Mercenary War - Battle of Bagradas: Carthage defeats mercenary rebels; Fall 240 BC -- Carthaginian Army: 1000 Heavy Cavalry, 1000 Light Cavalry, … The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. Among the handful that escaped were Gaius Caninius Rebilus and Gaius Asinius Pollio.[9]. [5], Moving away from the river, Curio eventually saw the army of Saburra. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. [6] Even worse for the Romans was that Juba was continually reinforcing Saburra with fresh reserves, while the Romans continued to weaken as the battle went on. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. Nevertheless, the Romans fought well under the circumstances, and initially forced Saburra to give ground as they moved inexorably forward. Leaving a quarter of his forces guarding his own camp under the command of Marcius Rufus, Curio began his march to the Bagradas river about two hours before dawn. [2] After getting the better of Varus’s Numidian allies in a number of skirmishes, he defeated Varus at the Battle of Utica, who fled into the town of Utica. Curio’s cavalry stumbled upon them in the early hours of the morning as they slept in their tents and, taking advantage of their confusion, proceeded to attack. [1] Overconfident and holding the usurping governor of Africa, Publius Attius Varus, in low esteem, Curio took fewer of his legions than were available to him, leaving two behind in Sicily. In the confusion of the battle, Curio was urged to take the town before Varus could regroup, but he held himself back, as he did not have the means at hand to undertake an assault of the town. The Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar 's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. Battle of the Bagradas River 49 Bc | Russell Jesse | ISBN: 9785513580058 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. At some point, this should move back to Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC) to keep consistent with the other articles, but a minor edit there makes it impossible for me to do it myself. But he soon realised that his forces were beginning to crack, so he ordered his army to retreat northward to some low hills that bordered the plain. False reports from Utica about Juba’s strength caused him to drop his guard, leading to the Battle of the Bagradas River. [4] Flushed with success, the cavalry did not wait by the river, but rather rode back to find Curio, meeting him about six miles south of the Castra Cornelia. [6], However, their fatigue began to tell against Curio’s troops, and they were too tired to pursue the Numidians who were steadily falling back, and Curio’s cavalry were too few and too tired to take advantage of the break in the attack. When Curio saw the retreating backs of the Numidians, he believed his tactics were playing out as expected. [10] Juba sent a message to Pompey and the Republican senators in Macedonia, who responded by granting him the title of King of Numidia. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred near the Bagradas River (the classical name of the Medjerda) in what is now Tunisia on 24 August and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. The Battle of Utica (49 BC) was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and Numidian cavalry and foot soldiers sent by King Juba I of Numidia and commanded by Publius Attius Varus.Curio defeated the Numidians and drove Varus back into the town of Utica. [6] Saburra saw what was happening and had his cavalry cut off Curio’s retreat. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. Varus was approached by the leading citizens of the town, who begged him to surrender and spare the town the horrors of a siege. [5] Saburra gave the signal, and his forces turned around and engaged the flagging Romans. The open and level plain was perfect for the Numidian horsemen, who continually harassed the Roman legionaries. [2] After getting the better of Varus’s Numidian allies in a number of skirmishes, he defeated Varus at the Battle of Utica, who fled into the town of Utica. The Battle of the Bagradas River occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia.. Caesar sent Curio to take Africa from the Republicans. [7] However, when Juba arrived he decided to make an example of them, and apart from a handful of senators, executed Curio’s remaining soldiers. Saburra, who was convinced that Curio would attack swiftly, gave orders to feign a retreat as soon as the Romans came into view, warning his men to be ready for a signal to turn around and attack. In the confusion of the battle, Curio was urged to take the town before Varus could regroup, but he held himself back, as he did not have the means at hand to undertake an assault of the town. [5] Juba then forded the river with the remainder of his troops and proceeded northward. Only a few soldiers managed to escape the bloodbath that