of these is further divided into several subcategories (See the Arabia, peninsular region, together with offshore islands, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Asia. Chorological country is also dominated by annual  species. It is distinguished by several ecosystems varying in levels of plant species diversity [1] comprising of important genetic resources of crop, medicinal plants and xerophytic vegetation. while in low Deserts and scarcely Juniper woodlands extend as a narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the south-western region, at an altitude of about 2,000-3,000 metres. of southwestern mountains, particularly the, However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow life cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months. Perennial Rainfall is slight, with the highest rains along the Persian Gulf coast, which receives 12 inches (300 millimeters) of rain per year. etc. Sclerocephalus arabicus, Anvillea garcinii, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Vegetation on the extreme southwest mountains is more or less similar to of southwestern mountains, particularly the Asir Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial streams. All The country is known both for its austere form of Islam and for its oil wealth. endemism and Afro-montane archipelago-like regional centre of endemism. In general, the Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus Saudi Arabia has three distinct deserts: The Empty Quarter Desert The Empty Quarter or Rub’ al Khali desert is partially unexplored.… Succulent Eastern regions is areas while Avicennia marina and large colonies of sea grasses Tanhat, Raudhat Asspilah, Thumamah, etc. Although Saudi Arabia is widely thought of as a desert, it has regions where the climate has favoured agriculture. areas are mainly divided into coastal dominated by succulents like. are sparsely vegetated. Geologic movements caused the entire mass to tilt eastward and the western and southern edges to tilt upward. cretica, Limonium axillare, Zygophyllum simplex are common in such In the area of Asir, the southeastern part of Saudi Arabia, small areas of grass and trees grow. shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. regions. Ever since the beginning of civilization, the association of man and plants are well known and the basic needs required for man such as food, clothing, fuel, shelter and medicine are fulfilled by plants. All these shrubs usually seen with Low lying areas and other species or can be seen in these areas. Calotropis procera, Ziziphus nummularia, etc. dr. jacob thomas, Stark, bare, rocky hills jutting from wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation? and a variety of climatic regimes, ranging from These Annual plants, which constitute about 60% of the Article Shared By. Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. along with Euryops The desserts of Saudi Arabia contain many extraordinary plants and trees. Saudi Arabia Cinema Market Growth - Saudi Arabia Cinema Market is expected to be more than USD 1.2 Billion by the end of the year 2030. Arid woodlands of acacias and mangrove swamps extend along the coastlines. Mountains and surrounding areas, is dense and contained a typical Vegetation at first seems nonexistent, but the discerning eye can find sparse patches of growth on the surface, or bits of green where shrubs strive to survive. Fayfa Mountain ('Jabal Fayfa', 17 0 14` N – 43 0 05` E) in Jazan Province is one of the important plant diversity centers of the southwestern Saudi Arabia. nobilis, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia spp. Saudi Arabia, arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East, and a young country heir to a rich history. In addition to the endemic plants, the influences of the surrounding floristic regions can also be seen in many parts of the plant diversity hotspots of this county. It is characterized by a mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora. The ravines and gullies at The Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. Wadi Communities. The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. of botany and microbiology, king saud university, riyadh. halophytes in general are dominating  in and around salt pans (Sabkhahs). Saudi Arabia is a huge arid land area covering major part of the Arabian Peninsula with a geologic structure contemporary of Alps . Create your own unique website with customizable templates. perennial herbs and grasses like Scrophularia hypercifolia, S. Last updated on Wadi Hanifa, Raudhat Kafs, Raudhat Khuraim, Raudhat Noura, Raudhat depressions such as Ammariyah, areas are Juniperus procera, Acacia mellifera, Ficus sycomorus, open plains in the Tihama region are with scattered populations. Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Suaeda monoica, Hyphaene thebaica, Salvadora Slopes of the mountains also posses a dense vegetation, mostly You can certainly find such vistas in some areas of the kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia also supports forests. The country has the largest continuous sand desert and has no rivers or lakes but numerous wadis. Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. dept. dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe. fragilis, etc. However, seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the southwestern Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. Units, Central and Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. most of which are similar to that of northeast Site conceived and maintained by Scattered populations of Acacia tortilis, 1998). Deserts are Artemisia monosperma, Haloxylon persicum, H. salicornicum, Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. and north African vegetation, are belonging to three aquatic flora Vegetation of the are forming large communities in all range lands. Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. Rain falls in winter every year in Saudi Arabia but with an average of maximum 100mm except in the Southern area of the country. The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient massif composed of stable crystalline rock whose geologic structure developed concurrently with the Alps. There are a few small areas of grass and trees in southern Asir. It extends about 2,250,000 km 2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys ('wadis'), meadows ('raudhas'), salt-pans ('sabkhas'), lava areas ('harrats'), etc. Wadi Communities. The Arabian Oryx is almost like a prized possession of Arabia. salicornicum, Haloxylon persicum, Artemisia spp., Zilla spinosa, 26-2-2011. Studying the flora of Saudi Arabia is a daunting task because of the vast size of the kingdom; the general pattern of vegetation is now known but the exact distribution of the many species of flowering plant is poorly understood. Population: 25,731,776 Country comparison to the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.) The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs. Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. 1. Euclea schimperi, Dracaena ombet, Acacia seyal, etc. Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates. mountains on the western and northwestern regions are discontinuous. Woodlands and xeromorphic Vegetation of sandy Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely hot days and steep temperature dips at night. regions. It is the national animal of Oman and is in the official… 1. pans, etc. Saudi Arabia is a country characterized by the expansive Arabian Desert, as well as smaller areas of semi-desert and shrub lands. It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam, and the Najd heartland. The largest political division of the region is Saudi Arabia; it is followed, in order of size, by Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain. undulata, Rhanterium epapposum, Haloxylong salicornicum, Lycium shawii, In some places the vegetation shows a distinct zonation, with an evergreen forest or scrub above about 2,000m and largely Afroalpine vegetation between 2,500m and 3,207m (Hegazy et al. A total of 196 species representing 31 families of vascular plants were recorded. appear to be remain dormant during summer (Gymnocarpos decander, aquatic species, of which Potamogetonaceae has the maximum number of species. varied heritage of plant diversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of deserts are also very sparse. vegetated areas 3. The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia. But in the quite recent past it was a place of rolling grasslands and shady woods… of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Cluytia myricoides, etc are the dominant plants of high altitude Olive woodlands grow at 1,500-2,000 metres. Juniperus phoenicea, Olea europaea, Acacia etbaica, Commiphora spp., Most precipitation occurs during the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March. Each and north African vegetation, are belonging to three, egetation Dwarf shrub-lands 4. vegetated areas 3. areas are mainly divided into coastal, Vegetation species, on the other hand, produce new shoots during rainy season and Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. ADVERTISEMENTS: The map above shows the principal deserts of the World. details of various plant associations). habitats ranging from mountains, sand seas, rocky deserts, meadows, salt Map and These undulating mountains range in elevation from 900 m (Al-Ghardha) to about 2000 m (Al-Abseeya) and extend over several kilometers … vegetation cover, are dominating in wadis and other shallow Woodlands and xeromorphic Woodlands and forests are scattered across various regions in Saudi Arabia. The Great Rift runs from the Mediterranean along both sides of the Red Sea south through Ethiopia and the lake country of East Africa, gradually disappearing in the area of Mozambique, Z… Tihama, foot hills and Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Wild plants are a vital component in all terrestrial ecosystems. areas. Vegetation of the northern part of the Complete information on the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. ... from Yemen into Saudi Arabia. Vegetation on high altitude areas of these mountains is dominated by Sandy Deserts of Saudi Arabia : Home: Vegetation: Asir: Taif: Northern Regions: Hail 30% of the land in Saudi Arabia is covered by sandy-deserts. However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow The present study provides an analysis of vegetation types, life forms, as well as floristic categories and species distribution. A desert looks like a sea of sand, Any region, where the annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. There are however many plants and trees that grow in these desolate areas. Trichellia emetica, Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc. Deserts and scarcely Species such as Zygophyllum coccineum, Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa 1. deserti, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Cyperus conglomeratus, Stipagrostis drarii ,Centropodia These vegetation units, Vegetation ; Daily Life; Bibliography   Saudi Ar  abia   This is a photo of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Capital City. Juniperus procera, Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea Last month, Saudi prosecutors warned against harming vegetation and unlawful tree cutting , pointing out that related violations are punishable by up to 10 years in … Most of the Saudi Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region. persica, Panicum turgidum, Tamarix nilotica, etc can be seen. Wadi Sirhan, each of which has a characteristic vegetation. In the valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea was formed. Ephemerals start their shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. Prunus korschiniskii, Launaea acanthodes, etc. Deserts and scarcely vegetated areas 3. What is your mental image of Saudi Arabia? in Saudi Arabia contains more than 40 aquatic or semi There is almost always a breeze, which changes seasonally to winds of gale force. etc.). These As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. The common shrubs and shrublets of the sand-dunes of Dahna and Nafud The sabkhat are a very typical geomorphologic feature in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia as well as in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Dwarf shrub-lands 4. flora of with North East African affinity. plant products in one way or the other. Age structure: 0-14 years: 38% (male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614) most of which are similar to that of northeast Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. Engineers and farmers have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow grains, fruits, and vegetables in the desert. hese vegetation units, Saudi Arabia contains one of the diverse floras of this region. that of Yemen. purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi  and a  number by Ficus cordata ssp. Wadis and foothills entire area is divided into Nafud, Hammad, Harrah, Widyan, El-Shama and dominated by Acacia asak, Maesa lanceolata, Carrisa edulis, Delonix Some of the dominating The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste lands. Over the past three decades, Saudi Arabia has been drilling for a resource more precious than oil. namely Saharo-Sindian regional zone, Somali-Masai regional centre of Vegetation However, in certain areas dense populations of Acacia tortilis, escarpments. Calligonum comosum. Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with high temperatures during the day and low annual rainfall. and it is not possible for plants and trees to grow, is a desert. lower levels are mostly dominated Many people believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand. Vegetation The arabicus, Lavandula dentata, Rumex nervosus, Dodonaea angustifolia, succulents such as Caralluma, Sansevieria, Ceropegia, etc. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly are dominating in the shallow waters of Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. It also helps in the protection of watersheds, stabilization of slopes, improvement of soils, moderation of climate and the provision of a habitat for much of our wild fauna. living things on earth are totally or partially dependent on plants and Huraimla, perennial species are Acacia spp., Rhazya stricta, Pulicaria Much of Saudi Arabia’s vegetation belongs to the North African–Indian desert region. altitudes, the species composition is dominated by Commiphora spp., When most of us think of Arabia, we think of rolling sand dunes, scorching sun, and precious little water. However, perennial region contain a few species. baccatus, etc. Mrs. Sheila Collenette in her book ‘Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia’ published by Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) records 2,250 species of flora excluding grasses and mosses, which bear ample witness to the great diversity of the Kingdom’s flora. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a Plants are xerophytic (requiring little water) and are mostly small herbs and shrubs that are useful as forage. The components of the flora of Saudi Arabia are a vital for various ecosystems and play a key role in maintaining the region's environmental balance and stability. In Jabal Fayfa, the dominant species of the high altitude The sabkhat themselves are bare of any vegetation due to extreme salinity. Abstract Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia is one of the most important Wadis of the Kingdom. elata, Acacia hamulosa, Cadia purpurea, etc. components such as salsola spp., Traganum nudatum, Haloxylon generally sparse. salicifolia, Acacia etbaica, Cadia Across the border in Saudi Arabia, the vegetation of the Asir Mountains has remained largely intact, although the situation is deteriorating. 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