The total number of Hindus in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168 which forms 87.58% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168[2] which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. [43] K. A. Nilakanta Sastri (1963:57-58) thinks that Pallavas adopted the Ganesa motif from Chalukyas. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. She is the foremost among the Dasa Mahavidyas, ten fierce Tantric goddesses.[70]. These gods are primarily worshipped through festivals throughout the year, during important occasions like harvest or sowing time. Expats comprise over 20% of the Tamil Nadu population, with the most coming from Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Myanmar. As per, 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20.01% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. It reads "Ayanappa; a shrine to Cattan." Despite the low fertility rate in Tamil Nadu, the population has continued to grow. It eventually conquered the entire Tamil country (c. 1370 CE). While it has an industrial core … According to the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu has 87.6% Hindus, 6.1% Christians, and 5.9% Muslims, 0.1% Jains, and 0.3% other religions or no religion. [19] As of 1987, there were a total of 15 Shiva temples under the control of the adheenam. Thanks for A2A. The Nemili Town Panchayat has population of 10,806 of which 5,423 are males while 5,383 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. The population sex ratio for Tamil Nadu has increased from 974 females per 1,000 males in 1991 to 986 in 2001. [47] The cult of Skanda disappeared during the 6th century and was predominantly expanded during late 7th century Pallava period - Somaskanda sculptured panels of the Pallava period stand as a testament. It is an active centre of Saiva Siddantha philosophy. [74] It was founded in 1925 by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy (also known as Periyar) in Tamil Nadu, India. The following are the cities in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, which have a population of 1 lakh and above (city / corporation area only). Tamil Nadu has the lowest fertility rate in India of 1.7%, which is below the rate required for population sustainability. It is sometimes referred to as henotheistic (i.e., involving devotion to a single god while accepting the existence of others), but any such term is an overgeneralization. Dept. The Ramanathapuram Municipality has population of 61,440 of which 30,904 are males while 30,536 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. The Nayaks of Madurai and Nayaks of Thanjavur were most prominent of them all in the 17th century. Ltd., New Delhi, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMichaels2004 (, Hinduism: Beliefs and Practices, by Jeanne Fowler, pgs. Tamil Nadu has a total population of 81.5 million, making it the seventh most populous state in India. Subsequent to this defeat, many incompetent kings succeeded to the throne of Vijayanagara with the result that its grip loosened over its feudatories among whom the Nayaks of Madurai and Tanjore were among the first to declare their independence, despite initially maintaining loose links with the Vijayanagara kingdom. The Nemili city is divided into 15 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. [39] The lingam is the principal deity in most Shiva temples in South India. There are 32 districts, 216 Taluks, 15979 villages and 1109 towns in Tamil Nadu. Because the Kalabhras gave protection to Jains and perhaps Buddhists, too, some have concluded that they were anti-Hindu, although this latter view is disputed. Tamil Nadu recorded a population of 72,147,030, growing by 97.4 lakh persons in the last decade, of which 80.1 per cent are literates, according to the 2011 census. Tamil Nadu has a total population of 81.5 million, making it the seventh most populous state in India. Sudalai Madan or Madan, is a regional Tamil male deity who is popular in South India, particularly Tamil Nadu. [3], The Cholas who were very active during the Sangam age were entirely absent during the first few centuries. Vishnu is either worshipped directly or in the form of his ten avatara, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. [59] All temples in the Thygaraja cult have images of Somaskandar as Thyagarajar - though iconographically similar, they are iconologically different. [3] The Sangam poetry divided space and Tamil land into five allegorical areas and according to the Tirumurugarruppatai (circa 400-450 A.D.) attributed to the great Sangam poet Nakkiirar, Murugan was the presiding deity of the Kurinci region (hilly area). [58] It is the form of Shiva where he is accompanied by Skanda the child and Paravati his consort[59] in sitting posture. Hinduism in Tamil Nadu finds its earliest literary mention in the Sangam literature dated to the 5th century BCE. Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu Let women rule for 2.5 years: Tamil Nadu Deputy CM Panneerselvam Tamil Nadu The Hindu announces Margazhi competition for young Indian classical musicians From 2001 to 2011, Tamil Nadu’s population grew 15.6%, and currently adds about 1.2 million people to its population every year. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு) is one of the states in India.The capital of this state is Chennai. Tamil Nadu has a large agriculture industry as the largest producer of bananas, flowers, tapioca, and turmeric in India. The city is both a populous urban area and a beach city. (estimated). In the early 18th century, the eastern parts of Tamil Nadu came under the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of the Carnatic. Name Status Pathway to God through Tamil literature, Volume 1. 'Advanced History of India', K.A.Nilakanta Sastri (1970)p. 181-182, Allied Publishers Pvt. Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, atheism, agnosticism, gnosticism among others;[33][34][35][36] and its concept of God is complex and depends upon each individual and the tradition and philosophy followed. "[9] As the Vijayanagara Empire went into decline after mid-16th century, the Nayak governors, who were appointed by the Vijayanagar kingdom to administer various territories of the empire, declared their independence. [51][52][53] The form is present in most Shiva temples in South India, and is the main deity in the famous temple at Chidambaram. In 2018, the state population was recorded to be 80,351,195. of Modern Indian History; St. Paul's Press Training School, 1964. The total muslim population 4.2 million is … He is worshiped as a family deity in most Shaivite families. This list is based on the 2011 census conducted by Government of India. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning Tamil country. (1971). The Kanchi Matha serves as the foremost smartha institution in the state, Kanchi Matha's official history states that it was founded by Adi Sankara of Kaladi, and its history traces back to the fifth century BCE. Perumal and his consort Lakshmi are represented in various forms or avatars in Perumal temples in Tamil Nadu. Murugan (Tamil: முருகன்) also called Kartikeya, Skanda and Subrahmanya, is more popular in South India especially among Tamil people famously referred as Thamizh Kadavul (God of Tamils). Architecturally when there are separate shrines dedicated to the utsava(festival deity) of Somaskanda, they are called Thyagaraja shrines. [20], Parakala Mutt was the first monastery of the Sri Vaishnava sect of Brahmin Hindu society. The hero stones are dated to the 3rd century C.E. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. Erode Population, Caste, Working population Data of Erode in Erode district, Tamil Nadu. Population density of Tamil Nadu increased from 259 people per square kilometer in 1961 to 555 people per square kilometer in 2011 growing at an average annual rate of 13.76%. The saivite saints have revered 276 temples in Tevaram and most of them are in Tamil Nadu on both shores of river Cauvery. The state covers an area of 130,058 km sq. The city has a rapid growth rate of approximately 17.8%. Christians and Muslims grew by … [12] Most of them came from the Tamil region and the last of them lived in the 9th century CE. The second-largest city in Tami Nadu by population is Coimbatore with approximately 2.7 million people and a population density of 601 people per square kilometer. Vaippu Sthalangal are a set of 276 places having Shiva temples that were mentioned casually in the songs in Tevaram. This revival was short-lived as the Pandya capital of Madurai itself was sacked by Alauddin Khalji's troops under General Malik Kafur in 1316 CE.[8]. The population is also comprised of various indigenous communities. Narasimhavarman II built the Shore Temple which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 18524982 households, population of 72147030 of which 36137975 are males and 36009055 are females. Kanchan Sinha, Kartikeya in Indian art and literature, 1979, Delhi: Sundeep Prakashan. [63], Bhairava is one of the eight forms of Shiva, and translation of the adjectival form as "terrible" or "frightful". Rank Name District Population 2011 1 … [48], Lingothbhavar or emergence of linga, found in various puranas as a symbol of Shiva, augments the synthesis of the old cults of pillar and phallic worship. The population development of the State of Tamil Nādu by census years. Only four States among those with a population exceeding 20 million in 2001 - Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Punjab - report a decline in population sex ratios between 1991 and 2001. There are many Mathas (meaning monastic institutions) and temples based out of Tamil Nadu. Appar, one of the early Saivite saint of the 7th century, gives evidence of this knowledge of puranic episodes relating to Lingothbhavar form of Shiva while Tirugnana Sambandar refers this form of Shiva as the nature of light that could not be comprehended by Brahma and Vishnu. [67] From the Chola period (9th century C.E) onwards the popularity of Aiyanar-Shasta became even more pronounced. Tamil Nadu is a well-developed state in South India known for its Hindu temples. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. As per the Census India 2011, Namakkal Taluk has 148468 households, population of 541488 of which 272644 are males and 268844 are females. Hinduism is mentioned in the Tamil Sangam literature dated to the 5th century BCE. As per the 2011 census, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu, which is roughly six percent of the state’s population. When India became independent in 1947, Madras Presidency became Madras State, comprising present day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. [44] During the 7th century, Vatapi Ganapati idol was brought from Badami (Vatapi - Chalukya capital) by Hinduism is the largest religion in Tamil Nadu. [18] The adheenam is the hereditary trustee of four temples in Thanjavur District. Tâmil Nadu [1] (em tâmil: தமிழ்நாடு, "Terra dos Tâmeis", t̪ɐmɨɻ n̪aːɽɯ) é um dos 28 estados da Índia.A sua capital e maior cidade é Chennai (antigamente chamada de Madras ou, em português, Madrasta). Paranjothi, the general of Pallavas who defeated Chalukyas. Of the three cities, Madurai has the highest population density of 823 people per square kilometer. The development of Hinduism grew up in the temples and mathas of medieval Tamil Nadu with self-conscious rejection of Jain practises. These classes in turn are grouped into social groups especially in rural areas. [69], Kālī (Tamil: காளி) is the Hindu goddess associated with power, shakti. Encyclopedia International, by Grolier Incorporated Copyright in Canada 1974. Ganesha, also spelled Ganesa or Ganesh, also known as Ganapati, Vinayaka and Pillaiyar (Tamil: பிள்ளையார்), is one of the deities best-known and most widely worshipped in the Hindu pantheon. Tamil Nadu, state of India, located in the extreme south of the country. [22][23][24] Athivan Sathakopa, a Vadakalai Brahmin,[25] who was a great grand disciple of Vedanta Desika[26][27] and a sishya of Brahmatantra Swatantra Jiyar of Parakala Mutt,[28] founded and established the Muth, based on the Pancharatra tradition. Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Thanjavur and Thoothukudi are other large cities of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has the largest number of international airports in India and the largest bus terminal in Asia. Tamil Nadu is one of state in India with population of 72147030. The capital is Chennai, in the northeastern portion of the state. While Wallajah was supported by the English, Chanda Shahib was supported by the French by the middle of the 18th century. Madurai is Tamil Nadu’s third-largest city with a population of 1.7 million people. The Cholas went on to becoming a great power. The Hindu temples were kept intact during this period, and there is no notable destruction recorded. Tamil Nadu has a sex ratio of 996 females to 1000 males. The twelve Azhwars (saint poets of Vaishnavite tradition) and sixty-three Nayanmars (saint poets of Shaivite tradition) are regarded as exponents of the bhakti tradition of Hinduism in South India. The religious history of Tamil Nadu is influenced by Hinduism quite notably during the medieval century. [50], Nataraja or Nataraj, The Lord (or King) of Dance; (Tamil: கூத்தன் (Kooththan)) is a depiction of the Hindu god Shiva as the cosmic dancer Koothan who performs his divine dance to destroy a weary universe and make preparations for god Brahma to start the process of creation. The Mutt was first established by Brahmatantra Swatantra Jeeyar, a disciple of SriVedanta Desika by 1268 A.D. It is located two blocks from the huge Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, one of the most famous Siva-Shakthi shrines in the world. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. The saint Appar was involved in Uzhavatru padai, a cleaning and remodification initiative of dilapidated Shiva temples. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Tamil Nadu, 48.4% people lived in urban regionswhile 51.6% in rural areas. The city is known for being entrepreneurial and is one of the quickest developing urban zones in India. Madurai is one of the oldest urban regions in the world and currently serves as one of the centers for industry and education in South Tamil Nadu. Contents: Subdivision. [78], The examples and perspective in this article, Rule of Nawabs, Nizams and British (1692–1947), Some of the famous Hindu pilgrimage sites in Tamil Nadu. Local legend states the Tamil word Pillayar splits into Pillai and yaar meaning who is this son, but scholars believe it is derived from the Sanskrit word pulisara meaning elephant. For description of the form as representing teaching functions, see: Kramrisch, p. 472. As of 1987, there were a total of 27 Shiva temples under the control of the adheenam. In terms of religion, an overwhelming majority of Tamil Nadu’s population are Hindus. Tirupati Balaji was a Buddhist shrine, Sanjivan Publications, 1991, "Vadakalai Srivaishnava Festivals' Calendar - The source mentions Pancharatra & Munitraya Krishna Jayantis celebrated by Ahobila Mutt & Andavan Ashrams respectively". The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168 which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. The total number of Tamil Hindus as per 2011 Indian census is 63,188,168[10] which forms 87.58% of the total popualation of Tamil Nadu. Hinduism is the largest religion of Tamil Nadu. Other sources give the place of his death as Kedarnath in the Himalayas.[16][17]. To propiate these gods, the villagers make sacrifices of meat (usually goats) and arrack, which is then shared among all the village. Brihadeshwara Temple in Thanjavur is a classical example of the magnificent architecture of the Chola kingdom. Warrior of Madurai) is a Tamil folk deity popular in southern Tamil Nadu. Kālī is represented as the consort of Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing. three of the parties emerged prominent - Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) among Vanniyar, Puthiya Tamilagam among Devendrar and Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi among Paraiyar polled 12 percent vote in the 1999 Loksabha elections. [40] Pallavas propagated Somaskanda as the principal form of worship, slightly deviating from the Shaiva agamas; Cholas being strict shaivas, established lingams in all the temples.[41]. Population details. Bagchi & Co., 1998, Pg.105 The Temple of Lord Varadaraja, Kanchi: a critical survey of Dr. K. V. Raman's Sri Varadarajaswami Temple, Kanchi, Pg.36 Hindu and Muslim religious institutions, Andhra Desa, 1300-1600; New Era, 1984, Pg.18 Śrī Vedānta Deśika - By Mudumby Narasimhachary, Sāhitya Akādemī. It was under him that Dravidian architecture reached its peak with the Pallava built Hindu temples. This is followed by another inscription in Uraiyur near Tiruchirapalli which is dated to the 4th century C.E. He is considered to be the son of Shiva and Parvati. He is the patron deity of the Tamil land (Tamil Nadu). The population development in Tamil Nadu as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). [57], Somaskanda derives from Sa (Shiva) with Uma (Parvathi) and Skanda (child Murugan). Nemili is a Town Panchayat city in district of Vellore, Tamil Nadu. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. With a total human count of 76 million people, Tamil Nadu is one of the well developed states of South India. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6370 which is 10.37 % of total population of Ramanathapuram (M). This is true of most States. These deities are primarily worshipped by the non-Brahmin castes. [63] Somaskanda was the principal deity during Pallava period replacing lingam, including the temples at Mahabalipuram, a UNESCO world heritage site. Tamil is the official state language, spoken by the majority of people, along with a number of smaller languages Kannada, Malayalam, and Telugu. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2016. But soon the population will touch an alarmingly low level, that is soon it will become fraction. She is associated with many other Hindu goddesses like Durga, Bhadrakali, Sati, Rudrani, Parvati and Chamunda. By the 9th century CE, during the times of the second Chola monarch Aditya I, his son Parantaka I, Parantaka Chola II itself the Chola empire had expanded into what is now interior Andhra Pradesh and coastal Karnataka, while under the great Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose as a notable power in south Asia. The earliest reference to Aiynar-Shasta includes two or more hero stones to hunting chiefs from the Arcot district in Tamil Nadu. But they have not change their religion legally as they will lose benefit of reservation. Notes: a. The Mutt got the name "Parakala" by the grace of Tirumangai Alvar also known as Parakalan. In Chola times Bhairava is referred as Bikshadanar, a mendicant, and the image can be found in most Chola temples.[65]. Hinduism is the largest religion in Tamil Nadu. 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