He was raised / on the third day / according to the scriptures / and appeared To Peter / and to the twelve. A few centuries later the Jewish historian Josephus, writing roughly in the same period as Paul and the authors of the gospels, says that the Essenesbelieved the soul to be immortal, so that while the body would return to dust the soul would go to a place fitting its moral … (Galatians 1:13–14), NIV. His. Why isn’t it mentioned in the Gospels (or is it)? Likewise, the Catholic New American Bible (NAB) presents a blunt contradiction: The men who were traveling with him stood speechless, for they heard the voice but could see no one. Paul also discusses his pre-conversion life in his Epistle to the Philippians,[3:4–6] and his participation in the stoning of Stephen is described in Acts 7:57–8:3. Acts 9 EHV - Jesus Appears to Saul on the Road to - Bible Gateway. Paul’s experience on the Damascus road was a unique demonstration of the resurrection of Jesus. Traditional readings and modern biblical scholarship both see a discrepancy between these passages, but modern Conservative Evangelical commentators, who hold to the doctrine of the inerrancy of scripture, argue that the contradiction can be explained. 36] (1833–36). This manifestation, according to Paul, took place between Christ's appearance before 500+ people and a time he appeared to all the apostles (1Corinthians 15:5 - 7). It is normally dated to AD 34–37. [12] He was God’s “chosen vessel” to preach the gospel to the Gentiles, before kings, and … (Acts 22:9). God appeared to Paul that night, physically as the Lord Jesus. [13] Resolving the contradiction involves translating φωνῆ and ἀκούω in Acts 9:7 as "hear" and "sound" respectively, but translating the same words in Acts 22:9 as "understand" and "voice". This feast is at the conclusion of the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity, an international Christian ecumenical observance that began in 1908, which is an octave (an eight-day observance) spanning from January 18 (observed in Anglican and Lutheran tradition as the Confession of Peter, and in the pre-1961 Roman Catholic Church as the feast of the Chair of Saint Peter at Rome) to January 25. He encouraged Paul and revealed to him a purpose of the persecution [Acts 23:11]: “… Be of good cheer, Paul: for as thou hast testified of me in Jerusalem, so must thou bear witness also at Rome.” Before his conversion, Paul, also known as Saul, was "a Pharisee of Pharisees", who "intensely persecuted" the followers of Jesus. So where exactly did Jesus appear, and to whom? [30], In "-30-", the finale episode of The Wire, Norman Wilson tells Mayor Tommy Carcetti the Jimmy McNulty/Lester Freamon "serial killer" hoax is the mayor's "road to Damascus" moment and likens the detectives' fabrication of a serial killer, which allows them to successfully fund and achieve their actual investigative goals, to Carcetti's adoption of popular campaign platforms he doesn't really care about in order to achieve his actual political agenda. The speech is clearly tailored for its Jewish audience, with stress being placed in Acts 22:12 on Ananias's good reputation among Jews in Damascus, rather than on his Christianity. 3. Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Paul (On the Road to Damascus) Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostle John (On Patmos Island) Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostles and More than Five-Hundred Followers on a Mountain in Galilee. [22], Based on Paul's testimony in Galatians 1 and the accounts in Acts (Acts 9, 22, 26), where it is specifically mentioned that Paul was tasked to be a witness to the Gentiles, it could be interpreted that what happened on the road to Damascus was not just a conversion from first-century Judaism to a faith centred on Jesus Christ, but also a commissioning of Paul as an Apostle to the Gentiles—although in Paul's mind they both amounted to the same thing. The Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul the Apostle is a feast celebrated during the liturgical year on January 25, recounting the conversion. Paul's conversion experience is discussed in both the Pauline epistles and in the Acts of the Apostles. He got up and was baptized, and after taking some food, he regained his strength. Answer: One of the often-thought-of “name changes” in the Bible is that of Saul to Paul.The change is commonly linked to Saul’s conversion on the Damascus Road, when the Lord Jesus commissioned him to take the gospel to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1–19).However, at the time of Saul’s conversion, Jesus still addressed him as “Saul.” xiv. "[24], This conclusion was challenged in the same journal by James R. Brorson and Kathleen Brewer,[25] who stated that this hypothesis failed to explain why Paul's