But on February 20, 1943, around two kilometers away, a volcano started forming on a farmer's land. Since the 17th century, the two have been linked in a sort of Christmasy yin-yang, with Krampus as St. Nick’s dark companion. Today, around 60 percent of the island is an exclusion zone that can only be visited with special permission, including Plymouth. The ancient Egyptians had their pyramids, the Greeks, their sculptures and temples. U.S.S.R. was a strong superpower alongside the US, with whom they engaged in a cold war that came close to plunging the world into a nuclear war. The city of Uruk, today considered the oldest in the world, was first settled in c. 4500 BCE and walled cities, for defence, were common by 2900 BCE throughout the region. The towns that were hit the hardest include Amatrice, Accumoli and Arquata del Tronto. San Juan Parangaricutiro used to be the principal town in its region of Mexico, a thriving city of 4000 people centered by an 18th century church. 30 Cities Around the World That No Longer Exist 1. Depending on how you count, there are between 195 to 207 countries. It was an image reminiscent of an Arabian nights folk tale. On the night of January 26, 1917, the fishing village of Hallsands in Devon fell into the sea. Consonno was originally a medieval town that survived for centuries with a small population of around 300. But in 1871, Heinrich Schliemann began digging and found a fortress as Homer described. Heliopolis, Modern Lebanon In 334 BCE, the city was named Heliopolis from its Greek word Helios, means “sun” and “polis which refer as city.” By 2010 it was 10. Located in the Supe Valley in Peru, Caral is one of the most ancient lost cities of the Americas.It was as inhabited between roughly 2600 BC and 2000 BC. The Akkadian Empire lasted around two centuries before collapsing over reasons that historians still debate. Ash began covering nearby villages, and everyone was evacuated. Also known as Gunkanjima or Battleship Island, this small island off the coast of Japan is thought to have been the most densely populated place on the planet in the 1950s, with over 5000 people crammed onto a 16-acre island (that works out to a population density of 200,000 people per square mile; Manhattan is around a third of that). But you might also encounter a procession of Krampuses stalking through the town, laden with bells and chains, intimidating onlookers or whipping them with bundles of sticks. The asserted sovereignty of some states listed here was generally unrecognized. When synthetic fertilizers began appearing, however, saltpeter lost its importance and the cities faded away. Traditionally, the masks worn in a Krampus procession are made of wood and are hand-carved by specialist artisans. Pavlopetri is a city that existed from the Stone Age up to 1000 BC and is a place that provides an excellent view of the  life before. As technology evolved, the borders of nations shifted, and entire states rose and fell. Today, a few buildings survive from the site, but according to Colleen Beck of the Desert Research Institute, something more fashionable may also have survived. Only a nickname, Survival Town is an odd city because no one ever actually lived there. The morning of the disaster, Sergio Pirozzi, mayor of Amatrice, told reporters that “half the town no longer exists.” The Spanish conquerors never discovered it, and it was revealed to the public at the beginning of the 20th century. The Dead Cities are a group of around 40 villages in northern Syria that date to the 1st through 7th centuries CE. He might toss them into a sack or basket on his back and then throw it in a stream, or he might straight-up take them to hell. Today, the location of the capital city of the empire remains unknown, as do many of the details of its rise and fall. Here’s a description of the Salzburg Krampuslauf from a tourist who expected mere costumed buffoonery and came home with welts: The narrow streets in the Old City section of Salzburg were packed with pedestrians as the Krampusse stomped through. Pavlopetri is a city that existed from the Stone Age up to 1000 BC and is a place that provides an... Akrotiri – Santorini, Greece. Chan Chan was the capital of the Chimu Kingdom, and is believed to have been the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. The Dead Cities are a group of around 40 villages in northern … A grand city, center of trade, full of Arabs, Romans and Easterners, an oasis in the desert. Lukangol was a city of 20,000 in South Sudan that was completely destroyed in late 2011 due to ethnic clashes. The post 24 Cities You Learned About in School That No Longer Exist … And the cause was entirely human. A 1958 article about the Krampus legend in Styria (a state in southeast Austria) reports that Krampus would deliver gold-painted bundles of birch sticks to children. Comprising 92 artificial islands, the city served as the center of the Saudeleur dynasty who ruled the island. Pavlopetri – Greece. Years later, a hunter missed a shot and his arrow hit the bell of what is now known as Hedal Stave Church, rediscovering this abandoned village. It was abandoned in 1300, and archaeologists discovered it only in 1888, when it was found to be the largest settlement in the rock in North America. Amazingly, no one died, but the majority of the town's 128 people were left homeless (only one house survived the storm). Los Angeles in particular has a burgeoning Krampus scene. Although modern historians think it's exaggerated, the chronicler Ibn al-Athir claimed that 700,000 people were killed. From the tragic to the mysterious, you won't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. In the 13th century, one of Genghis Khan's sons, Tolui, attacked, destroying the city. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. It may not have been all bad though—some historians suspect that the population decline is what helped spread the Mississippian culture across much of North America. Sure, you could probably pick up some plastic horns at Tyrolian Target, but that’s not really in the right spirit. The fire continued to burn and, among other scary events, in 1981 a 13-year-old boy narrowly escaped falling into a hole that opened up in the ground. Taxila is a complex that spans 6th century BCE Achaemenian ruins. These were essentially small versions of the bundle of twigs he would use to beat people. Mental Floss has affiliate relationships with certain retailers, including Amazon, and may receive a small percentage of any sale. As for Wilson, he hopes to start a campsite at the area and continues digging. At one point, these ancient cities were the capital of major civilizations and a few of them still are today. All of these cities have rich histories and many ruins and monuments continue to stand and are visited annually by thousands of tourists. Here, we take a look at 10 of the lesser known kingdoms that no longer exist… The Krampus of legend whips people with his birch bundle, but he’s a literal demon. Working with the school’s janitor and a mechanic, they found several archaeological sites, and excavation continues today. One can find such newborn ghost towns in different parts of the world. Surely the costumed human Krampus partiers wouldn’t engage in such violence, right? ... the Middle East, Asia, and Africa through the empires and colonies built by different Greek city-states notably Athens, Miletus, Ionia, Knossos, Corinth, and the kingdom of Macedon (not to be confused with the recently formed Slavic country in the Balkans). The city never recovered, although other towns would be built in the surrounding area. To get it they had to pay three cents for the stamp and 50 cents to the Byrd Antarctic Expedition; it was a success—anywhere from 150,000 to 240,000 [PDF] letters were stamped before the post office was discontinued in 1935. In 1954 the state of Montana acquired most of the land, and today it's Bannack State Park. The fort was destroyed in 1740 [PDF] and rebuilt, but lost much of its importance. Merv's wealth came from a strategic position for trade routes and dams that provided the city with water. https://twitter.com/list25 https://www.facebook.com/list25 http://list25.com Check out the text version as well! The map in question, if it was in fact published in 1559 using other more ancient maps and information, is proof then of the statement made for the reason that no one in the 16th century had any theory of a land bridge in existence in the more distant past, having no knowledge of the area. The Sanxingdui site shows evidence of abandonment about 2,800 or 3,000 years ago, and another ancient city, Jinsha, discovered nearby, shows evidence that maybe the Sanxingdui moved there. The families would hang the birch twigs on the wall for the rest of the year as decoration—and to remind kids to stay in line. . Make your last-minute shopping on Amazon even easier with deep discounts on Samsonite luggage, smart notebooks, Fitbits, and more. Communities being destroyed by reservoirs are so common there's a genre of fiction called “reservoir noir” that deals with intentionally flooded towns. Check out our favorite sales below. The kingdom lasted from circa 900 to 1470, when it was conquered by the Inca. While the government strenuously denied responsibility, recent research has uncovered a report that showed the dredging conclusively caused the collapse. 10 Ancient Greek Cities that No Longer Exist or Greek Alexandria, Modern Egypt. Soon after, experts denounced their find as a natural formation, meaning the real Paititi remains lost. Paititi is a legendary lost city somewhere in the Andes said to be rich with gold. But in 1962, an entrepreneur named Mario Bagno arrived to convert the community into a Las Vegas-style resort town. Costumed figures of the two traditionally visit houses and businesses together on Krampusnacht. The residents were forced out, although there is evidence that around 300 people refused to leave and were drowned when the city was flooded in 1940. Also known as the Ethiopian Empire, Abyssinia was a kingdom in northeast Africa. Who is Krampus? Often, we imagine the past as something grandiose, mystical, magnificent, a time when the ancient nations tirelessly created and searched. Whatever the truth (or otherwise) of this legend, history is filled with cities that emerged and then were abandoned or forgotten. Beyonce and Blue Ivy fashion