These metals in the soil can cause plant fertility problems, and many of them, such as lead and arsenic, are poisonous to animals and people. Pollution is ruining our earth badly, so we have to stop thinking about the ill effects of this and stop it as soon as possible. ~ Soil pollutants would bring in alteration in the soil structure, which would lead to death of many essential organisms in it. Thus, the entire food chain suffers as a result of soil contamination. Some of the detrimental effects of soil pollution are described below. Ground pollution effects vary based on the specific type of soil pollution as each one causes a wide variety of harmful environmental effects. Large tracts of land become barren; unable to support any life on it. Effects of soil pollution - definition Effect on health of humans: Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, the contamination of it has major consequences on our health. EFFECTS ON ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES – If soil pollution will take place it will also carry economic losses with it, the toxic chemicals and metals which are found in soil and because of soil pollution they will reduce the soil fertility and as a result we will be unable to grow crops and have to face economic losses in business. These additions mostly result from human activities such as mining, modern practices in agriculture, deforestation, indiscriminate dumping of human-generated waste, and irregular disposal of untreated wastes from various industries. Dangers of Fertilizers. Since soil pollution is not a lone standing entity, its effects are carried over as water pollution and air pollution. Ecosystems. Soil that is not significantly polluted may still harm humans indirectly, according to Pollution Issues... Cancer. They also can cause toxic reactions in people and animals. He started working with Mechanical Turk and then started contracting with individuals and companies directly via the Web. Fungi and bacteria found in the soils cannot bind the soil due to chemical changes and this causes soil erosion. Pollution of every kind is harmful to nature. As a result, the soil becomes vulnerable to the erosional forces of both wind and water. Thus, soil poll… When plants grow in polluted soil, the yield is negatively impacted in terms of both quantity and quality. Some of the causes of soil pollution are given below: 1. 3. Soil contamination caused by pesticides can also decrease the fertility of the soil, making it less able to support plant life. Rain can wash these nutrients out of the soil into lakes and ponds. Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, … The three types are major because they affect the three major components of the earth; land, sea and atmosphere. He has written advertisements, book and video game reviews, technical articles and thesis papers. This pollutes local water sources, including wells and springs, making the water dangerous to drink and for local wildlife and plants. They increase microbe levels, and reduce the oxygen content of the whole body of water. Humans can be harmed by contact with toxic and hazardous materials on a contaminated site via exposure to contaminated land, air, surface water, and ground water. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields pose one of the largest sources of soil pollution. Humans are also affected in numerous ways either directly or indirectly. Thus, soil pollution can lead to air pollution and water pollution. The prime reason for soil pollution is the addition of harmful chemicals artificially, especially while farming. The presence of a number of acids in the soil, such as hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, creates a damaging effect on soil referred to as soil friability. Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. This occurs when plants are grown in lightly polluted soil, which continuously absorbs the molecules of the pollutants. Industrial chemicals, lead contamination, radioactive metals, leaking underground fuel tanks, improper disposal of hazardous materials, agricultural chemicals, salts, sewage, all are among the causes of modern soil pollution. It also plays a key role in the distribution of the plants. Soil polluted by chemicals eventually becomes infertile and unable to support crops and other plant life. The different acids in the soil dissolve the soil crumbs which help to hold together the rock particles. Polluted soil can harm humans by making contact with the soil or consuming vegetation produce from contaminated soils. The radioactive metals also cause damage to the chromosomes of animals and people, leading to mutations, cancer, and a variety of other problems. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. It is disturbing to think that the benefits of a healthy ecosystem are threatened by land and soil pollution. The soil is also the storehouse and source of different types of gases. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. Those are just the long term effects of soil pollution. Illegal dumping is the major reason for soil pollution which affects the quality of the soil and the health of people living on it. Soil does not need to be highly contaminated to be harmful to humans. Environmental Pollution Centers: Soil Pollution, Earth Eclipse: 9 Devastating Effects of Soil Pollution. Since plants usually are quite sensitive to changes in their natural environmental conditions, soil contamination can lead to a decline in fertility of the affected plants. Since the plants can not naturally get rid of these contaminants, they accumulate in the plants system, causing an ever increasing amount of pollution. Land and soil pollution has substantial consequences for humans, animals, microorganisms and aquatic life. It can even be caused by natural sources. The health effects of soil contaminants depend on a variety of factors, such as the nature of the pollutant, mode of attack, and vulnerability of the exposed population. This earth, it provides land, clean water and air to all humans, plants and live animals to live peacefully without discrimination. They can poison plants. In conclusion, the major types of environmental pollution are, air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. Pollution might also infiltrate the soil layer and enter groundwater aquifers used for drinking water. Jason Thompson has been self-employed as a freelance writer since 2007. Radioactive heavy metals such as uranium, radium and plutonium pollute the soil in some places, either naturally or because of human activity. Other effects of soil pollution include: Animals who then eat those plants, also humans, ingest all of the pollutants that accumulated in that pl… Many plants are unable to grow on contaminated soil due to pH changes or other changes in soil composition. Soil pollution, also known as soil contamination, is caused due to the presence of human-made chemicals in the soil at harmful concentrations. Salts are very difficult to remove from soil, so this is a pernicious problem. Effect on Health of Humans. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Effects of land pollution. Effect on growth of plants: The ecological balance of any system gets affected due to the widespread contamination of the soil. ~ Creation of toxic dust is another potential effect of soil pollution. Soil erosion is agriculture’s enemy: a major environmental threat to sustainability and productivity with knock-on effects on the climate crisis and food security. Effects on the fertility of plants. Soil pollution negatively affects the lives of humans, … It can also contribute towards acid rain (by releasing huge quantities of ammonia into the atmosphere). Agricultural runoff that is rich in pesticides and insecticides used in agriculture also end up in water bodies when farmland soil is eroded by rainwater. Effects of Land & Soil Pollution. In the short term, exposure to chemicals in the soil can lead to headaches, nausea, fatigue and skin rashes at the site of exposure. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on September 27 2018 in Environment. Excessive use of pesticides or fertilisers in agric… What Are The Harmful Effects Of Littering? The contaminants can also enter the human or animal body through direct inhalation. Soil pollution often is caused by an excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. Rainfall washes soil pollutants into nearby water bodies, and these toxic substances render the water unfit for consumption and domestic use. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Land pollution can spread in all directions so that it results in an adverse impact on … Soil pollution may cause a variety of health problems, starting with headaches, nausea, fatigue, skin rash, eye irritation and potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer. Oil pollution in particular is a kind of water pollution, and a dangerous one at that. Soil is the home of a huge number of organisms. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Hazardous chemicals in the soil can potentially wipe out living organisms in the soil. The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. Healthy soil is essential to the growth of good quality crops and other plants. Specific wastes, such as radioactive waste become particularly hazardous when they are not well-contained. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The types, causes, effects and also solutions to the soil pollution … All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Children are even more susceptible to the harms of soil pollution since they spend most of their time playing in close contact with the soil. Common soil contaminants include heavy metals, solvents, petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, and herbicides. Animals that depend on such plants as a food source also suffer. Once soil contamination migrates to waterways, it may also accumulate in sediments, which can be very difficult to remediate and may affect local ecosystems and human health. Some contaminants like heavy metals, pesticides, and herbicides might be carcinogenic in nature, while other chemicals can lead to congenital disorders. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. Therefore, there is reduction in crop yields. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. Microbes living in the soil also die, which can cause areas with contaminated soil to become wastelands with little or no plant growth. Soil erosion can also be an effect of soil pollution. The failure of plants to grow in turn affects animals and humans dependent on these plants for food and other needs. The presence of heavy metals in soil in toxic amounts can cause irreversible developmental damage in... Bioaccumulation. Soil pollution is the excess amount of chemicals in the soil that is toxic to the environment and its inhabitants. Plants grown in polluted soil usually absorb the contaminants, which eventually enter the human body directly by consumption of such plants or through the food chain. Chemical used in agriculture work, litter […] Water Pollution. As a result, the soil becomes vulnerable to the erosional forces of both wind and water. Since the volatile contaminants in the soil can be carried away into the atmosphere by winds or can seep into underground water reserves, soil pollution can be a direct contributor to air and water pollution. The contamination of soil with different harmful toxic chemicals is known as soil pollution. The health effects of exposure to soil contaminants can also lead to liver toxicity, kidney failure, and neurological disorders. Moreover, the fertility of plants is likely to be reduced due to the issue of soil pollution. Soil pollution Another adverse effect of land pollution is the contamination of soil. Contaminated land and soil can cause various problems on the skin, respiratory problems, and even different kinds of cancers. On land, fertilizer-based soil pollution causes a wide variety of problems due to poisoning, such as: Salinization of the soil is a common pollution problem caused by irrigation in arid and semi-arid climates. Soil Pollution Leads to Air and Water Contamination. There they promote the growth of algae and other harmful plants. Effects of Soil Pollution Pollutants in soil, most often from industrial sources, deforestation and improper waste disposal, put animals and plants in danger. Thus, oil pollution due to any cause greatly affects the quality of natural water bodies and is classified under pollution. Effects of soil contamination on soil fertility. Humans can be affected by soil pollution through the inhalation of gases emitted from soils moving upward, or through the inhalation of matter that is disturbed and transported by the wind because of the various human activities on the ground. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 6 chemistry. Oil does not dissolve in water and hence oil usually floats on the surface of water. If you are considering buying a home, get your soil tested to make sure there are no problems in the land itself. Slightly contaminated soil can harm humans through bioaccumulation. Some of the adverse effects are as follows: Plants will not be able to adapt to sudden changes occurring in the soil. Soil pollutants eventually leach their way through the soil and into groundwater. 8.3.4 Soil pollution Soil pollution occurs due to untreated disposal of industrial wastes into soil; it has high toxic contaminants, which leads to soil pollution. Even the plant… Other heavy metals, such as lead, mercury, arsenic, and chromium rise to dangerous concentrations in the soil as a result of mining activities, industrial activity, and automobile use. Even slightly contaminated soil can be harmful to human health. These organisms help to break down organic matter in the soil and help aerate the soil. The pollution effect of microplastic particles is also related to many other factors, such as soil structure and composition, climate and environmental factors. Soil pollution also has an impact on the quality of water and air. Soil pollution is defined as the presence of poisonous chemicals in the soil. When harmful chemical and toxic elements are released into the soil, it can turn to be extremely dangerous for human beings. This eventually makes the soil unable to grow most crops. There are many potential causes of soil pollution. The effects of soil pollution are numerous. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields … Pesticides also cause soil pollution. This irrigation causes salts to build up in the soil. A well-documented example is a nuclear accident in Chernobyl, which has left an area of 2,600 km 2 uninhabitable for several thousand years. Some soil contaminants increase the risk of leukemia, while others can lead to kidney damage, liver problems and changes in the central nervous system. This is particularly true for places with the highest risk of erosion , such as watersheds in Indonesia, India, the Philippines and more. What Are The Harmful Effects Of Noise Pollution. The impacts of soil contamination described above also have negative effects on the health of animals and humans. The Effects of Soil Pollution on Humans Organ Damage. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. ~ Foul smell due to industrial chemicals and gases might result in headaches, fatigue, nausea, etc., in many people. This hinders food production and can lead to malnourishment in local communities. Soil pollution causes perilous effects on our environment and leads to several health hazards. Soil pollution also spreads to polluted water that absorbs by the soil. Soil pollution can also cause neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system, headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash. Oil pollution due to the erosional forces of both quantity and quality [ … ] effects of pollution! 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