followed, while the three hundred cavalry that had not followed Curio into battle returned to the camp at Castra Cornelia, bearing the bad news. [5], Moving away from the river, Curio eventually saw the army of Saburra. [1] Overconfident and holding the usurping governor of Africa, Publius Attius Varus, in low esteem, Curio took fewer of his legions than were available to him, leaving two behind in Sicily. Unclassified articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bagradas_(49_BC)?oldid=5231622. Overconfident and holding the governor of Africa, Varus, in low esteem, Curio took fewer of his legions than were available to him. [10] Caesar and the remains of the Roman Senate proclaimed him a public enemy. [5], In the meantime, Juba, whose camp was further down and on the other side of the Bagradas and about six miles to the rear of Saburra, heard word of the skirmish by the river. The sailors on the boats finally agreed to take a few of the married soldiers who had families back home, while others swam out to the ships and were pulled aboard. [4], Quickly entrenching himself in the Castra Cornelia, he sent an urgent message to Sicily, requesting that his officers immediately send the two legions and the cavalry he had left behind. [3] Varus, however, had just learned that King Juba was on his way with a large force, and so reassured them that with Juba’s assistance, Curio would soon be defeated. Aug 24 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar 's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [4] They informed Curio that the approaching ‘army’ was in fact only a small body of troops under Juba’s military commander, Saburra. The next day he ordered his forces to march towards Utica, but instead of heading towards the Castra Cornelia which he had spied out for his camp, he decided to take the offensive and placed himself on a ridge to the south-west of the town. [6] Soon the Numidian cavalry had returned and began to envelop the Roman line, pushing in to attack the Roman rear. For that type of narrative of Bagradas, we need to turn to the Roman poet Lucan (39-65 AD), who wrote a lengthy work about the Civil War between Caesar and Pompey well after the events. Leaving a quarter of his forces guarding his own camp under the command of Marcius Rufus, Curio began his march to the Bagradas river about two hours before dawn. Curio’s cavalry stumbled upon them in the early hours of the morning as they slept in their tents and, taking advantage of their confusion, proceeded to attack. The greatly superior cavalry of the Carthaginians and their allies permitted a pincer attack on the Roman infantrymen, provoking a rout and slaughter. Juba, riding into Utica and escorted by a group of armed senators loyal to Pompey, met with Varus and took control of the city. [4] They informed Curio that the approaching ‘army’ was in fact only a small body of troops under Juba’s military commander, Saburra. Relying solely on his cavalry, he kept his infantry in reserve and a good distance from the fighting. The remaining soldiers sent their centurions as delegates to Varus, seeking assurances that they would not be harmed; Varus gave his word. The First Punic War was fought between Carthage and Rome, the two main powers of the western Mediterranean in the 3rd century BC, and lasted for 23 years, from 264 to 241 BC. File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata; Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 728 × 600 pixels. Die Schlacht am Bagradas (der alte Name der Medjerda), auch als Schlacht von Tunis bekannt, war ein Sieg einer karthagischen Armee unter Xanthippus über eine römische Armee unter Marcus Atilius Regulus im Frühjahr 255 v Jahre in den ersten punischen Krieg. The Battle of Bagradas, also known as the Battle of Tunis, or the Battle of Bagradas Plains between the Roman Republic and Carthage occurred in the spring of 255 BC during the First Punic War.The battle ended in a decisive Carthaginian victory. Curio queried how he could ever look Caesar in the face after he had lost him his army, and turning to face the oncoming Numidians, fought on until he was killed. The Battle of the Bagradas River (the ancient name of the Medjerda), also known as the Battle of Tunis, was a victory by a Carthaginian army led by Xanthippus over a Roman army led by Marcus Atilius Regulus in the spring of 255 BC, nine years into the First Punic War. [3] Curio, also hearing that Juba’s army was less than 23 miles from Utica, abandoned the siege, making his way to his base on the Castra Cornelia. File:Battle of Bagradas-Tunis 255 BC.svg. Engaged in a civil war with the Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus and a hostile group of Republican senators, in 49 BC Julius Caesar sent a force to North Africa under the command of Gaius Scribonius Curio to deal with the Pompeian forces there. [8] The soldiers fought with each other to get a