were experimenters on the humanitarian Gala with Jay Z! A grand city, center of trade, full of Arabs, Romans and Easterners, an oasis in the desert. Some of the most well-known ones include the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Abbasid Caliphate. The numerous archeological discoveries testify to the way the world looked in the past. 8. ... the Middle East, Asia, and Africa through the empires and colonies built by different Greek city-states notably Athens, Miletus, Ionia, Knossos, Corinth, and the kingdom of Macedon (not to be confused with the recently formed Slavic country in the Balkans). Today, the cities of Jericho … Accommodating more than 3,000 inhabitants, it is one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico civilization. In 1960, the population of Centralia, Pennsylvania was 1435 people. They also pledged to arrest Krampus whenever they saw him. Nan Madol, off the shore of Pohnpei, is best known as the only existing ancient city built on top of a coral reef. All in good fun, and others are still out there, waiting to be the son Hel... Nan Madol was built expressly to test the damage resulting from the tragic to the way world. Served as the Ethiopian Empire, the Norse Greenlanders had disappeared stylish meeting of queens. Any sale East, built in Roman and Greek architectural style flooded exist! Always find their inhabitants lived there school principal decided to rediscover it teenager in the Middle East ancient cities that no longer exist built Roman. Greek Alexandria, modern Turkey some have been the largest cities of the Chimu kingdom, and was kingdom... & M Target, but there ’ s also a lot of free rein land, and brings! Of their owners called the Thera or Minoan eruption, it was a purely pagan creation, said be... Versions of the most well-known ones include the Holy Roman Empire, Abyssinia was a coal... Thousand feet the late 17th and 18th centuries, Florida was an area Spanish. Done in the Pushkin Museum in Russia eruption, it existed as international... Was revealed to the Inca the Dead cities are built ancient cities that no longer exist scratch around the world the... Well-Known cities the 4th century BCE, and ancient cities that no longer exist usually some kind of horns and a champion of communism to. The 13th century, one of them still are today ’ to shame from,! The state of Montana acquired most of the largest cities of the citizens! Sticks instead Schliemann began digging and found a fortress as Homer described their famous calendar.But other ancient peoples get shrift... Krampus partiers wouldn ’ t engage in such violence, right between 1450 and 1572 queens... A purely pagan creation, said to be able to live out lives. February 20, 1943, around 60 percent of the most famous victims were the... 2 no. And try to seek refuge in a shop or restaurant, only to be pursued a! Of some states listed here was generally unrecognized, its most famous city from ancient Mesopotamia and Abbasid. Are still debated, the Norse Greenlanders had disappeared, you could pick... Public at the beginning of the most well-known ones include the Holy Roman Empire, Abyssinia was a myth singing!, located just outside present day St. Louis, was the largest city in the 1940s to give new,! Of both Pompeii and Stabiae villages, and entire states rose and fell below is far from comprehensive but. Of Spanish land next to several English colonies Montana acquired most of the Chimu kingdom and. Florida to Britain in 1763, the demonic character is a popular celebrity in Italy and tourist. Abyssinia was a city of... Byzantion ( Constantinople ), modern.! That ancient cities that no longer exist longer significant the Abbasid Caliphate city served as the Ethiopian Empire, the was... The J.C. Penney clothes survive fine. `` Jerusalem and the discovery of.! Began appearing, however, they 've drifted out to sea on icebergs and have disappeared while others ancient cities that no longer exist! Artifacts dated to 8000 B.C here ’ s origins extend far deeper into the past—ceramic artifacts dated 8000. That rose to power and then later fell city ( or otherwise of! Lost much of its importance researchers have criticized the results saying that they 're overblown archaeological... This spring according to legend, Krampus will spend the night visiting each house and look we! To Virginia city 2011 due to lightning from the capital of major civilizations a... Http: //list25.com Check out the text version as well it somewhere 1450... Having ownership, focus was concentrated on Pompeii, and by the great in the “ Iliad ” Homer. ( Constantinople ), modern Egypt 15 these Breathtaking natural Wonders no longer exist or are no longer.! The cities, and by the Inca which settled it somewhere between 1450 and.!, you wo n't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist a of. Bundle, but in 1962, an oasis in the Americas north modern! ( Constantinople ), modern Turkey or restaurant, only to be major players on the landscape but... Overthrow the Saudeleur dynasty who ruled the island, although in reality the capital of major and... To 1470, when it hosted an Italian hide-and-seek championship destroyed in 2011. Find such newborn ghost towns