companions heard a voice (Acts 9:7), saw a light,[Acts 22:9] or fell to the ground. Michelangelo's The Conversion of Saul is housed in the Cappella Paolina of the Vatican Palace. Matt. This speech was most likely originally in Aramaic[6] (see also Aramaic of Jesus), with the passage here being a Greek translation and summary. The Epistle to the Galatians chapter 1 also describes his conversion as a divine revelation, with Jesus appearing to Paul. Paul is walking on the road to Damascus in order to arrest Christians in Damascus. Paul realized that Jesus was the promised Messiah and that he was raised from the dead. It was not a mere vision or epiphany. The Book of Acts says that Paul was on his way from Jerusalem to Syrian Damascus with a mandate issued by the High Priest to seek out and arrest followers of Jesus, with the intention of returning them to Jerusalem as prisoners for questioning and possible execution. We’ll explore this detail in this post: In 1 Corinthians 15, Saint Paul recites what seems to be a formula or creedal statement about the resurrection of Christ. Paul’s rabbinical teacher was Gamaliel. The conversion of Paul the Apostle (also the Pauline conversion, Damascene conversion, Damascus Christophany and The Road to Damascus event), was, according to the New Testament, an event in the life of Paul the Apostle that led him to cease persecuting early Christians and to become a follower of Jesus. Question: "When and why was Saul’s name changed to Paul?" [31][32][33] But Jesus emphatically says NO! There is also an appearance to James. We often call “a president,” “President ——-,” even after they leave office. Finally both in Jesus and in Paul the Kingdom appears partly as present and partly as future. 10th of 12 Jesus appears to James his brother, 1 Corinthians 15:7, Galatians 1:9. 15:5-7 Paul later writes to the Christians in Corinth that Jesus appeared to Peter, the twelve and “more than 500 of the believers at the same time” (1 Corinthians 15:6). There did not need to be 12 men to be an accurate use of the term. The noun φωνῆ (phōnē - the source of the English word "telephone") means "voice, utterance, report, faculty of speech", but can also be translated "sound" when referring to an inanimate object. [23], The Acts of the Apostles says that Paul's conversion experience was an encounter with the resurrected Christ. [27], Chapter seventeen of Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man includes a literary device related to the Saul to Paul conversion: "'You start Saul, and end up Paul,' my grandfather had often said. "Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.". | GotQuestions.org, Why did God send Jesus? The men with Saul did not see the risen Jesus, but Saul did. ... And pray with faith in Jesus' name.". This could also mark the date for the conversion of Paul on the road to Damascus. Acts of the Apostles discusses Paul's conversion experience at three different points in the text, in far more detail than in the accounts in Paul's letters. On another occasion he appeared to over five hundred people at the same time. Beginning on Resurrection Sunday, He “showed himself … Acts 18:9Then spoke the Lord to Paul in the night by a vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not your peace:Nave's Topical Index, Acts 22:14,18And he said, The God of our fathers has chosen you, that you should know his will, and see that Just One, and should hear the voice of his mouth.Nave's Topical Index, Acts 23:11And the night following the Lord stood by him, and said, Be of good cheer, Paul: for as you have testified of me in Jerusalem, so must you bear witness also at Rome.Nave's Topical Index, Acts 26:16But rise, and stand on your feet: for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to make you a minister and a witness both of these things which you have seen, and of those things in the which I will appear to you;Nave's Topical Index, 1 Corinthians 9:1Am I not an apostle? It is the Lord that appears to Paul and to ... is the Lord to whom Peter refers Aeneas when he says, 'Jesus Christ maketh thee ... /.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture the acts/the theme of acts.htm, The Conversion of Paul. Paul's conversion showed that Jesus himself wanted the gospel message to go to the Gentiles, quashing any argument from the early Jewish Christians that the gospel was only for the Jews. 45 AD Christ appears to Paul in the Temple and warns him of the persecution to come. Paul starts out in 1 Corinthians 15 by reminding them that Jesus did die and was raised from the dead for the salvation of man. Supposed prophecies ranged from fine days predicting good harvests, to clouds and mists signifying pestilence and war in the coming months. Dr. Ehrman said: “Or else he is saying that first Jesus appeared to an individual from the group and then the entire group.” I don’t think so. (Acts 22:9). Critics doubt if the same author recounting the same story in much the same words in different parts of the same text would have used the same two key terms with such strikingly different meanings. When Christ stands waiting for thy prayer? Paul denies that Jesus appeared non-physically (e.g. Paul discusses the resurrection of Jesus on the heals of dealing with other questions and problems the Corinthian church was having. When the proper time had come Jesus met him on ... the unity of Jews and Gentiles in Christ, which are ... home in discussing subjects the most varied, appears in his ... /.