He praises the gods for saving him and says he will work with the Chorus to establish a democracy. The Chorus, a group of elderly men too old to have fought in the war, come out and explain that the Trojan War began out of a feud between Paris, the Trojan prince, and Menelaus, the Greek king. Soon, Agamemnon, with Cassandra, a captive soothsayer, beside him, enter in a chariot. Achilles. Agamemnon returns with Cassandra, a prophetess from Troy and captured member of the royal family, now his war prize. For … Menelaus is the brother of Agamemnon, who is Clytemnestra’s husband and the king of Argos. 6 Before Agamemnon left for Troy, he sacrificed his daughter for favorable sailing winds. However, Clytemnestra is holding murderous vengeance in her heart. Agamemnon (Ἀγαμέμνων, Agamémnōn) is the first of the three plays within the Oresteia trilogy. 4 Conflict Agamemnon's coming home! With the help of Achilles, the Greeks are able to fight the never before defeated Trojans. Horribly dishonored, Achilles returns to his ships and refuses to fight. The first play in Aeschylus' trilogy, Orestia, and arguably the most famous of the three. The Chorus members panic and scatter, debating whether Agamemnon is dead and whether his killers will capture the city of Argos. Agamemnon has captured a woman named Chryseis during his … When Clytaemnestra lays out a purple carpet for Agamemnon to walk on, he protests, saying the honor is fit only for a god, not a human. A herald arrives to confirm Troy is captured. Cassandra cries out in horror and claims she sees murder and tragedy in the palace. 5 Zeus forbids the other gods to interfere in the war. Clytemnestra meets Agamemnon outside the palace and implores him to enter into the palace walking on a carpet of purple tapestries. Agamemnon sees this as an opportunity for power. The play ends with Clytaemnestra and Aegisthus, now rulers of Argos, returning to the palace. Clytaemnestra convinces Agamemnon to walk the carpet. Clytemnestra, in Greek legend, a daughter of Leda and Tyndareus and wife of Agamemnon, commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Agamemnon seemingly does his best to irritate the gods and his most valuable warrior, Achilles. He is now content believing justice has been served for past crimes. The divisions of ancient plays were marked by interludes of choral odes. He doesn't think that Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife, is managing things very well. In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (/ æ ɡ ə ˈ m ɛ m n ɒ n /; Greek: Ἀγαμέμνων Agamémnōn) was a king of Mycenae, the son, or grandson, of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis. The Chorus reflects on the destruction caused by Paris and Helen, whose kidnapping started the war, and laments the damage and sorrow war causes. She has killed Agamemnon and Cassandra. Waiting at home for Agamemnon is his wife, Queen Clytemnestra, who has been planning his murder. “…The deception was the woman’s part… still with [Agamemnon’s] money I shall endeavor to control the citizens” (Agamemnon … Aegisthus explains his revenge and threatens the Chorus. LitCharts Teacher Editions. As Aegisthus’ soldiers surround the Chorus, the Chorus prays that Agamemnon’s son Orestes will return to Argos to set things right. By Clytemnestra, Agamemnon had a son, Orestes, and three daughters, Iphigeneia (Iphianassa), Electra (Laodice), and Chrysothemis. Cassandra, possessed by the god Apollo, begins to cry out, and her thoughts eventually form a prophecy in which she predicts Agamemnon’s murder in detail, as well as her own death. Agamemnon begins with a Watchman on duty on the roof of the palace at Argos, waiting for a signal announcing the fall of Troy to the Greek armies. One for Agamemnon and another for The Wizard of Oz. Clytemnestra chides the Chorus for being skeptical but the Herald admits that not all the news is good – a storm has separated Agamemnon and Menelaus’ fleets, and Menelaus is missing. She took Aegisthus as her lover while Agamemnon was away at war. Teachers and parents! The first point that strikes one is that, after sunrise, the action is consistently that of the day of Agamemnon's home-coming. He's been gone for 10 years fighting the Trojan War. Finally the Chorus welcomes Agamemnon, who enters riding in a chariot with Cassandra, Paris’ sister—a prophet of the god Apollo, and Agamemnon’s new slave. "Agamemnon Study Guide." Agamemnon Study Guide. Aegisthus tells angry Chorus members they now will have to serve him. 5 This person wrote The Illiad. In front of the palace there are statues of the gods, and altars prepared for sacrifice. The leader of the Chorus admits to the king that, although he had despised of his decision to pursue Helen … From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. The Chorus, a group of Argive elders, comes onstage to speak collectively. Aegisthus explains his revenge and threatens the Chorus. Clytaemnestra and the Chorus urge Cassandra to enter the palace and take her place as a slave. They insult him and say they are ready to die. This person is also known as "the swift runner" or the "matchless runner", among other things. The play opens with a watchman standing on the roof of the palace of Agamemnon at Argos. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. The play is set sometime in the 12th or 13th centuries BCE, and begins in Argos, Greece. Our, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. So they set off with 1,000 ships holding 50,000 Greeks to Troy. Copyright © 2016. Clytemnestra tries to force Cassandra to go into the palace, but Cassandra remains silent, and Clytemnestra gives up and leaves her in the chariot. Accessed December 12, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Agamemnon/. . He and Clytaemnestra disagree about this, but finally he walks across the carpet into his palace. She has been involved in an affair with Aegisthus, one of the king’s kinsmen. Exiting from the palace, Clytaemnestra tells the Chorus the Argive armies have captured Troy. She tells the Chorus her visions, which become more specific: a woman, Clytaemnestra, will kill Agamemnon and Cassandra herself. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. The Chorus reveals the Argive prophet, Calchas, predicted the Argive victory and recalls how the goddess Artemis forced Agamemnon, leader of the Argive forces, to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia so his troops could set sail. In this exercise you will plot 2 kernel densities. 4 Mortals and gods fight and are wounded in battle. Gender Roles. The situation is somewhat dubious. Clytemnestra tells the Chorus that Troy has fallen, but they remain skeptical, so she explains the system of signal fires that allowed the news to travel so quickly. The Watchman reveals that Argos has been living without its king for ten years. After his victory in Troy, … But they come to a stop by Hector, Prince of Troy. Paris stole Menelaus’ wife Helen, and as a result Menelaus and Agamemnon led a fleet to Troy to avenge the insult. Clytaemnestra determines to give her husband, Agamemnon, a hero's welcome home. When he sees the signal fire indicating victory, the Watchman rejoices and enters the palace to spread the news. Revenge. They worry something terrible will happen, and they know justice will be served. Agamemnon Summary The first words of the play are spoken by the Watchman sitting on the roof of the palace of Agamemnon in Argos, Greece. A beacon flashes, and he joyfully runs to tell the news to Queen Clytemnestra. 8 Achilles and the gods return to the fighting. Instant downloads of all 1379 LitChart PDFs Clytemnestra has been plotting her revenge against Agamemnon since his departure. The Chorus breaks out into chaos, unsure of how to respond. Homer. Finally the Chorus welcomes Agamemnon, who enters riding in a chariot with Cassandra, Paris’ sister—a prophet of the god Apollo, and Agamemnon’s new slave. Agamemnon is a king of the Achaeans, but that does not make him worthy of the title. Web. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Have study documents to share about Agamemnon? 3 In front of Agamemnon's palace, a watchman wishes his shift would end. The watchman sees the signal fire announcing victory. Agamemnon returns with Cassandra, a prophetess from Troy and captured … 97 beacon-message, the subsequently shipwrecked Greeks were sacking Troy. STUDY. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. Agamemnon quiz that tests what you know about important details and events in the book. It details the homecoming of Agamemnon, King of Mycenae, from the Trojan War.After ten years of warfare, Troy had fallen and all of Greece could lay claim to victory. Clytemnestra meets Agamemnon outside the palace and implores him to enter into the palace walking on a carpet of purple tapestries. The Iliad Vocabulary, Characters, and Plot Points. Agamemnon is a confusing tale of the people that are waiting for the soldiers to get home from the Trojan War. Select any of the themes in the key below to highlight it in the Theme Wheel. Agamemnon says he will take back Briseis, a captive woman who was given to Achilles as a prize for valor. Even before he was born, his family members were fighting against one another. As part of their power struggle, Atreus tricked Thyestes into eating his own young children, then banished him from the city. Clytaemnestra prepares for Agamemnon's homecoming. The Chorus tells the story of Helen's arrival in Troy, laments Troy's grief, and warns of doom for the violent. War and Its Aftermath. Upon his return, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus murdered Agamemnon… The Chorus senses dread. It surely is not possible to understand Agamemnon’s life without having knowledge of his tumultuous past. The leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War*, he is one of the central figures in the Iliad, Homer's epic poem about the war. The Chorus details how Helen incited the fall of Troy. A signal fire announces that Agamemnon is … When she tries to justify her actions, the Chorus argues with her. Their leader, King Agamemnon, seeks to provide better food, but accidentally slays a sacred deer. Book Review 3 out of 5 stars to Agamemnon, the first of the Orestia plays written in 458 BC by Aeschylus.Peter Arnott, a noted scholar and critic, has stated that, The Agamemnon is a bitter indictment of war, of the folly of bloodshed, of the hardships of fighting, of the misery at home. 28 Nov. 2016. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme. After his victory in Troy, Agamemnon is reluctant to do anything that may be seen as an act of defiance to the gods (as this might be), but Clytemnestra convinces him to walk on the tapestries, and he does so. He expects a glorious homecoming, and the people--especially his wife Clytemnestra--are relieved that he is home. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. T he Iliad is an epic poem by Homer that tells the story of several weeks in the last year of the decade-long Trojan War.. They have been hoping for victory for 10 years and ask the Argive queen, Clytaemnestra, for news. Individually Chorus members discuss whether Clytaemnestra's news can be trusted. (including. In the Greek city of Argos on the roof of the royal palace, a watchman long and impatiently awaits news of the outcome of the Trojan War, hoping the Argives (Greek forces) have captured Troy. The Chorus then thanks the gods and muses on the gods’ tendency to punish mortals who are prideful. Structure. Clytaemnestra justifies her deeds to the Chorus. Seemingly worried about her husband, Clytaemnestra greets Agamemnon and promises she has been faithful. CLYTEMNESTRA, wife of AGAMEMNON A HERALD AGAMEMNON, King of Argos CASSANDRA, daughter of Priam, and slave of AGAMEMNON AEGISTHUS, son of Thyestes, cousin of AGAMEMNON Servants, Attendants, Soldiers Scene Before the palace of AGAMEMNON in Argos. 12 Dec. 2020. The Chorus members are confused and distressed, unsure whether to believe her. Homer. In Course Hero. Agamemnon has been gone for ten years. Taking Aegisthus with him, Thyestes left Argos and called down a curse on the House of Atreus, ensuring its members would die violently. When he is gone, the Chorus, made up of the old men of Argos, enters and tells the story of how the Trojan Prince Paris stole Helen, the wife of the Greek king Menelaus, … Iliad Summary. A Herald enters and confirms that Troy has indeed fallen, and recounts some of the hardships of the war. The herald confirms news of Argive victory and shipwreck. The thing is, Agamemnon isn't there. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. The Plot of the Agamemnon. The Chorus members grieve for the slain Agamemnon, but Clytaemnestra says he brought his death on himself. "Agamemnon Study Guide." Most of the play is the chorus singing about many of the things that happened during the war. Clytemnestra herself is having an adulterous affair with Agamemnon's worst enemy, Aegisthus, with whom she has also been plotting the murder of Agamemnon. It is night. When Agamemnon returns, he has with him a mistress, a Trojan princess captured in the battle. (2016, November 28). Agamemnon, the king of Argos, is returning victorious from the Trojan War. Aegisthus, Agamemnon's cousin, appears—he is Clytaemnestra's lover and assisted in her plot. 2 Agamemnon takes Briseis from Achilles. The Chorus suggests an impending sense of dread for what’s to come. As guards surround the gate, after denouncing the murderers, the Chorus separates. link Link Agamemnon and Achilles Argue (Book 1): The Achaean commander Agamemnon is forced to give up his war prize, the woman Chryseis, for the sake of the Achaean army. 6 With Zeus's help, Hector breaks through to Achaean ships. Course Hero. Clytemnestra explains that she has committed the murders to avenge her daughter Iphigenia’s sacrifice. Clytaemnestra murders Agamemnon and Cassandra. 8 They hope Orestes, Agamemnon's exiled son, will return. She refuses. A Watchman, stationed on top of the palace, waits for a signal fire indicating that the ten-year Trojan War (between the Greeks and the Trojans) has come to an end. PLAY. He explains that Clytaemestra has ordered him to keep a lookout each night for the light from a series of … Course Hero. Daring is recorded as the undesirable offspring of aged Pride. Agamemnon’s father, King Atreus had a twin; Thyestes. But his wife Clytemnestra, enraged at Agamemnon because he had sacrificed her daughter Iphigenia at Aulis to appease the winds, and full of jealousy because he brings Cassandra as her rival home, estranged also by the long-continued absence of her husband, but most estranged by her own guilty affair with Aegisthus, is now plotting to slay her husband on his return, gaining both revenge and … The Chorus details how Helen incited the fall of Troy. If there-fore our poet has so managed the transition from the introductory Once in a tidy format, both books will retain words and corresponding scores for … He sees the fire light and rushes out to tell queen Clytemnestra the good news. 3 Zeus agrees to punish the Achaeans for Achilles. Clytaemnestra justifies her deeds to the Chorus. The watchman sees the signal fire announcing victory. She claims Agamemnon's death was revenge for the sacrifice of their daughter Iphigenia. Finding out about Queen Aerope’s affair with the two sons she had from Thyestes, Atre… Recall the "afinn" lexicon has terms scored from -5 to 5. In Book One, this person gets in an argument with Agamemnon over Chryseis. 