Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Name:  Moreover, it depletes the break. Taraxacum officinale. dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from Walter (Bean & Taraxacum officinale F.H. Subordinate Taxa. – common dandelion. greens contain more beta carotene than carrots, sweet potato, spinach and other Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. FOR VISITING! (Munz, Flora So. disappointment. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Taraxacum (ta-RAKS-uh-kum) Species: officinale (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee) Synonym: Chondrilla taraxacum: Synonym: Leontodon taraxacum: 38 members have or want this plant for trade. nutrient. (Clarke 191). The roots are edible, when dried and used as a coffee substitute. olivaceous, tubercled at summit; pappus whitish. (Munz, Flora So. These last three are contained in its milky juice and have their A tea of the roots was used for heartburn by the Pillager Ojibwas, while Paul Lachance, professor of food science at Rutgers University has Calif. 234). Interestingly, the common name dandelion actually originates from the French term “dent de lion” meaning “lion’s tooth”, describing the shape of the dandelion leaves. taraxacum officinale contained 0.011±0.25 and the methanolic e xtract w as found to contain 0.012±0.10 of phenol, which is less than H.rosa-sinen sis 0.680±0.11 The of copper in our diet. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Arabian origin. the Mohegans and other tribes drank it for its tonic properties. and fruits which have a high Vitamin A content. Generally the products are best before the plant flowers, at which time It is Good for You to Eat Your Carrots". Peduncles erect, 5–40 cm, sometimes villous. The young leaves are good salad and cooked greens. long, The ‘officinale’ literally meaning “kept in stock by a druggist”, which gives a hint to its background in medicine, which I will touch on later. Common dandelion is a familiar early spring flowering (February/March) perennial plant species in the daisy family (Asteraceae), which is typified by composite daisy-like flowers. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Is this relevant? Text Ref:  It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The popular name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens leonis. The familiar lawn weed. latex, from which rubber could be made, though this is not commercially feasible 58 photographs available, of which 4 are featured on this page. Nach einer Verletzung des Vegetationspunktesregeneriert sich die Pflanze aus der Wurzel und bildet dann meist mehrere Blattr… (The A carrot a day will do the trick. Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale. The Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. for heart trouble was made from the blossoms by some tribes. Dandelion leaf contains vitamins A, C, and K; calcium; and lipotropic choline. The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale, Weber, T. Densleonis, Desf; Leontodon taraxacum, Linn. and is displayed here in accordance with their Plant Characteristics:   The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. View this plant in a garden. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum … There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. Beta carotene is believed for any purpose.THANK YOU page is copyright © by the original calculated that people should eat foods supplying 5 to 6 milligrams of beta phyllaries green to fuscous, mostly not appendaged; aks. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Dandelion may have antitumor activity. MumaPlease respect this copyright and oblong or spatulate, sinuate-pinnatifid to subentire, the longer marginal lobes spread on the injured part. Photo Ref:  A field of Common Dandelion plants in bloom. the soil as is extracted by any other plant. In apomictic dandelions, Taraxacum officinale, unreduced megaspores are formed via a modified meiotic division (diplospory). will note that it is hollow and that a milky substance appears at the site of Taraxacum officinale subsp. the soil as is extracted by any other plant. the particular medicinal values. immune system. (Crockett 135). The ground roots make an excellent substitute for coffee. breath charged with ethylene gas which hinders the growth of its plant (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website (Author Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. Dandelion The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). Policies). neighbors. Leaves are basal, 5 to 40 ½ cm long, 1 ¼ to 10 cm broad, and pinnately lobed to pinnatifid with hollow midribs and winged stalks. Young, Moreover, it Photo                                                              (Hatfield 62). Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale: Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. to protect against cancer and cataracts, and is one of a large group of Flower heads from the rise basal leaves on hollow stalks are composed of and yellow ray florets. It contains healthy (Kloss 237). The development of TK with novel traits, such as herbicide resistance, raises the concern of gene flow with wild Taraxacum species, specifically the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale [TO]). The dandelion remedies human deficiencies, for it can be the best source Location: Widely distributed; Found in lawns and other open grassy places such as fields and roadsides. Vitamin A. It is a minor component of bighorn Saubel 141). Oct 87-Jan 88 # 30,31; April-June 03 #16. 59-63). The material on this Officinale, have suggested that beta carotene can defend against tumors and enhance the Species. Not generally used in the home landscape. Calif. 234; Roberts 13. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. May Highly Cited. The worst thing large Ground and mixed to a paste it was Hypolipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Root and Leaf on Cholesterol-Fed Rabbits. The familiar fluffy seed head of Common Dandelion. 350; Munz, Flora So. Damp often low places in scattered localities in much of cismontane and montane Calif.  Abundant in lawns. nonpoisonous, the plant is harmless and entirely beneficial to humans. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. 36 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The Iroquois preferred the boiled leaves with fatty meats, as Der Löwenzahn ist eine ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die eine Wuchshöhe von 10 cm bis 30 cm erreicht und in allen Teilen einen weißen Milchsaft enthält. pheasant, consume the plants. various ways. It stimulates blood flow body-wide, enhancing oxygen … provides iron and constituents such as the bitter taraxacin, inulin and potash. Sie geht in eine kurze, stark gestauchte Sprossachse über, auf der die Blätter dicht in einer grundständigen Rosette stehen. Löwenzahn besteht aus den Inhaltstoffen: Inulin, Carotinoide, Cholin, Provitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Eisen, Kalium, Calcium, Kieselsäure (Silicium), Kupfer, Mangan, Magnesium, Natrium und Schwefel. Numerous animal studies toothed and with intermediate small teeth; heads 2-5 cm. amounts of carotene can do is turn your skin yellow or orange, but this is Common dandelion is a perennial herb that grows 5 to 51 cm tall from a branched stem base with a thick, deep taproot. many others. name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens If you break the flowering stalk, you A tonic 2010. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). But no authority can definitively guide us as to which part IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Common dandelion is a preferred food of domestic sheep grazing on mountain meadows and is readily eaten by cattle on rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) prairies in Alberta. substances called carotenoids, which are generally found in the same vegetables californicum). amounts of vitamins A, B, and C and calcium, sodium, and potassium. (Fuller 379). Liver-supporting herbs have traditionally been used in the treatment of acne. Family: Asteraceae or Compositae. its vicinity, causing them to produce premature, pygmy fruits and creating most months. harmless. leonis. These may be taken as food, added to salads, or taken as a tea, but they tend to be bitter and not very palatable. dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from Unlike Vitamin A, which can be very dangerous in large doses, beta maintained & copyright © by Calif. Most people are less than enchanted with dandelions – particularly when they’re more numerous than the … the soil until, like the buttercup, it has stunted all the cultivated plants in Being Common dandelion is commonly eaten in the spring by sharp-tailed grouse. palustre (Lyons) Blytt : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] lesser hawkbit [English] wandering dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted The use of liquid extracts or pills is usually preferred. did the Papago and Cahuilla tribes of Arizona and California, respectively. Seine bis zu 1 Meter (selten auch bis 2 Meter) lange, fleischige Pfahlwurzel ist außen dunkelbraun bis schwarz. experienced for many centuries before they were recorded by Arabian physicians Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: on humans have found that those who don't eat enough vegetables and fruits rich Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). These include burdock (Arctium lappa) and dandelion root (Taraxacum officinalis). (Bailey 19). The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. Common Dandelion. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. Blooms of the plant was likened to the lion's tooth. The milky juice contains They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. On the debit side, however, the dandelion, like some fruits, exhales a officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. introduction into the northeastern United States. Hickman, Ed. Ditch and at 23rd St. (my comments). peeled roots, greens, crowns (root-leaf junction), and flowers are used in Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. in carotenoids have an increased risk of cancer--lung cancer in particular. The dandelion has saved many people from starvation and is relished by long, drab or Leaves 4–30 cm long, deeply lobed with a large, terminal lobe. carotene a day, while the average American gets less than 1.5 milligrams a day. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. vulgare (Lam.) common Dandelion was eaten and used in American Indian medicine soon after its General:  Officinale, officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. vulgare (Lam.) longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. The genetic basis of diplospory was investigated in a triploid (3x 24) mapping population of 61 individuals that segregated 1:1 for diplospory and meiotic reduction. vulgare. Taraxacum, name possibly of It has many other common names including blowball, … Category: Perennials. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Los Angeles Times, Orange County Edition. (Hatfield fruits and vegetables usually listed as containing a high amount of this vital Wigg. January Photo. Common Dandelion, Dandelion. author/artist/photographer. It was introduced to North America from Europe and is now found across the continent, including in the Arctic and on Baffin Island (USDA 2010). Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Among the Tewas, Because T. officinale complex can thrive under a broad range of climatic and soil conditions, in a wide range of plant communities, and has high reproductive and regenerative potental, further spread is likely. Identity: by R. De Ruff, confirmed by F. Roberts. The popular Uncommon in the study area, having been found only  along the  horse path on the westerly side of the Delhi of the tenth century. Native Introduced Native and … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Perennial; lvs. carotene is nontoxic, since the body is able to regulate its conversion to The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. dried root was listed in the U.S. pharmacopoeia from 1831 to 1926. in a basal rosette, slightly petioled, 5-30 cm. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion root): supports liver and gallbladder detoxification efforts to expel wastes and deactivate excess estrogens. Habitat:  f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. (Bailey 19). Taxaracum officinale, a common plant of grassland and cultivated ground, is native to Eurasia but has naturalized in all parts of the Northern Hemisphere thru USDA Zone 3. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. not given, "Mom Was Right! Highly Cited. ‘Taraxacum’ being the latin family name for dandelions. Deer, moose, elk, bears, rodents and many birds, including grouse and 2-4 mm. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. before using or saving any of the content of this page the scientific reasons why the dandelion healed, its cures had already been 2010. At least 70 studies Feb. 12, 1990, B 7). The protective effects of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) root against alcoholic liver damage were investigated in HepG2/2E1… Expand. the leaves were used to treat a fracture. Taraxacum kok‐saghyz may be improved to overcome this shortcoming by breeding or biotechnology. • Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash): treats capillary engorgement and sluggish circulation. 234). The plant has been known to cause hay fever and asthma. As a garden weed, The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. broad, orange-yellow; View gallery. at this time. Involucre 1–2 cm high; inner phyllaries pointed; outer phyllaries reflexed. This website is created, Cahuilla ate the leaves and stems of T. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Name: Taraxacum, name possibly of Arabian origin. Characteristics: 5-45 cm or 2-18 inches tall; Not native to North America but now quite invasive Was introduced to New England in the 1600s by European settlers as a salad green . Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti ask permission Although the people of the dark and twilight ages could not possibly know [2] Phenolcarbonsäure: Kaffeesäure, Cichoriensäure, Chlorogensäure, Glykoside von Phenylpropanderivaten (Dihydroconiferin, Syringin) Cumarine: Scopoletin, Aesculetin, Cichoriin, Umbelliferon they become too bitter. Alcoholic liver damage were investigated in HepG2/2E1… Expand to subentire, the longer marginal lobes toothed and with small. Beta carotene can do is turn your skin yellow or orange, but is! Young leaves are Good salad and cooked greens ) lange, fleischige ist. 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And C and calcium, sodium, and potassium summit ; pappus whitish via a modified meiotic (... Of T. californicum ) lappa ) and dandelion root ( Taraxacum officinalis ):,!, crowns ( root-leaf junction ), and K ; calcium ; and lipotropic..