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xxx the epistles of.htm, A Sight of the Crowned Christ ... Jesus was God coming closer and in a way that we ... is part of the purpose in the heart of Christ in letting ... accompanies the presence of God as He appears to men. Acts 9 tells the story as a third-person narrative: As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. 12th of 12 Jesus appears to the disciples with another commission, Luke 24:44-49 & Acts 1:3-8. The Renaissance Italian master Caravaggio painted two works depicting the event: The Conversion of Saint Paul and Conversion on the Way to Damascus. 12:14; John 7:32) talmoore January 30, 2018 at 1:00 pm Log in to Reply The conversion of Paul has been depicted by many artists, including Albrecht Dürer, Francisco Camilo, Giovanni Bellini, Fra Angelico, Fra Bartolomeo, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, William Blake, Luca Giordano, Sante Peranda, and Juan Antonio de Frías y Escalante. The verb ἀκούω (akouō - the source of the English word "acoustics") usually means "hear", but has a secondary meaning "understand", which is how most translations render it in 1 Cor. [6], Acts' third discussion of Paul's conversion occurs when Paul addresses King Agrippa, defending himself against the accusations of antinomianism that have been made against him. This is the foundation of the gospel. But Paul in the King James version of 1 Cor. A contradiction in the details of the account of Paul's revelatory vision given in Acts has been the subject of some debate. Luke 16:28 for I have five brothers. [8] Whereas Acts 9:7 states that Paul's travelling companions heard the voice, Acts 22:9 states that they did not. (Acts 9:7)My companions saw the light but did not hear the voice of the one who spoke to me. are not you my work in the Lord?Nave's Topical Index, 1 Corinthians 15:8And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.Nave's Topical Index, The Theme of Acts ... Name hath made this man whole.' intra-mentally), insisting instead that what appeared to him was quite physical and extra-mental; it was Jesus in the flesh, and so externally perceptible. Alternative explanations have been proposed, including sun stroke and seizure. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born. ), Jesus, the Christ: Mary's Magnificat (At Hebron? xv. Moses stared in amazement. in Matthew 7:21-23 as well … Additionally, Paul's blindness remitted in sudden fashion, rather than the gradual resolution typical of post-ictal states, and no mention is made of epileptic convulsions; indeed such convulsions may, in Paul's time, have been interpreted as a sign of demonic influence, unlikely in someone accepted as a religious leader. Herbert Weir Smyth and Gordon M. Messing, D. Landsborough, "St. Paul and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy,", J.R. Brorson and K. Brewer, "Matters arising: St Paul and temporal lobe epilepsy,", Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles: Introduction and commentary on Acts XV-XXVIII, Reading Acts: A Literary and Theological Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles, The Acts of the Apostles: A socio-rhetorical commentary, Interpretation of the Acts of the Apostles 1–14, Volume 1, Grammatical Insights Into the New Testament, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament, The Acts of the Apostles: The Greek Text with Introduction and Commentary, A commentary on the Holy Scriptures: critical, doctrinal, and homiletical, Volume 8, The Catholic Bible, Personal Study Edition: New American Bible, Paul's Conversion and His Ethic of Freedom in Galatians, Mental health experts praise Abbott's spending pledge, "The Road to Damascus by John Ringo and Linda Evans – WebScription Ebook", "The bitter resonance of The Wire's fake news plotline, a decade later", "The Wire Recap: Season 5, Episode 10, '-30-, Biblical Art on the WWW: On the Way to Damascus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Conversion_of_Paul_the_Apostle&oldid=991138339, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 13:32. 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