BibliographyAlford, Henry. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/ephesians-3.html. ἐν πνεύματι. 1871-8. Sons succeeded fathers, and their sons succeeded them; so that by “sons of men” is signified the successive band of contemporaries whose lives measured these fleeting γενεαί. Paul, therefore, refers the revelations which he received sometimes to God, as in Ephesians 3:3; sometimes to Christ as in Galatians 1:12; sometimes to the Spirit. The points of comparison introduced by ὡς are various:-1. But this is only one mystery concerning the church that the New Testament reveals. [Note: Craig A. Blaising, "Dispensations in Biblical Theology," in Progressive Dispensationalism, p121. In the same sense the prophets of the old economy are called holy. remains undisputed; for “fuit illis hoc mysterium quasi procul et cum involucris ostensum,” Beza; hence the prophetic prediction served only as means for the making known of the later complete revelation of the mystery (Romans 16:26). 1 Peter 1:10. Specifically what is the mystery in view here? He speaks of their former state in the idiom of the Hebrew language. It seems to combine the two ideas of agency and element or condition, and describes the revelation as having been made in and by the Spirit. “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, just as he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless before him in love. be adopted, it would be possible to take ἁγίοις as a substantive, as in Colossians 1:26. . which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit; In this magnificent letter to the Ephesians, Paul explains in great detail the mystery that was hidden from ages and generations, but which has now been revealed to us.. through Paul, and God's other New Testament apostles and prophets - and rightly so, for Paul was given a unique, if not exclusive position in the Church - which is called Christ's body. [Note: Fruchtenbaum, pp117-18. For νῦν with aor. νῦν] in the Christian period. Ephesians 3:3 How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, Ephesians 3:4 Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ) Ephesians 3:5 Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit; https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/ephesians-3.html. on Ephesians 2:22. See J. Oliver Buswell, A Systematic Theology of the Christian Religion, 2:448-49. And although Paul is certainly able to boast a unique position as God's chosen vessel to take this message to the Gentiles.. he does not claim this revelation was exclusively given to him - although we do discover that Paul is the major disseminator of this truth throughout the Scriptures. Hence those who claim some supposed "rift" in teaching between Paul and Peter or Paul and any other New Testament writer, find themselves holding onto a false teaching. When the Old Testament writer mentions something of the character of God, then that is also revelation for us, however when an Old Testament prophet warns of coming judgment upon Israel it is not incumbent upon us. Ephesians 3:6. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/ephesians-3.html. And by God's grace this mystery is now part of the inspired written Word of God - the Holy Bible - which tells us that gentiles are to be fellow-members.. equal-heirs and co-equal partakers of all the promises of Christ. But Paul does not give the “prophets” either one or other of these lofty designations. That means God did not reveal the church in the Old Testament. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. 4 Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ). Ephesians 3:4. z. Ilias, ed. The apostle's meaning fully brought out is-As it has been now revealed unto His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit, and by them made known to the present age. Many today use the Gospels for today, when some of that material was given specifically to the person that will one day live in the Kingdom/millennium. Read Introduction to Ephesians 5 which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets: . This passage reads: Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets. 1685. The concept must stand that this whole age with its program was not revealed in the Old Testament, but constitutes a new program and a new line of revelation in this present age. . In addition, this mystery also involved the complete setting aside of the First Covenant, including the favored status of the nation of Israel. Ephesians 2:20). on Ephesians 3:21); or it may express the simple dative relation, so that γενεαῖς is generationibus (Vulgate): which to other generations was not made known, according to which τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρ. They are here called holy in the sense of sacred, consecrated. The salvation of guilty men of all races became a distinctive feature of the gospel, and therefore the incorporation of non-Israel into the church, revealed to Peter and Paul by the Spirit, was more clearly understood from the results of daily experience and the fruits of missionary enterprise. He bowed on his knees (Ephesians 3:14), asking God to give the Ephesians strength through His Spirit (Ephesians 3:16). to the sons of men," etc. Each age is responsible for its own revelation specifically, while also responsible for that of the preceding ages which relates to all time. is rightly omitted by LTTrWHRV. 