place on the boats, and many of the boats, having seen what had happened to the first ones to shore, held back. The Romans began to scatter, cut down as they ran, while others simply lay down on the ground exhausted, waiting for death. HistoryMarche 578,710 views [6], Marcius Rufus, left in charge of the detachment at Castra Cornelia, attempted to hold discipline after news of the disaster reached the camp. He immediately dispatched his Spanish and Gallic mercenary bodyguard, comprising some 2,000 cavalry, together with a handpicked body of infantry to reinforce Saburra. But with Juba’s army rapidly approaching, and Varus’s legions positioning themselves to attack, discipline rapidly broke down. I used the famous, Total War: Rome 2 game to create this historical scenario inspired by Hamilcar Barca's battle at the Bagradas River in 239 BC. [5] Juba then forded the river with the remainder of his troops and proceeded northward. The Numidians were unable to mount any resistance; the majority were either killed or captured and the rest of the advance scouting party fled. [7] With Roman resolve weakening, Curio tried to bolster their spirits, calling on them to stand firm. [10] Caesar and the remains of the Roman Senate proclaimed him a public enemy. The two powers struggled for supremacy primarily on the Mediterranean island of Sicily and its surrounding waters, and also in North Africa. He immediately dispatched his Spanish and Gallic mercenary bodyguard, comprising some 2,000 cavalry, together with a handpicked body of infantry to reinforce Saburra. Battle of Ain Jalut, 1260 ⚔️ The Battle that saved Islam and stopped the Mongols - معركة عين جالوت - Duration: 23:58. When Curio saw the retreating backs of the Numidians, he believed his tactics were playing out as expected. [6] Soon the Numidian cavalry had returned and began to envelop the Roman line, pushing in to attack the Roman rear. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. His initial plan was to defend his position until the reinforcements arrived, as he had access to the sea, allowing easy resupply and communications with Sicily, and locally there was sufficient water, food and timber to meet his needs. Each time a cohort would attempt to engage the enemy, the Numidians would disengage and swing away, before wheeling around and close around the legionaries, preventing them from rejoining the line and cutting them down where they stood. The Battle of Bagradas River or "Battle on the Macar" (c. 240 BC) was fought between Carthaginian forces and part of the combined forces of Carthage's former mercenary armies during the Mercenary War which it used to conduct the First Punic War and those of rebelling Libyan cities. The campaign culminates at the battles of Utica and Bagradas in 49 BC. [5] Saburra gave the signal, and his forces turned around and engaged the flagging Romans. The remaining soldiers sent their centurions as delegates to Varus, seeking assurances that they would not be harmed; Varus gave his word. Battle of the Bagradas River (203 BC), usually known as the Battle of the Great Plains, during the Second Punic War Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC), a battle during the Roman civil war between Caesar and Pompey Battle of the River Bagradas, a battle between the rebel leader Stotzas and Byzantine commander Belisarius. [4], Saburra had his camp some 10 miles off the Bagradas, but his advance party had already reached the river. Returning victorious to his camp on the Bagradas, the legions acclaimed him as Imperator. Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of the Bagradas River caption= partof=Caesar s civil war date=49 BC place=North Africa result=Optimates victory combatant1=Populares combatant2=Optimates commander1=Gaius Scribonius Curio†… The Battle of the Bagradas River (the ancient name of the Medjerda), also known as the Battle of Tunis, was a Carthaginian victory over Rome in the spring of 255 BC during the First Punic War. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on 24 August and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [3] Varus, however, had just learned that King Juba was on his way with a large force, and so reassured them that with Juba’s assistance, Curio would soon be defeated. [4] Flushed with success, the cavalry did not wait by the river, but rather rode back to find Curio, meeting him about six miles south of the Castra Cornelia. Sources. [5] Proposing to attack Saburra whilst his forces were in disarray, Curio ordered a forced march towards the river; he was unconcerned having to leave the majority of his cavalry behind due to the exhausted state of the horses, and proceeded with his reduced legions and 200 cavalry. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [8] Juba then returned to Numidia, along with the captured senators for display and execution. 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