previously been linked to the Spanish peseta. Equatorial Guinea Overview: Economy. With the rapid expansion of the oil industry in the 1980s and ’90s, however, the value of the country’s exports exceeded that of its imports by the end of the 20th century; the balance of trade remained positive into the 21st century. © 2020 by The Heritage Foundation. Spanish is the country’s national language. Many observers have criticized the country’s presidential and parliamentary elections as being irregular or fraudulent. Unemployment Rate for Equatorial Guinea from The World Bank for the World Development Indicators (WDI) release. The opposition protested the result as fraudulent. Equatorial Guinea’s exports of oil and gas rose substantially in 2007. Following the economic collapse of the mid-1970s, imports came to exceed exports. Economy - Equatorial Guinea | Statista Market Forecast Equatorial Guinea: The GDP (gross domestic product) in Equatorial Guinea is forecast to amount to US$9.59bn in 2024. Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spain in 1968. Government spending has amounted to 21.3 percent of the country’s output (GDP) over the past three years, and budget deficits have averaged 3.6 percent of GDP. Its overall score has increased by 7.3 points due to a large increase in the score for fiscal health. Today, despite the changes in the economy wrought by the dramatic growth of the petroleum industry, the majority of people are still employed in agriculture. In 2018 Equatorial Guinea was the number 131 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 109 in total exports, the number 176 in total imports, and the number 136 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). The main ports are Malabo and Bata; the latter’s harbour was enlarged and modernized in the 1980s to accommodate a growing share of the country’s commerce. Equatorial Guinea hosted two economic diversification symposia in 2014 that focused on attracting investment in five sectors: agriculture and animal ranching, fishing, mining and petrochemicals, tourism, and financial services. This page has economic forecasts for Equatorial Guinea including a long-term outlook for the next decades, plus medium-term expectations for the next four quarters and short-term market predictions for the next release affecting the Equatorial Guinea economy. From a level of 6 000 barrel per day (bpd), with the coming on steam of the Zafiro and Alba oil fields in August 1996, oil production has started to become an important and growing resource, and by 2000 the 7.- Secretary of State for National Defence, Mr. … Equatorial Guinea. More recently, substantial gas reserves have also been discovered. Equatorial Guinea GDP Annual Growth Rate Despite its small size, Equatorial Guinea is the third largest oil exporter in sub-Saharan Africa. Read more about Equatorial Guinea Economy. With this development there was also a … On 1 January 1985, the country became the first non-Francophone African member of the franc zone, adopting the CFA as its currency.The national currency, the … 6.- Secretary of State for Justice, Worship and Penitentiary Institutions, Ms. RIMMÉ BOSIO RIOCALO. For example, Equatorial Guinea’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. 5.- Secretary of State, Charged with Economic and Patrimonial Affairs of Equatorial Guinea Abroad, Ms. MARIA ÁNGELES MIAGA BIBANG. A major economic reorientation took place in December 1983, when Equatorial Guinea joined the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa (which later became part of the Economic Community of Central African States). Bata is linked with the coastal town of Mbini by a tarred road. Real GDP is estimated to have shrunk by 4.1% in 2019 after a contraction of 6.1% in 2018 due to less activity in the oil sector. Before independence, the Spanish subsidized cocoa and coffee exports to Spain. This page provides - Equatorial Guinea GDP Annual Growth Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Live estimate for national public debt today and since the beginning of the year. On 1 January 1985, the country became the first non-Francophone African member of the franc zone, adopting the CFA franc as its currency. The president appoints the vice president, the prime minister, and the Council of Ministers. GDP Annual Growth Rate in Equatorial Guinea averaged 11.12 percent from 1986 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 95.26 percent in 1997 and a record low of -9.10 percent in 2015. Substantial reserves of petroleum and natural gas exist under the seafloor of Equatorial Guinea’s offshore waters. Trade Freedom 48.8 Create a Graph using this measurement, Investment Freedom 40.0 Create a Graph using this measurement, Financial Freedom 30.0 Create a Graph using this measurement. The Guinean economy continues to grapple with two main risks in 2019: the country must sustain macroeconomic and fiscal reforms and ensure social and political stability. [9] Equatorial Guinea enjoys a purchasing power parity GDP per capita of more than US$38,699, which is the highest in Africa and the 31st highest in the world as of 2016. Fishing contributes to the economy as well, and the timber industry remains significant. Equatorial Guinea’s exports of oil and gas rose substantially in 2007. To get IMF bailout, Equatorial Guinea’s ruler must reveal assets. In 2007, Equatorial Guinea's exports totaled $10.03 billion. Equatorial Guinea is one of the largest oil producers in Africa. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo—in office since overthrowing Francisco Macías Nguema in 1979—exercises extensive power. The country has been one of the fastest growing economies in Africa in the past decade. As a middle income country, Equatorial Guinea is now ineligible for most low-income World Bank and the IMF funding. The judicial system is not independent, as the president is also the chief magistrate. The mainland is home to Equatorial Guinea’s largest city, Bata, and the country’s intended future capital, Ciudad de la Paz. Executive power is vested in the president, who is elected by direct universal suffrage for a seven-year term, with a limit of two terms. Efforts have been made to improve educational opportunities, and illiteracy has declined over the years; well more than four-fifths of the population is literate. The slow pace of infrastructure development could decelerate growth. Equatorial Guinea ranks in the bottom 10 percent of countries for ease of doing business in the 2019 World Bank Doing Business Survey, with very weak scores for starting a business and paying taxes. Its overall score has increased by 0.8 point due to an improvement in the score for fiscal health. GDP growth had been robust in the past, owing to exports from the country’s oil and gas sector, but in recent years, GDP has recorded significantly negative growth because of lower world oil prices and declining output. Guinea’s economic freedom score is 56.5, making its economy the 121st freest in the 2020 Index. In 2018, the Supreme Court approved the dissolution of the main opposition party and 30-year prison sentences for nearly two dozen opposition members; Obiang later declared a total amnesty for political prisoners. Property rights are enforced selectively, and the government can seize land with very little if any due process. The road network on the mainland was adequate for the light traffic it was required to carry before independence, but it deteriorated in the 1970s. As with other commodities, production suffered under the postindependence regime of Francisco Macías Nguema: Nigerian and local workers left the cocoa plantations; maintenance, output, and quality declined; and cocoa exports dropped to one-tenth of their former level. Equatorial Guinea’s financial system remains very underdeveloped. Foreign investment in several sectors of the economy is restricted, and state-owned enterprises distort markets. The economy of Equatorial Guinea has traditionally been dependent on commodities such as cocoa and coffee but is now heavily dependent on petroleum due to the discovery and exploitation of significant oil reserves in the 1980s. Economy Profile of Equatorial Guinea Doing Business 2020 Indicators (in order of appearance in the document) Starting a business Procedures, time, cost and paid-in minimum capital to start a … Graft and nepotism are rampant. Under the constitution of 1991, since amended, Equatorial Guinea is a republic. US and French authorities allege Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo squandered the African nation’s oil wealth. The high-quality cocoa was the mainstay of the economy of Bioko, which possessed the right soil and climate for its intensive cultivation. Prior to independence, the money economy was based on the production of cocoa (mostly on Bioko) and coffee and timber (in Río Muni). Equatorial Guinea economy 2007-2008. It was the only political party until 1991, when a new constitution allowing opposition parties was adopted. The ruling party controls 99 of 100 parliamentary seats. The comparable figure for imports was $3.219 billion in same reference period. There is one simple explanation for this transformation – the discovery of substantial offshore oil and gas reserves. 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