Hypophosphatemia is an abnormally low level of phosphate in the blood. For hyperphosphatemia, most studies had proved that hyperphosphatemia was an independent risk factor for mortality or morbidity [1,7,11,14,15,[20][21] [22] [23][24][25][26]. In addition to the traditional CVD risk factors, studies in dialysis patients have shown a correlation between CAC and a number of dialysis-related factors, such as dialysis vintage, hyperphosphatemia, high Ca × P product, and vitamin D therapy Table 3 Although the multi-collinearity among variables was evaluated, strong correlations (|correlation coefficient: r | > 0.7) were not observed. Hyperphosphatemia is commonly caused by the alteration of our renal system causing the decrease of renal excretion of phosphate. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Similar results have been reported with sodium phosphate enemas. With regard to sudden death, two previous observational studies suggested an association between serum phosphate levels and the risk of sudden death in patients on hemodialysis[ 9 , 10 ]. Risk factors for the development of hypermagnesemia. Background: Hyperphosphatemia, serum phosphorus ≥ 4.4 mg/dL, is associated with increased risk for chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients with end stage kidney disease (ESKD). (2013) Wojcicki. In advanced CKD, increased dietary phosphorus is associated with hyperphosphatemia. kidney-specific risk factors, such as enhanced activity of the renin–angiotensin system, sympathetic overactivity, endothelial dysfunction (related to the accumulation of asymmetric dimethylarginine, chronic inflammatory state, and oxidative stress), hyperphosphatemia, and CKD … Lower body weight and female gender: Hyperphosphatemia risk factors after sodium phosphate preparations Parakkal Deepak and Eli D Ehrenpreis Parakkal Deepak, Department of Gastroenterology, NorthShore University Hospital, 2650 Ridge Ave Evanston, IL 60201-1718, United States However, there are other conditions as well that might lead to the phosphate levels going out of balance. BMC Nephrology. It causes the electrolytes to imbalance due to the cell dying and releasing intracellular contents into the blood, hence too much phosphate is released into the blood Hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor for adverse outcome in patients on regular hemodialysis. risk factors (London et al., 2003), the search for non-traditional risk factors has led to increasing evidence of a multitude of factors that contribute to ectopic calcification in CKD. Phosphate is an electrolyte that helps your body with energy production and nerve function. The most common cause of this illness is kidney disease. The risk factors for hyperphosphatemia. Renal insufficiency or renal failure is one of the common causes of hyperphosphatemia. Bone and mineral metabolism becomes dysregulated with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and increasing levels of parathyroid hormone serve as an adaptive response to maintain normal phosphorus and calcium levels. [Medline] . 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