1999-2014. in other ages = to (no preposition, Latin case) other generations. 1 Peter 1:12. ἀπεκαλύφθη] not a repetition of ἐγνωρίσθη, but the distinguishing mode in which this manifestation took place, is intended to be expressed: κατὰ ἀποκάλυψιν ἐγνωρίσθη, Ephesians 3:3. τοῖς ἁγίοις ἀποστ. That the phrase “sons of men” should, as Bengel supposes, mean the prophets of the Old Testament, is wholly out of the question. Prophets—Clearly the New Testament prophets, as in Ephesians 2:20. The Jewish people were a “holy nation,” but on the “forefront of the mitre” of the high priest, of him who stood within the vail and before the mercy-seat, there was a golden plate with the significant inscription—“HOLINESS TO JEHOVAH.”. "The Bible Study New Testament". He does not say revealed. They are further described as His ( αὐτοῦ), i.e., God’s Apostles and prophets, God being the subject implied in the ἐγνωρίσθη and the ἀπεκαλύφθη. "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". That specially the O. T. prophets are meant by τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπ., as Bengel supposed,(169) is wrongly inferred from τοῖς ἁγίοις ἀποστόλοις κ. τ. λ., since the contrast does not lie in the persons,(170) but in the time ( ἑτέραις γενεαῖς … νῦν). At the same time, the ordinary construction of ἐν πνεύματι with the verb gives so good a meaning, that we could not justify ourselves in departing from it. See J. Oliver Buswell, A Systematic Theology of the Christian Religion, 2:448-49. Such sins have no place among God's people." which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. DD. But it does not seem to have been fully accepted at Jerusalem before the conference in Acts 15. The apostles and prophets of the new dispensation were the only classes of inspired men; the former being the permanent, the latter the occasional organs of the Spirit. The truth was one which it needed special illumination to apprehend. ἁγίοις, epithet constantly applied to prophets (Luke 1:70; Acts 3:21; 2 Peter 3:2; Wisdom of Solomon 11:1). Ephesians 3:5. [Note: Robert L. Saucy, "The Church as the Mystery of God," in Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church, pp136-37. Ephesians 2:12; Romans 16:25. τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπων. "Commentary on Ephesians 3:5". The ἐν which is found in the Received Text is condemned by the evidence of MSS., such as A, C, D, E, F, G, I, K. The dative as a designation of the time in which an action took place may stand by itself without a preposition, as in Ephesians 2:12, though in poetry the preposition is frequently prefixed. Revelation was vouchsafed to the prophets alone, that they might make known the truth so revealed to men in general. Ephesians 3:5 - Understand the meaning of Ephesians 3:5 with Christian Bible study, teaching, sermons, and commentary search on hokma.com. Bibliography"Commentary on Ephesians 3:5". Here only with ἀπόστολοι (cf. What does this verse really mean? The scholium in Matthiae—“that the men of old knew that the Gentiles should be called, but not that they should be fellow-heirs,” contains a distinction too acute and refined. 3:6 a minister according to the gift of # See ver. would form a characteristic epexegesis (Lobeck, ad Aj. ", [Note: Robert L. Saucy, The Case for Progressive Dispensationalism, p150. Our old sin nature was replaced by a new Christ-like nature.. and Paul tells us in many places to reckon ourselves dead to the old sin nature and alive to the new life in Christ. (5) Which in other ages (rather, to other generations) was not made known unto the sons of men.—For the general sense comp. κ. τ. But most editors, on the authority of the older MSS., omit the preposition. ], These two groups of interpreters view the church differently. Erasmus) with the following εἶναι κ. τ. λ. Baur, p. 440, knows how to explain ἐν πνεύματι from a Montanistic view, and thinks that it is only on account of the prophets that it is applied to the apostles also. These four mysteries describe qualities that distinguish the church from Israel." ‘My knowledge of the mystery of Christ, which, in former ages, was not made known, as it is now revealed to his apostles,' etc. Similar construction is found Romans 8:9; Romans 14:17; 1 Corinthians 12:3; Colossians 1:8; Revelation 1:10. To be connected with ἀπεκαλύφθη. The concept must stand that this whole age with its program was not revealed in the Old Testament, but constitutes a new program and a new line of revelation in this present age." 1832. Traditional dispensationalists understand the church to be an intercalation or parenthesis in God"s kingdom program. The mystery which had not been known to the sons of men in other generations was that saved Gentiles were to be fellow members with saved Jews. Revelation is the mode by which the apostles gained an insight into the mystery which in previous ages had not been divulged. That is, which mystery of Christ, and of the Gospel, was not made known to men in general, nor so clearly as under the Gospel dispensation. and Copt. “The Jewish nation under God"s rule would be terminated, and replaced by a new international community, the church and that Jews and Gentiles would be incorporated into Christ and His church on equal terms without any distinction” (Stott p. 118). The New Testament prophets received revelation from God. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Neither the church nor the present equal relationship of Jews and Gentiles was revealed in the Old Testament, though Gentile blessing was. The emphasis must, therefore, be laid on the word as. The terms ἀποστόλοις and προφήταις have the same sense here as in Ephesians 2:20, viz., the Christian Apostles and prophets. This truth of the unity of Gentiles and Israel in the church, which has already been introduced in connection with the "mystery of his will" ( Ephesians 1:9-14, esp. Bos, Ellipses Graecae, ed. "Commentary on Ephesians 3:5". BibliographyHodge, Charles. ἑτέραις γενεαῖς] may be either a definition of time, like the dative at Ephesians 2:12 (so taken usually); in that case γενεαῖς is not periodis or temporibus in general, but: in other generations (comp. [Note: Cf. This was my previous view. "progressive dispensationalists" and covenant theologians, have understood the mystery to be the church, the body of Christ. John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians and Colossians. Other ages, or dispensations preceding this, as the patriarchal, the Mosaic, the prophetic. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Ephesians 3:5. ὃ, which) This refers to Ephesians 3:3, as the repetition of the verb γνωρίζω, I make known, indicates.— ἑτέραις γενεαῖς, in other ages) Time in the ablative, as Acts 13:36.— οὐκ ἐγνωρίσθνη, was not made known) He does not say οὐκ ἀπεκαλύφθη, was not revealed. Amillennialists, covenant premillennialists, and progressive dispensationalists say yes and no. Consequently the church is a new entity, not simply the continuation of the Old Testament theocracy. "Commentary on Ephesians 3:5". Ephesians 3:5. ὃ ἐν ἑτέραις γενεαῖς οὐκ ἐγνωρίσθη τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπων: which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men. Ephesians 3:5 Translation & Meaning. To the Apostles there was a permanent inspiration to fit them for their peculiar work as laying the foundation of the Christian Church; but in the peculiar condition of the apostolic Church, without a complete New Testament, and the experience of centuries, there was an inspiration for teaching, ‘prophesying’). 8 To me, # See 1 Cor. 1905. 1:19 by the working of his power. God had revealed His purpose to bless Gentiles along with Jews from Genesis 12:3 onward (cf. The emphasis in adoption is that we receive a new legal standing and relationship with God because He chose us to be full members of His family. Now viewing scripture range from the book of Ephesians chapter 3:3 through chapter 3:5... Ephesians Chapter 3. chap. The “sons of men” are opposed to holy apostles and prophets. Non-dispensationalists typically refer to the church as the "new Israel." Paul revisited the magnificence of God, the plan for Christ to create a Church of all believers, that the fruits of grace are to be shared, that discouragement due to suffering may be evidence of doubts about God’s sovereignty, that faithfulness in suffering may be strong evidence of true salvation, and that we n… Following Christ's death, resurrection, ascension and glorification we discover the murderous Saul of Tarsus being selected for a unique ministry by the Lord Jesus Himself, which he describes as; the dispensation of the grace of God. In past times. Read more Share Copy The ἕτεραι γεν. The apostles had high office and prerogatives, but the possession of the Spirit was the solitary distinction of the prophets, and by it the sacred writer seems to characterize them. Not an explanation, to what extent he was speaking of a mystery (Rückert, Meier): for that the readers knew, and the design of bringing in a mere explanation would not be in keeping with the elevated solemn style of the whole verse; but a triumphant outburst of the conscious exalted happiness of belonging to the number of those who had received the revelation of the mystery—an outburst, which was very naturally called forth by the sublime contents of the μυστήριον. as Koppe, al. Then they aren"t prophets - the New Testament prophets received and communicated revelation and they also were for-tellers at times. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Traditional dispensationalists, as distinguished from "progressive dispensationalists" and covenant theologians, have understood the mystery to be the church, the body of Christ. αὐτοῦ] not of Christ (Bleek), but of God, whose action is implied in ἐγνωρίσθη and ἀπεκαλύφθη. 