Since inflammatory and dysbiotic factors as well as comorbidities affect systemic health, it is possible that periodontal status indicates the risk of complication of COVID-19. Environmental risk factors for the onset, progression and severity of periodontal disease include tobacco use, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, stress, some med… Genetic factors also play a role in periodontal disease and allow one to target individuals for prevention and early detection. The risk factors for periodontal diseases can be classified broadly into two categories: modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors. Conditions that cause decrea… Thomas M. Hassell, DDS, PhD, and . Crooked teeth 7. Almost 70% of patients who have periodontal disease are smokers, current or past. Tobacco use is one of the most significant risk factors in the development and progression of periodontal diseases. This can result in a Pre-Term Low Birth Weight Baby. Therefore such a plan could involve stopping smoking, changing medications, dietary and oral hygiene habits, correcting faulty restorations or treating malocclusion, in addition Periodontal disease affects millions of Americans each year. mainly due to lack of access to dental health care and dental insurance. To explore the characteristics and relevant risk factors of periodontal disease (PD) among hemodialysis patients. Other factors increasing the risk of developing periodontal disease: Risk factors that may make older people more susceptible include general health status, diminished immune status, medications, depression, worsening memory, decreased salivary flow, In addition to poor personal oral hygiene, there are a number of risk factors that may increase a patient s chances of developing periodontal disease, or gum disease. Research has demonstrated that obesity will increase the risk for hypertension, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, CVD, respiratory problems, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers.1 It has also been demonstrated in a recent research study that obesity also increases the risk for periodontal disease, and it may be insulin … Older age 5. One of the best ways to reduce your risk of periodontal disease is to visit your dental office regularly for professional dental cleanings and examination. People with more advanced periodontal disease have been found to be at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, pregnancy complications and dementia. Other dental problems. Did you know that 37 million Americans have some level of gum disease? Many risk factors increase the likelihood of periodontal disease development, as well as the severity and speed at which it may occur. Inadequate nutrition 4. Smoking/Vaping: This is the strongest environmental risk factor for periodontal disease. There are a number of risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. The list of Periodontal Gum Disease risk factors is long, but being more aware will enable you to make better choices about your oral care. Underlying immuno-deficiencies—e.g., AIDS 8. Using a computer-based system, risk was established on a scale of 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest). Poor oral health habits 6. Uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis from November 2015 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Poor oral health habits 3. 2250 Millennium Way Suite 101, Enola, PA 17025, Implants: The Look & Feel of Natural Teeth, The Role of Periodontal Care in Diabetes Management, Flossing & Gum Health: Tips to Make Flossing a Habit. in over 80% of patients with periodontal disease there is also at least one or more of the other predisposing risk factors. Nunn ME. to conventional treatments for gum disease such as tooth scaling and root planning or gum surgery treatments. As already stated, the non-modifiable risk factors are also referred to as ri… Smoking or chewing tobacco 7. Heredity 6. This condition occurs when bacteria gather in pockets in your gums. Multiple risk factors do not increase the risk in an additive manner, but rather in an exponential manner. A diet low in important nutrients can reduce the ability of the immune system to fight infections, therefore making it easier for dental plaque to cause gum disease. Combined with an existing gum disease problem, teeth grinding and clenching can cause the faster destruction of periodontal tissues. While some risk factors can be eliminated or modified, others cannot such as genetics. However, age is only one of the risk factors of periodontal disease. Risk factors are defined as “any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury.”9World Health Organization. Start studying Risk factors for Periodontal Disease. A number of risk factors and models have been identified that can help clinicians develop a personalized periodontal treatment plan for every patient. The most common risk factors for developing gum disease are: Several studies indicate that may persons have a predisposal to gum disease. Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency 9. A diet rich in sugars or acids can provide the suitable environment for bacterial overgrowth, promoting gum disease. Periodontal Disease Risk Factors. Smoking 2. Not only does that appointment rid your teeth and gums of harmful bacteria, the visit also allows you to ask your dental team about your own risk factors for gum disease. In fact, 70.1% of adults65 years and older have periodontal disease. Certain factors increase the risk for periodontal disease: 1. Stress is linked to many serious conditions such as hypertension, cancer, and numerous other health problems. Clenching or grinding teeth can put the supporting tissues of the teeth under excessive force, damaging the periodontal ligament structures. These hereditary causes of gum disease involve several immune system defects that reduce the body’s ability to fight the anaerobic bacteria responsible for causing plaque and periodontal disease. Substance abuse 7. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Any rise in the female hormones level makes women during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and those using oral contraceptives more susceptible to gum diseases. Socioeconomic Factors. Factors that increase the risk of disease include smoking, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, family history, and certain medications. Obesity 8. Tobacco’s negative effects on periodontal health are well documented. Following publication of that article, Page and Martin20 introduced the Or… Taking medications that cause dry mouth 10. K Post Graduate Mamata Dental College 2. This risk may be as high as 7 to 20 %. The inflammation of the gums in combination with poor oral hygiene can cause severe periodontal disease. In contrast, a longitudinal study involving an elderly Scandinavian population (age 75 or older) demonstrated stable periodontal … The aging process itself is suggested to be an independent risk factor for periodontal diseases (Papapanou et al., 1989). The information contained in the DentalDiseases.org Site, such as text, images, and other material is provided for informational purposes only. If you are at risk for periodontal disease, your dental office may refer you to a periodontist in Central PA who can help you reduce risk and improve your oral health. by either contributing to the formation of bacterial plaque or/and by reducing the body’s ability to respond to bacterial infections. Diabetes 3. Genetics 10. Risk factors and risk assessment of periodontal disease. Trisha O`Hehir, RDH, BS. 2002;29:177-206. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0757.2002.290109.x. Another common gums problem during pregnancy are the so called ‘pregnancy tumors’, large red lumps formed on inflamed gum tissue near the gum line. Researchers have found periodontal bacteria in … Ce… Other factors increasing the risk of developing periodontal … 2013;62:59–94. Periodontal disease is considered a disease of the poor. Although men and women of all ages suffer from the condition, there are certain factors that can dramatically raise your risk of developing periodontal disease. High levels of progesterone increase the blood flow and fluid retention of the gingival tissues causing swelling, irritation and tenderness of the gums. Initiation and progression of periodontal infections are clearly modified by local and systemic conditions called risk factors. Hormonal changes (sometimes caused by pregnancy or menopause) 2. Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease Several conditions can increase the susceptibility to periodontal disease, by either contributing to the formation of bacterial plaque or/and by reducing the body’s … Poor oral hygiene 4. In presence of any of these risk factors, extra care must be taken including careful oral hygiene and regular dental visits in order to avoid the development of periodontal diseases. Viewed globally, the oral-health care professions face only two adversaries: dental caries and periodontal disease. Your dentist can help you identify your risk factors and offer ways to reduce them. Genco RJ, Borgnakke WS. The gums become so loose that the outer layers can be easily rubbed away. Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease Many risk factors increase the likelihood of periodontal disease development, as well as the severity and speed at which it may occur. Implants in function for a significant number years can develop peri-implantitis. Poor oral hygiene due to morning sickness, and increased vomiting that irritates gums can further worsen the problem. Modifiable risk factors are usually environmental or behavioral in nature, whereas non-modifiable risk factors are usually intrinsic to the individual and therefore can not be easily changed. Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease: Review of the Literature Yousef A. AlJehani Dental Health Department, Colleg e of Applied Medical Sciences, K ing Saud University, P .O. Global risk factors and risk indicators for periodontal diseases. Gum Disease Risk Factors. … If you have a number of risk factors, call us to schedule an appointment. 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