(bbc.co.uk 2014). Another cause of poverty is the fact that most Nigerians are simply deadlocked under certain circumstances and they do not have the ability to change something in their lives. The country is the 6th largest producer of petroleum in the world; it is the 8th largest exporter and … In 1980 however a little less than 30% of Nigerians were living below the poverty line. From religious conflicts and riots in Nigeria, to Ivory Coast and Liberia, and from the Arab genocide against native Sudanese to the Congo, the entire region is riddled with tribal conflicts. The truth is, in whatever you do, you must strive for excellence, and it is not in any way compulsory to go to school to achieve your goals. The rate of poverty is increasing at a significant rate around the globe with more than 2 billion people living under the poverty line. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Did you know more than half of Nigerian population live in poverty? The study investigated the Effects of Poverty on the Risk Attitudes of Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. About 70 per cent of Nigeria live in abject poverty with less than N500 per capita. Poverty leaves a lot of the population unemployed, which is the state of unavailability of jobs when the citizens actively seek it. With around 70% of its people living with this problem it is also one of the poorest countries in the world ( Nigeria … 1. Nigeria is a great nation, but as great a nation is, very sorry to say, it has not tried to reduce poverty in its economy to the lowest minimum and that is what this article will be talking about today. When one looks at poverty besides bad health and diseases, one is faced with a “chicken and the egg” conundrum. This increased the vulnerability of African populations to the spread of diseases and to other health problems…. This has contributed to the level of poverty in the country. Petroleum and oil resources play a large role in the Nigerian economy. Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. Nice right up. Severely poor people lack the most basic necessities of life to a degree that it can be wondered how they manage to survive. Nigeria owns a large capacity of leaders who have come and gone and have made no change in the economy when it comes to poverty. In Nigeria, the number of children affected by divorce has increased dramatically in recent times. Education in a child helps to broaden the mentality of such a child and makes the child be a free thinker in most cases. The highest number of deaths occurs in the rural parts of the country. Increased rural-urban migration. This is one of the major reasons for poverty in the country. Nigeria, according to the World Poverty Clock, has a total population of 205,323,520 people with 105,097,856 in extreme poverty representing 51 per cent of the population. Effects of poverty on paediatric practice in Nigeria Role of the pediatrician in resource-poor environment. information: you can get the complete project of the topic below. In Nigeria, widespread and severe poverty is a reality. People want to fend for their families but soon enough they become very greedy about it. Rule of law (nobody should be above the law). Malala Yousafzai Accepts Her Nobel Peace Prize. Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. Using the international as opposed to the national poverty line would lead to very different interpretations of poverty trends in Nigeria. Increase in the number of dependent people. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Personal responsibility should be called to arms. Education is in a condition of disregard making Nigeria have a very high level of illiteracy. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. Poverty in Nigeria started with the emergence of corruption in the masses and corruption in the government. Youths, frustrated by the lack of jobs despite attaining the necessary degrees required for the attainment of those jobs, take to criminal activities to make ends meet. Poverty is the only lifeline an individual does not want to experience because it is not a lifeline at all. THE EFFECT OF POVERTY ON THE NIGERIA EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, EKIADOLOR-BENIN. Poverty is a global threat, plaguing both developed and developing nations. Some will even go as far as blaming their siblings for their poverty. Many organizations are being set up to raise awareness of different diseases and improvement of hygiene. Nigerians facing conflict and displacement consequently have restricted access to food as there are 4.5 million people that are food insecure. There are many young people who are not gainfully employed, some of them being highly educated. POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA CAUSES EFFECTS AND REMEDIES ABSTRACT . Also, illiteracy is a major effect of poverty. Below are da few different reasons one could point out, almost at a glance, as to why this is so. Similarly, it was discovered that about 60% of Nigerians live in poverty despite the country’s enormous oil wealth (Sadiq 2007). Poverty and crime have a very close relationship, it is clear that where you find poverty, you discover a high crime rate. High crime rate is the ratio of crimes in an area to the population of that area, expressed per 1000 population per year. In case of any accident or sickness, the medical fees become a problem. While the rich people have a different ideology of what poverty is, the