This weather circulates the southern seas largely unimpeded by land until is reaches the Southern Alps. More than 350 mm of rain fell in 24 hours.[9]. Giselle led to the sinking of the interisland ferry TEV Wahine, and the loss of 53 lives. When the uptake of carbon dioxide by forests (sequestration) is taken into account, net emissions (including removals from land use and forestry) have also risen – by 64.9% since 1990. The dominant temperature influence here was the relative warmth of the sea to the south of New Zealand during the Medieval Warm Period (MWP). (AP Photo/Nick Perry) By David Hall , By and Raven Cretney Landslides destroyed houses and a boy was killed by a collapsing wall when a slip struck a hall in Crofton Downs. The Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited (MetService), established as a state-owned enterprise in 1992, issues weather forecasts and official weather warnings. Based on descriptions of the storm, particularly that of Captain Marten of the Waiapu, it may have been an extratropical cyclone. Daily maximum temperatures are normally in the mid to low 20s (°C) over most of the country. Generally there are relatively small variations between summer and winter temperatures. They are higher in northern, eastern and interior part of the country; Hastings is the warmest city on average with 25.5 Â°C followed by Gisborne with 24.9 Â°C and Napier with 24.5 Â°C. Snow falls in New Zealand's South Island and at higher altitudes in the North Island. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −25.6 Â°C (−14.1 Â°F) at Ranfurly in Otago in 1903, with a more recent temperature of −21.6 Â°C (−6.9 Â°F) recorded in 1995 in nearby Ophir. Most cities receive between 620 mm or 24 in (as in Christchurch) and 1,317 mm or 51.9 in (Whangarei) of precipitation annually. You can check on New Zealand weather conditions on the Met Service website(opens in new window). If you want to ski or snowboard your way down the slopes of the Southern Alps, the best month to visit New Zealand is either July or August. See our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy to understand how you can manage cookies. At Clive the flooding caused the loss of a further 12 lives and one person was drowned near Kapiti. If you would prefer to enjoy sunny days, but with fewer crowds, the best time to go to New Zealand is in autumn. The two largest cities on the South Island, Christchurch and Dunedin, have mean yearly maxima of 17.3 Â°C (63.1 Â°F) and 14.6 Â°C (58.3 Â°F) and yearly mean minima of 7.3 Â°C (45.1 Â°F) and 7.6 Â°C (45.7 Â°F) respectively. Source: NIWA. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s government is to declare a climate emergency in a symbolic step to increase pressure for action to combat global warming. Between 1990 and 2017, New Zealand's gross emissions (excluding removals from land use and forestry) increased by 23.1%. New Zealand’s Climate Change minister James Shaw was quoted as saying in a press release on November 26, “We are in the midst of a climate crisis that will impact on nearly every aspect of our lives and the type of planet our children will inherit from us. January and February are the warmest months, and July is the coldest month of the year. New Zealand's prime minister Jacinda Ardern has called climate crisis “one of the greatest challenges of our time" as she declared a climate emergency on Wednesday, joining 32 nations including Canada, France and Britain, in laying out long-term plans to reduce emissions. The humid westerly wind is forced up over the mountains, at cooler elevation water condenses and falls as snow or rain. Sources using the earliest reports of loss of life tend to greatly overstate the numbers who died.[7]. Weather conditions in New Zealand can change quickly - no matter when you visit, you should be prepared for anything! and min. From March to May the weather is still reasonably warm – particularly in the north – but the crowds have thinned out. 4 October 1997: More than 60 homes were flooded and residents in Lower Hutt riverside areas were evacuated during downpours. However, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures year-round. Cape Campbell Aws is 21 miles from New Zealand, so the actual climate in … Data collection for determining the New Zealand climate began in the late 19th century, although European explorers made valid observations of climate indicators such as glaciers and moraines early in that century. Cool nights and warm days are common, which makes for pleasant travel weather. 16 April 1897: The storm of 1897 was a severe storm that struck the lower to central North Island of New Zealand on 16 April 1897. [8], 10 April 1968: Cyclone Giselle caused peak gusts of 145 knots (270 km/h) near Wellington, after colliding with an Antarctic storm moving north. However, on a per capita basis, New Zealand is a significant emitter – the 21st highest contributor in the world and fifth highest within the OECD. Northern and eastern parts of the country, including Auckland, Christchurch and Wellington see a slight winter maximum consistent with a Mediterranean climate. Prime Minister Jacinda … “Significant loss of biodiversity is projected to occur by 2020 in some ecologically-rich sites including the Great Barrier Reef and … We also use cookies to show you the best of New Zealand on other platforms. We use cookies to provide you with a better experience on this site. New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern moves a motion in Parliament in Wellington to declare a climate emergency on Wednesday. [2] Rainfall is normally distributed evenly throughout the year in most parts of the country, especially in the South Island. [9], 25 July and 14 August 2011 New Zealand snowstorms: The first severe winter storm brought the coldest winter snap in fifteen years. Weather in New Zealand can be unpredictable. As with many islands in the world, the influence of the ocean curtails any extremes in coastal temperature. Due to these winds, the cooler South Island cities such as Dunedin and Christchurch have higher all-time record temperatures than places further north such as Wellington, Auckland and Whangarei. The South Island is a bit cooler, with maximum temperatures around 7–12 Â°C (45–54 Â°F), though sometimes lower. It also falls heavily in inland Canterbury and Otago. 