It is certain, however, that Buddhism reached these areas by the early centuries of the 1st millennium ce. From there, it reached the rest of Southeast Asia (Thailand, Cambodia and Laos). Thaton was a trading centre of southern Burma. By making Buddha’s message available to the public, people were free to choose what was helpful. Beginning in the 1980s, however, it showed increasing signs of life and vitality. Buddhism became a powerful cultural influence in Asia and has remained the majority religion for thousands of years. In Laos and Cambodia, both of which suffered an extended period of French rule followed by devastation during the Vietnam War and the violent imposition of communist rule, the Buddhist community has been severely crippled. In addition, from the 2nd century CE, Indian forms of Mahayana Buddhism spread to Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Sumatra and Java along the sea trade route from India to South China. The Shailendra dynasty, which ruled over the Malay Peninsula and a large section of Indonesia from the 7th century to the 9th century, promoted the Mahayana and Tantric forms of Buddhism. During the modern period Mahayana traditions in northern and central Vietnam have coexisted with Theravada traditions from Cambodia in the south. In the 6th century, an emissary from a king of Korea introduced Buddhism to the court of the emperor of Japan. Other Hinayana schools spread to modern-day Pakistan, Afghanistan, eastern and coastal Iran, and Central Asia. Although some scholars locate the Suvarnabhumi (“Land of Gold”), to which Ashokan missionaries were supposedly sent, somewhere on the Malay Peninsula or in Indonesia, this is probably not accurate. C. Proximity to China encouraged the spread of Buddhism and other practices south into Indochina. In what order did Indians spread religious ideas to Southeast Asia? With the help of the monk Gunavarman and other Indian missionaries, Buddhism gained a firm foothold on Java well before the 5th century ce. Over time, Buddhism developed into several distinct branches. Hinayana and Mahayana traditions spread into the two Indianized states, Funan (founded during the 1st century ce) and Champa (founded 192 ce). Spread of Buddhism in Asia. Spread of Buddhism to SE Asia In the 2nd century BCE, Asoka's emissaries (perhaps including Asoka's son Mahinda) went to Sri Lanka, an island southeast of the Indian subcontinent. Buddha’s aim was merely to help others overcome the unhappiness and suffering that they were creating for themselves, due to their lack of understanding of reality. Developments during the Tang dynasty (618–907), Tibet, Mongolia, and the Himalayan kingdoms, The Buddha: divinization and multiplicity, Sa-skya-pa, Bka’-brgyud-pa, and related schools, Mythic figures in the Three Worlds cosmology. C. Doctors throughout Asia began to encourage their patients to meditate if they were ill. D The Buddha's children wrote books about his life and had them distributed throughout Asia. There are many countries with large Buddhist populations. When the Chinese traveler Yijing visited this kingdom in the 7th century, he noted that Hinayana was dominant in the area but that there were also a few Mahayanists. On page 288, point out that Buddhism spread from India to Sri Lanka. In Southeast Asia the impact of Buddhism was felt in very different ways in three separate regions. There are two major divisions of Buddhism: Hinayana (the Modest Vehicle), which emphasizes personal liberation, and Mahayana (the Vast Vehicle), which stresses working to become a fully enlightened Buddha to be able to benefit others. Hinduism and Buddhism exerted an enormous influence on the civilizations of Southeast Asia and contributed greatly to the development of a written tradition in that area. The visiting monks would not pressure others to convert, but would just simply make the Buddha’s teachings available, allowing people to choose for themselves. Often, the dissemination was due primarily to the influence of a powerful monarch who had adopted and supported Buddhism himself. The earliest waves of Parthian, Sogdian and Indian translators of early Chinese Buddhist texts came to Loyang via the silk routes. It’s a sub continent because it was detached from Africa, drifted and attached Eurasia plate. Bhutan – 75%, 560,000 Buddhists 5. Buddhism originated in India and spread to Tibet from the year 700 AD onwards. Sometimes, the process evolved organically. The Mons was a major source of influence on the culture of Burma and Bayon temple, Angkor Thom, Angkor, Cambodia. During the struggle between North and South Vietnam in the 1960s and early ’70s, many Buddhists worked to achieve peace and reconciliation, though they met with little success; to protest the South Vietnamese regime of Ngo Dinh Diem, some Buddhist monks turned to self-immolation. Religious movements and religions have had an important role on the history of the Silk Roads. Under the military regime of General Ne Win, established in 1962, reform and modernization were limited in all areas of national life, including religion. The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present.Buddhism arose in the eastern part of Ancient India, in and around the ancient Kingdom of Magadha (now in Bihar, India), and is based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama.The religion evolved as it spread from the northeastern region of the Indian subcontinent through Central, East, and Southeast Asia. However, from the first century C.E. 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