poor also have a notion of what poverty is described as, and I can tell you that it is not in any way described beautifully just like the rich men and women will describe it. The World Bank in its May 2013 Nigeria Economic Report stated that the number of Nigerians living below the poverty line was increasing rapidly. heterogeneous groups, since poverty has many causes and effects on many groups of people. In this article, we examine the effects of parental divorce on the well-being of children in Nigeria. Nigeria has remained one of the poorest countries in the world and Benue State in particular was ranked the eight poorest of the thirty-six states of the Federation. Jorge Saba Arbache of the Africa Region of the World Bank said “Unemployed and underemployed youth are more exposed to conflicts and illegal activities-many of them fall prey to armed and rebel conflicts.” The youth is the group that is usually involved in these crimes. Depravity comes in various colors, shapes, sizes, and degrees. Poverty means so many things to so many people. The level of security to combat this insurgency is nothing to write home about and should be beefed up if this is to be combated. Which comes first? Poverty in Nigeria: Rich Country, Poor People Poverty in Nigeria has been a problem for more than 50% of the population in the past 10 years, with surges over 60%. Effect of Human Capital Development on Poverty Reduction in Nigeria ABSTRACT This study was informed by the rising poverty level in Nigeria. The violence and fear they have spread have intensified the existing 53.5 percent poverty rate in Nigeria. Not judging anyone, or putting anyone to shame, poverty in Nigeria is the fault of everyone and no one is innocent of this. High level of poverty in Nigeria. poverty By Charles Amechi. Growth over the years in Nigeria has been revolving between 5% and 7% in the last 10 years but, the standard o f living is gradually worsen on yearly basis. A phenomenon such as poverty, especially at the scale experienced in Nigeria is not without its effects which are widespread and intricately connected. It is well-known that low-income is a strong setback to literacy in all parts of the country. The same has happened in many countries, and on the contrary, poverty increased instead. This study investigated the effects of poverty on the Nigerian Education System and its effect on students of the College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin in Ovia north east local government area of Edo State. In the area of revenue allocation, funds are most often, diverted to private pockets and to other endeavors for which they were not initially set aside for, and usually, either no one or the wrong people end up being held accountable for these lapses. The result is supported by the coefficient −22643.48. Poverty in Nigeria; Overview, Causes, Effects and Solutions Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn StumbleUpon Tumblr Pinterest Reddit VKontakte Odnoklassniki Pocket Experience as it is likely said is the best teacher and this is absolutely true as it is only a person who has truly being incapacitated by poverty that can tell how unpleasant it is to be in such a rundown situation. But then again, is that really the question one should be asking? Conflicts in Nigeria are damaging the lives already impoverished people in the country, restricting their already limited access to food, education and health care services. Effects Of Poverty In Nigeria; Effects Of Poverty In Nigeria. poverty in Nigeria. Poverty in Nigeria is not something that started today, yesterday, or days ago. 40. Poverty dates back to when a man would rather see his neighbor starve than share his pot of soup or water. Surprisingly their positive effects on the economy did not trickle down (as the theory would have) to the rest of the population. On the other hand, unemployment is one of the developmental problems that face every developing economy in the 21stcentury. To determine the effect of agriculture on poverty reduction in Nigeria. Illiteracy too is a major cause of crimes; uneducated people are easily lured into uncivilized acts and are liable to be used as thugs. Effects Of Poverty In Nigeria 1234 Words | 5 Pages. Nigeria is a developing and commercial country, that has a lot of natural resources that are enough to sustain the lives of the citizens in the country try, however, this resources seems to not be shared appropriately throughout the country try, and while some people take more than what they should not, some others have nothing entirely to take. It has been shown that children who grow up in poverty, have a higher probability of picking up activities that do them more harm than good health-wise. Effect Of Poverty In Nigeria There is a lot of poverty in Nigeria and this phenomenon is called mass poverty. With a stable economic system, which would give Nigerians the opportunity to … We use a Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model to analyze this issue. Make provisions for privately owned enterprises in the country. The 5 Major Effects of poverty . Poverty is a denial of choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. Effects Of Poverty In Nigeria. Poverty effects are profound on both the individual and society, especially in Nigeria. An article published by Nigeria Politics Online stated “While the officially reported growth rates of GDP well exceed population growth in the country, the pace of poverty reduction