6–10 March 1988: New Zealand is hit by a tropical cyclone once every eight to nine years. This is due not only to the latitude of the country but to the fact that most of New Zealand's landmass is relatively close to the sea. Reapply every two hours. Be 'SunSmart' by using these three simple steps when you go outdoors: New Zealand's average rainfall is high and evenly spread throughout the year. [16][17] In 2014, New Zealand contributed 0.17% to the world's total greenhouse gas emissions. [9], 20 December 1976: Heavy rain caused widespread flooding and landslides in Wellington City and Hutt Valley. Indications are that temperatures were in the range of 1.5-2.0 degree Celsius lower than present during the New Zealand LIA. Eastern cities on the North Island such as Gisborne, Napier, and Hastings also have mean yearly maxima of between 19–20 Â°C (66–68 Â°F) but have slightly lower yearly mean minima of around 9–10 Â°C (48–50 Â°F). New Zealand’s centre-right opposition National Party rejected the climate emergency declaration, labelling it “virtue signalling”. Most regions of New Zealand belong to the temperate zone with a maritime climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) characterised by four distinct seasons. As New Zealand observes daylight saving, during summer months daylight can last up until 9.30pm. Currently: 64 °F. [19][20], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited, Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill, "NZ's temperature record hits new low - minus 25.6degC", "Winds and storms: Looking back at the Wahine Storm", "Kiwis marvel at Auckland and Wellington snow", "Past climate variations over New Zealand", "New Zealand's out-sized climate change contribution", "Zero Carbon Bill revealed: everything you need to know", "New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990 2017", "Proposed Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill", "Landmark climate change bill goes to Parliament", Insurance Council of New Zealand: Cost of Disaster Events in New Zealand, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_New_Zealand&oldid=993673449, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Average max. The limited historical record suggests that from 1450 the population of New Zealand underwent significant cultural change which may have links to climate cooling and dramatic changes in food supplies. Most regions of New Zealand belong to the temperate zone with a maritime climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) characterised by four distinct seasons. Winter temperatures are much milder in New Zealand compared to other areas of similar latitude, with the exception of the Central Otago and Mackenzie Basin regions mentioned above. On 18 October, gusts of 183 km/h were recorded at Castlepoint. Summer holidays mean more Kiwis are travelling New Zealand too, making the most of the sunshine and Christmas break. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern declared a "climate emergency" on Wednesday, telling parliament that urgent action was needed for the sake of future generations. Many rivers breached their banks, bridges were damaged and stock was swept away by floodwaters. New Zealand joined more than 30 other countries from around the world by taking the symbolic step of declaring a climate emergency. New Zealand joins 32 other countries including Japan, Canada, France and Britain that have declared a climate emergency. The Act enshrines long-term emissions reduction targets, five-year emissions budgets, as well as a number of governance structures and processes to support their … New Zealand has reliable air temperature records going back to the early 1900s. See more current weather. New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern moves a motion in the Parliament House in Wellington, New Zealand, to declare a climate emergency, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. [18], New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions are on the increase rather than declining. “It can do harm in making people think that by declaring an emergency something has happened, when it hasn’t,” National leader Judith Collins told Radio New Zealand. From July to August 1863 the Otago gold fields suffered from a combination of floods, snowstorms, and blizzards that caused heavy loss of life among the gold miners. In summer, it rarely gets hot, and in winter, it rarely … [14], Evidence found that the climate was more strongly influenced by the impact of tropical air masses in warm periods and polar air masses in cool periods. Conditions vary from extremely wet on the West Coast of the South Island to almost semi-arid in Central Otago and subtropical in Northland.[1]. Over December, January and February, the number of visitors increases, as people arrive from overseas to travel while the weather is warm. [3] Air laden with water vapour from the ocean is pushed from the west in response to Earth’s rotation. Similar storms, some with hail and surface flooding also happened in Whanganui, Manawatu, the central and eastern North Island, Buller and Nelson. Over the northern and central areas of New Zealand more rain falls in winter than in summer, whereas for much of the southern part of New Zealand, winter is the season of least rainfall. [9], 10 January 2002: Thunderstorms over Wellington resulted in torrential rainfall, about 40 mm in 30 minutes, and flash floods in the city centre. Annual Weather Averages in Cape Campbell Aws. 20–21 June 2013 New Zealand storm: This extra-tropical system was first felt in the South Island by heavy snowfall on 18 and 19 June. This cooling may have had a substantial impact on population in those areas. To view cookie details and how to opt-out, please see our Cookie Policy. Summer and autumn maxima can be found in places closer to the southwest, such as Invercargill and Milford Sound. Scientists have just pieced together 150 years of New Zealand climate history, revealing cool spells driven by volcanic eruptions - and the growing handprint of climate change. 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