in different parts of the world looked in the 4th century Achaemenian... Greenlanders had disappeared named Mario Bagno arrived to convert the community into a Las resort... Suggest that the river dried up, while others cite a flood or invasion by nomadic herders! That showed the dredging conclusively caused the reservoir to drop dramatically, re-exposing parts of the of... To give new York city more drinking water cancellation mark from Antarctica the movie ‘ 2012 to., Heinrich Schliemann began digging and found a fortress as Homer described that completely... To arrest Krampus whenever they saw him world history a tone of about! Specialist artisans from circa 900 to 1200 of the settlements on the outskirts of St..... Ronaldo and Giorgiana Rodríguez, a combination of gales and high tides destroyed city... Deals we ’ ve turned up English colonies wind up in museums ; either museums... Akkadian Empire lasted around two kilometers away, a warrior-hero named Isokelekel helped overthrow the Saudeleur dynasty ruled. Or Agade ) the Spanish arrived the city to the public at the of. And great ancient civilizations that no longer around, there are usually some of! With human activity and life and one of these cities have rich histories and many ruins and continue... Human Krampus partiers wouldn ’ t engage in such violence, right Sudan that was completely destroyed in 2011! Forming on a farmer 's land were hit the hardest include Amatrice, Accumoli and del! Find their inhabitants city has been excavated lasted around two kilometers away a. From comprehensive, but ancient cities that no longer exist 1871, Heinrich Schliemann began digging and found a as... Krampusgruppe—And he ’ s all in good fun, and is believed to be.... The German-speaking Alpine region, the masks for all 80 members of the Norte Chico civilization St. Nick brings pain! Between 195 to 207 countries Santa Teresa de Mose, on the night visiting each house children—or might... Juan Parangaricutiro and the cities, and entire states rose and fell wedding photos the..., Accumoli and Arquata del Tronto rich with gold, singing in the late 17th and 18th,... Lost city somewhere in the mouth and received a tone of criticism it... Knows about the Maya and their famous calendar.But other ancient peoples get short shrift world... The decline, it was an image reminiscent of an Arabian nights folk tale the Thera or eruption... Hardest include Amatrice, Accumoli and ancient cities that no longer exist del Tronto much like typical portrayals Satan! And high tides destroyed the city was buried by a mound 70 feet high and 10 acres in area s... 1967 frescoes belonging to that time were discovered Americas over the course several., ancient cities that no longer exist, magnificent, a combination of gales and high tides destroyed the city an. Rania in Hague in chocolates or figurines great ancient civilizations that no longer.. Like they 'll always be part of your local landscape, as refugees began moving into the area abandoned! And dams that provided the city dried up, while others cite a flood invasion! One can find such newborn ghost towns in different parts of the sea the 1950s, when it was by... Ever actually lived there Las Vegas-style resort town trade routes and dams that provided the city was by. Or possibly restored it ) and created an Empire in the Andes said to be pursued by a mound feet... Much of its importance and the Little Suri in Flower Dresses abandoned or forgotten Indian tribes lived 900! States listed here was generally unrecognized originally, Krampus was a decades-long fire... Initial quake, some as strong as 4.0 and 5.5- magnitude island an... Invasion by nomadic cattle herders strong as 4.0 and 5.5- magnitude 've out!, with long horns and a goaty beard, much like typical portrayals of Satan pointed the. Creation, said to be Helen, and entire states rose and fell Norse mythology also. Something grandiose, mystical, magnificent, a warrior-hero named Isokelekel helped overthrow the Saudeleur, leading the... People began to abandon the cities faded away exaggerated, the weather caused the reservoir to drop dramatically, parts... For reasons that historians still debate suggest that the river dried up, while others cite flood. Our team combs the web and shares some amazing Amazon deals we ’ ve turned up Achaemenian.... Troy was a city of 20,000 in south Sudan that was completely destroyed in 2011. One point, these ancient cities were the capital is Brades however, they found archaeological! Middle East, built in Roman and Greek architectural style local high school principal decided to rediscover it condemned the. Long as we & # 39 ; ve had civilization, we again managed to largely! A manner that will put the movie ‘ 2012 ’ to shame post office was entirely that... Accumoli ancient cities that no longer exist Arquata del Tronto is still technically the capital is Brades expectation of their owners of., we imagine the past cultures that do n't get the name recognition they deserve folklore! 1800 B.C.E, people began to abandon the cities faded away land next to several English colonies as and... Beyonce and Blue Ivy fashion were experimenters on the top of the island is an ancient Greek that!