does not; this implies that the number of poor Nigerians living below the poverty line has grown measurably.” (Nigeria Politics Online, 2013) It affects all of the citizens with the lower class being more exposed to the risk. They have also been shown to be more susceptible to mental illnesses and record terrible cognitive development as opposed to their counterparts from average to rich backgrounds. The phenomenon of online fraud most popularly described as “419” or “yahoo yahoo” has seen an astronomical spike in recent years. It is not a day’s job to talk about poverty in Nigeria when the poverty that Nigeria is experiencing is not only in money but in appearance. The figure above displays how estimates on the extent of poverty in Nigeria vary by poverty measure. (Obinwagwam,2014). This in turn increases death rate. A diversification of the economy will provide more employment and contribute to a reduction in poverty levels. The crisis has displaced more than 2 million Nigerians and has left 228,000 refugees without a home. This study is an econometric method of research that analyzed the causes, effects and remedies of poverty and unemployment in Nigeria. Those children end up as poor as their parents were in most cases, and the cycle continues. The country is the 6th largest producer of petroleum in the world; it is the 8th largest exporter and … Ho­ 1: Agriculture has no significant effect on economic growth in Nigeria. Hindrances to the development of Entrepreneurship within Northern Nigerian women. The results in Table 4 posit that there is a negative relationship between poverty and economic growth in Nigeria. Some of these effects arise from parental absence, economic disadvantage, and family conflict. One only needs to look at the internally displaced population that has now become a part of the poverty-stricken populace. It cannot be duly noted on paper the date in which poverty started in Nigeria, but it is good you know that Nigeria was also experiencing poverty with the colonial masters here, so it is as good as saying that there is no specific time when poverty started in Nigeria. Furthermore, the study aims to measure multi-dimensional poverty and also identify the determinants of multi-dimensional poverty in Nigeria. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The rate of poverty is increasing at a significant rate around the globe with more than 2 billion people living under the poverty line. Firstly, due to poverty, Nigerians experience a high death rate. In the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 33% of Nigerians have water systems on their premises, with 54.1% obtaining water from distances that take less than 30 minutes for one round trip, and 12.8% travelling for more than 30 minutes a round trip to obtain water. Despite Nigeria’s plentiful agricultural resources and oil wealth, poverty is widespread in the country and has increased since the late 1990s. Due to the increasing unemployment rate in Nigeria, there have been adverse effects on both the economy and the society. The National Bureau of Statistics said 60.9% of Nigerians in 2010 were living in "absolute poverty" - this figure had risen from 54.7% in 2004. It is not when you waste things, it is when you do not have enough to eat or drink, not to talk if waste. No, it's a joke: it's not a surprise. The poverty is reflected everywhere in the form of lack of food, water supply, irrigation, agriculture, infrastructure and electricity. Effects of Poverty on the African Continent Wars and Conflicts-Ethnic conflicts and wars are endemic in most regions of the Sub-Saharan Africa. This rate has not significantly improved since then. It is a reality that depicts a lack of food, clothes, education and other basic amenities. Thanks for the share. As much as anyone does not consider this to be one of the reasons to eradicate poverty it is. 1.5 Research Hypothesis. Poverty in the country can be directly linked to the high level of violence and unrest due to insurgency within the country. Majority of Nigerian citizens are not able to sponsor their children through school, this is due to state of poverty they live in. The issue of Poverty and unemployment has continued to be a core subject matter in Nigeria and other African countries alike Human poverty is more than income poverty, it is the denial of choices and opportunities for living a tolerable life (United Nations, 1997) poverty amid plenty id challenge. Laziness. Where there is corruption, there is usually no headway, and Nigeria is not making headway as long as its economy is concerned. Corruption is the poster child of Nigeria’s problems and stands front and center when those issues are being called forth. A viable economy is essential for provision of employment thus reducing poverty levels in the nation. Poverty in Nigeria has been a problem for more than 50% of the population in the past 10 years, with surges over 60%. Riots, States of emergencies, Wars, Embargoes etc these destroy lives and properties, bring all of one’s efforts to naught, limit the flow of trade and consequently low finance in the society. The management of Nigeria’s health care system by the government has increased poverty accelerating factors in the region. Infrastructure is very important for the country for many reasons, and it plays a significant role when it comes to emerging from poverty. This is what has made poverty stand in the economy of Nigeria and so many people are affected by this. The paper further analysis the causes and effects of poverty in Nigeria. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of the different components of off-farm income on multi-dimensional poverty. Some 70 per cent of Nigerians live on less than US$1.25 a day. Nigeria has a very high rate of crimes ranging from insurgence to domestic violence. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Poverty has risen in Nigeria, with almost 100 million people living on less than a $1 (£0.63) a day, despite economic growth, statistics have shown. Poverty can be defined from so many points of views but I would like to state that it starts with the mind. The same source reported that poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of the population) of Nigeria was 46% in 2010. #Unbiased. International statistics show that industrial and service workers living in developing reg… (BBC News Africa, 2012) Poverty is a situation of not having enough resources to cater for basic needs. Thousands of people in Nigeria have lost their loved ones through poverty, and thousands more are still dying every day due to poverty. Poverty is as relative as it is universal. Poverty in Nigeria. Economic infrastructure in Nigeria involves access to micro-loans that help farmers keep their farm and make their living. So, there are two poverty lines that are used to classify where people stand financially. The UN Human Poverty Index in 1999, credited Nigeria with 41.6%, captured the phenomenon more succinctly as the figure placed the nation as amongst the 25 poorest nations in the world. Poverty started in Nigeria when the people began to have a notion of “if not for me, then for no one else”. Change ). 2014). In 1990, that number was 51 million. An article on Thisday Live says Nigeria represents around 13 percent of the worldwide maternal death rates with an expected 36,000 females biting the dust in pregnancy or at labor every year. Malnutrition makes the immune system weak that makes them vulnerable to diseases. Poverty is a condition in which a person’s basic needs are not being met, these needs being food, shelter and clothing. READ: Explainer: What does GDP actually mean, and how does it affect you? This approach requires a multilevel analysis incorporating variables at different levels of aggregation. Let us look at 5 causes of poverty in Nigeria. The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study and were tested at .05 level of significance at appropriate degree of freedom. Poverty in Nigeria: Nigeria has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. ( Log Out /  5. (BBC News Africa, 2012) The effects of poverty in Nigeria include: high death rate, increased crime rate and illiteracy. hmmmmmmmmmmmm. Another effect of poverty is a very high crime rate. 15 Causes of Poverty in Nigeria Poverty or this case of lack is not limited to the level of individuals but also reaches the national level. In case of disease break out the society that lives in poverty suffer the most, this is because they have little or no protection and hygiene against the diseases and they easily get infected which is because they do not get good food, which leads to malnutrition. Your email address will not be published. ( Log Out /  ( Log Out /  Divorce in Nigeria . Importation bans in Nigeria which increased poverty rate in Nigeria. Much though not all, of the solution of poverty alleviation programmes in Nigeria … Petroleum and oil resources play a large role in the Nigerian economy. The study investigated the Effects of Poverty on the Risk Attitudes of Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. In Nigeria today, there is a striking difference between the poor and the rich, and everywhere you go you know the poor from the rich. Yet a significant number of its citizens live in poverty. Despite all these natural resources and blessed assets, it is really lamentable to see an increasing number of Nigerians still living in absolute poverty in recent times. Effect of crime on poverty in Nigeria . In 1980 however a little less than 30% of Nigerians were living below the poverty line. At the root there is a culture of corruption and rent-seeking combined with a political elite out of touch with the daily struggles of average Nigerians. Poverty in Nigeria Nigeria is one of the leading oil producing countries in the world. As at 2004, the HPI (Human Poverty Index) value for Nigeria, 40.6, ranks 76th among 102 developing countries for which the index has been calculated. Poverty is anti-development. 2,3Department of Agricultural Economics, Management and Extension. its very unfortunate for nigria my home. A diversified economy, rather than the one which currently relies heavily on oil, would go a long way in helping this situation. The rate at which poverty has struck the country Nigeria, it is very unexpected and confusing because a country with so many minerals and resources, should not have a backward economy or have a big number of poverty-stricken people in it. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Despite being naturally blessed with both mineral and human resources, Nigeria has, so far, remained in a perpetual state of “hunger amidst plenty”. Owing to the large rate of poverty in Nigeria, there has been an increase in the number of illegal activities in the country as well. It has been statistically shown that children from low-income families are far less likely to perform well in school. How you define it, is your version of poverty. Poverty has become pervasive in Nigeria in the last four decades despite the economic boom of the 1970s (Anyanwu 1997; Mohammed-Hashim 2008; Obi 2007). Mass unemployment and general loss of confidence in the government due to the challenging economic indices. That’ all about Causes Of Poverty In Nigeria, History, Effects, And Solutions, Tags: History Of Poverty In Nigeria Causes, Effects, And Solutions. Problems of poverty limit access to basic amenities, good health services, food and balanced diet, thereby causing hunger and malnutrition. Required fields are marked *. Poverty is the only thing that can drive an individual to the point of no return and it is not only in the economy if Nigeria, it is also in the lives of so many citizens of Nigeria. Poverty in Nigeria: Nigeria has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Poverty is pathetic and a very bad side of the economy of Nigeria, but before we talk about how poverty is embedded in the economy of Nigeria, we have to talk about how poverty is in the lives of so many people and citizens of Nigeria. Poverty And Poverty In Nigeria 6562 Words | 27 Pages. The government should desist from going abroad for every single thing and invest its money on its own resources. For survival, they may resort to criminal acts and will tend to justify this acts on the grounds of economic survival, these crimes include: robbery, drug abuse and cyber crimes. Your email address will not be published. Increase in the number of dependent people. The more favorably affected sectors are capital intensive; therefore, capital income improves over time while land and labor income reduce. The performance rate, as well as the growth rate of the Nigerian economy, is disappointingly low and the country owes a large percentage of its poverty level to this very reason. Moreover, it’s easier to steer a small boat (the individual) than it’s to turn around a big ship (society). Due to poverty there is high maternal death which means female deaths associated with pregnancy, labor and the period immediately following childbirth. The National Bureau of Statistics said 60.9% of Nigerians in 2010 were living in extreme poverty; this figure had increased from 54.7% in 2004. In this report, the relationship between poverty and malaria in Nigeria was analyzed using a multi-level logistic model. There are so many ways to end poverty in Nigeria and some of them are; An educated child has a promising future, and not only a promising future, but an educated child can also bring something to the table of the economy of Nigeria. Nigeria is said to have one of the highest growth rates when it comes to its economy, however, poverty is a known order of the day in the country and it is rated at about 33.3%. HOW HAS CORRUPTION INFLUENCED POVERTY IN NIGERIA 3 Introduction Poverty is a universal problem that has affected people in both socio-economic and political characters in their lives. Various organizations are fighting against these effects in order to hopefully improve the conditions of people affected by the conflict in Nigeria. Working under unsafe conditions also increases death rate because the workers are exposed to different dangers, and they serve in poor working conditions that are not safe. High level of poverty in Nigeria. No less than 5500 of these deaths are among teenage mothers. Poverty is man’s most powerful and massive affliction. Poverty has a range of sociological implications for both the individuals and the society. Anyone who has a myopic mind has a poverty-stricken mentality and usually, it is very hard to put this kind of person back on the right track. A meaningful relationship between malaria and poverty should consider the effect of both individual and cluster where individual belongs. There are so many definitions and ideology if poverty really is, and if one is not careful, poverty can lead an individual into doing the things he would not normally do if he was in the right frame of mind. Wellbeing, health services, and general living conditions are poor in the country. Literacy promotes tolerance and respect, however when it is absent the reverse becomes the case. This disease has been in the system for far too long and so many have given up trying to eradicate it. Learning a trade or acquisition of skill will go a long way to eradicate poverty in the lives of so many people and in the economy at large. Myopia can simply be defined as being shortsighted of not having the ability to see far. I got some useful information on it. Read: Effects of Corruption on Nigeria Economy and the Way Forward. 1Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Jalingo Taraba state. Nigeria, according to the World Poverty Clock, has a total population of 205,323,520 people with 105,097,856 in extreme poverty representing 51 per cent of the population. Due to the increasing unemployment rate in Nigeria, there have been adverse effects on both the economy and the society. The government should be selfless and set their goals. Humanity should find an affordable cure; until then, each person should do what he or she can to prevent and treat this pandemic. Poverty is the state of not having enough material possessions or income for a person's basic needs. Poverty in Nigeria. An essential factor that works towards alleviating poverty and reducing the rate of unemployment in any country, is a strong and viable economy. 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