2 We know nothing about this person. 7 Hector kills Patroclus in battle. Agamemnon. The Chorus begins to speak about the inevitability of fate, but screams from the palace interrupt them. According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. Get the eBook on Amazon to study offline. Cassandra predicts Agamemnon's death and her own. For both you will perform an inner_join() with the "afinn" lexicon. Distraught, Cassandra enters the palace, knowing she, too, soon will die. Clytaemnestra convinces Agamemnon to walk the carpet. Clytaemnestra prepares for Agamemnon's homecoming. Because Cassandra was Agamemnon's lover, Clytaemnestra killed her as well. Summary and Analysis Agamemnon: Prologue (Lines 1-39) Summary. His punishment from the gods, the sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenia. Clytaemnestra murders Agamemnon and Cassandra. Cassandra predicts Agamemnon's death and her own. The Greek army is about to set sail to a great battle, but the winds refuse to blow. Agamemnon returns to Argos with Cassandra. Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, has returned after 10 years. In terms of marital infidelity, Clytemnestra cannot claim moral superiority over Agamemnon. 9 Agamemnon demands that he be compensated for the loss of the girl, and Achilles, the greatest Achaean warrior, objects. The herald confirms news of Argive victory and shipwreck. Course Hero Literature Instructor Russell Jaffe explains the plot summary of Aeschylus's play Agamemnon. The two men quarrel viciously. Agamemnon is a domestic tragedy, telling the story of the murder of Agamemnon, King of The Chorus tells the story of Helen's arrival in Troy, laments Troy's grief, and warns of doom for the violent. He then ignores the questions of why it was Klytemestra that killed Agamemnon instead of Aigisthos (the man), and finally answers it by passively plotting his own plans. According to the story, Thyestes wanted everything Atreus had and had an affair with Aerope, Atreus’ wife. Clytaemnestra determines to give her husband, Agamemnon, a hero's welcome home. Course Hero. After Atreus was murdered by his nephew Aegisthus (son of Thyestes), Agamemnon and Menelaus took refuge with Tyndareus, king of Sparta, whose daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen, they respectively married. November 28, 2016. Year-long I've haunched here on this palace roof, year-long been the all-fours watch-dog of the Atreids, learning by rote the slow dance of the stars, spectator of the brilliance in black skies that brings to men their winters and their suns: A blood-soaked Clytemnestra appears, and the palace doors open to reveal the dead bodies of Agamemnon and Cassandra. Course Hero, "Agamemnon Study Guide," November 28, 2016, accessed December 12, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Agamemnon/. She enters into the palace to meet her fate. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Aeschylus, Agamemnon GUARD The gods relieve my watch: that's all I ask. Struggling with distance learning? All of a sudden, we hear Agamemnon from within the palace screaming that he is being attacked. Through his actions and words in The Iliad , we can see that Agamemnon is not a great king at all. The play also shows the disrespect the men had for women in that time period. 7 Aegisthus, Clytemnestra’s lover and Agamemnon’s cousin, joins Clytemnestra and explains that the revenge is twofold—long ago, Agamemnon’s father Atreus had killed and cooked Aegisthus’ brothers and fed them to their father, Thyestes. Long ago Aegisthus's father, Thyestes, was betrayed by Atreus, Agamemnon's father. 1 The Chorus also tells us that in order to persuade the goddess Artemis to allow his fleet to pass, Agamemnon sacrificed his and Clytemnestra’s daughter, Iphigenia. Retrieved December 12, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Agamemnon/. Course Hero. Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! The Theme Wheel visualizes all of Agamemnon's themes and plot points on one page. Clytemnestra enters and the Chorus asks why fires of sacrifice are being lit around the palace. The palace doors open, revealing Clytaemnestra with blood on her hands. Agamemnon returns to Argos with Cassandra. Plot Summary of "Agamemnon" by Aeschylus Overview. , Hector breaks through to Achaean ships AP Literature without the printable PDFs exercise will! 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Retain words and corresponding scores for … Clytaemnestra determines to give her husband, Agamemnon 's death and own! “ this is absolutely the best teacher resource I have ever purchased my watch: that 's I... However, Clytemnestra can not claim moral superiority over Agamemnon king ’ husband... Daughter Iphigenia Troy and captured … Daring is recorded as the undesirable offspring of aged Pride is wife! Hector breaks through to Achaean ships the war kernel densities against Agamemnon his... Believing justice has been involved in an argument with Agamemnon over Chryseis “ not. Power struggle, Atreus ’ wife Helen, and warns of doom for the to... Chorus details how Helen incited the fall of Troy and distressed, unsure of how to..