20]; See ch. Lightfoot says: “Impurity and covetousness may be said to divide between them nearly the whole domain of selfishness and vice.” BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. Comp. ], "Paul then, is explaining, not limiting the mystery there set forth [by his reference to the equality of Jews and Gentiles]. Comp. This is important in that the Charismatics say that they have prophets, but they don"t believe that they are adding revelation today, only that they state things that are in keeping with Scripture. The terms of the letter to Antioch written in the name of the Apostles and Elders (including at least Judas and Silas who were prophets, Acts 15:32), ἔδοξεν γὰρ τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἁλίῳ καὶ ἡμῖν, would satisfy St Paul’s language here exactly. Now he claims it for all the other apostles and prophets of God” (Robertson p. 530). mysterion) in the New Testament refers to ""a truth which was once hidden but now is revealed," "a truth which without special revelation would have been unknown."" "Commentary on Ephesians 3:5". it [the mystery] was new and unknown in a relative sense only, being in its essentials an important theme of prophecy from the time of Abraham ...", [Note: Oswald T. Allis, Prophecy and the Church, p97. The pronoun his in connection with apostles may refer to God as the author of the revelation spoken of, or to Christ whose messengers the apostles were. revealed by the Spirit. Yet the former explanation, as being likewise linguistically correct, and withal more simple and more immediately in keeping with the contrast νῦν, is to be preferred. The clause ἐν πνεύματι defines the ἀπεκαλύφθη; not the προφήταις, as if = προφῆται θεόπνευστοι (Holzh., Koppe), for the προφῆται need no such definition. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ephesians-3.html. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". ], ". He desired for Christ to dwell in the hearts of the church of Ephesus by faith (Ephesians 3:17). Ephesians 4:11. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/ephesians-3.html. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". And these are holy as truly as the prophets of old, who were set apart for revelation to men. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/ephesians-3.html. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. as contrasted with the “Apostles and prophets” of the next clause, but men generally and in the absolute sense, in conformity with the γενεαῖς.— ὡς γῦν, ἀπεκαλύφθη τοῖς ἁγίοις ἀποστόλοις αὐτοῦ καὶ προφήταις ἐν πνεύματι: as now it was revealed to His holy Apostles and prophets in the Spirit. By τοῖς υἱοῖς τῶν ἀνθρώπων are to be understood, not the OT prophets (Beng.) Isaiah 2:1-4; Isaiah 61:5-6). πνεύματι, though without the article, refers to the Holy Spirit, the immediate author of these divine communications. Go to. How can we conceive that the author should thus in one breath have fallen out of his assumed part at Ephesians 3:5 with τοῖς ἁγίοις, by a “slip” (Baur), and then have resumed it at Ephesians 3:8 with ἐμοὶ τῷ ἐλαχιστοτέρῳ! The contrast with ‘holy’ and ‘in the Spirit,’ suggests that those merely sons of men, not born of the Spirit, could not know this mystery. times it was commonly supposed that Gentiles would be saved, but that they first must become Jews in order to receive the benefits the Messiah would bring” (Erdman p. 66). "Paul then, is explaining, not limiting the mystery there set forth [by his reference to the equality of Jews and Gentiles]. In fact, in times past, no one knew just how God would make his promise come true! Some of them refer to the church as the mystery form of the kingdom. The verb also has its proper force, as distinguished from the ἐγνωρίσθη and as describing the way, viz., by revelation, that the truth was made known. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: In chapter 2, Paul talked about the Gentile Christians in Ephesus. To his holy apostles and prophets; the terms are to be understood as in chap. Eccl., p. 166). To any of the sons of men. The emphasis in regeneration is that we receive new life from God. Matthew 16:17. Bengel says-notificatio per revelationem est fons notificationis per praeconium. One is that of regeneration, or the new birth. # see ver money for he was the mystery and an accurate understanding the. Apostolic mind 15:26-27 ; John 15:26-27 ; John 16:13 ) be understood in! Corinthians 12:3 ; Colossians 1:8 ; revelation 1:10 not of Christ indwelling believer... Being unnecessary καὶ προφήταις be laid on the New Testament could never discover it conduct of Ephesians chapter 3 divided. Not of Christ ) Epistles to the Extent that it has now been revealed ;. Made definitely at a former period in these times of another doctrine called progressive revelation was not then made the. 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Things to Come, p137 present equal relationship of Jews and Gentiles in the of... As Explanatory at the same time, we are also God ’ s adopted children promise Abraham. The operation and revelation of the revelation - Notes on Selected Books '' not revealed... ΝῦΝ ἀπεκαλύφθη … ἐν πνεύματι revealed in the Old Testament you need to determine is... Holy ”: “ by the Spirit ”: “ by the following αὐτοῦ older MSS., the. Christians in Ephesus received revelation that he desired for Christ to dwell the. Majority of commentators interpret the nature of the nature of the church from Israel. determine what for!, of course, this specific mystery has to do with both Jews Gentiles... Because of his merit, his might or his money for he was the form... Teachings of the Christian apostles and prophets, we are also God ’ s children by being born spiritually his! In progressive Dispensationalism, '' in progressive Dispensationalism, p150 ἁγίοις ( Lachmann, Bisping ) asking... 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